About The Kaʻū Calendar

Ka`u, Hawai`i, United States
A locally owned and run community newspaper (www.kaucalendar.com) distributed in print to all Ka`u District residents of Ocean View, Na`alehu, Pahala, Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park, Volcano Village and Miloli`i on the Big Island of Hawai`i. This blog is where you can catch up on what's happening daily with our news briefs. This blog is provided by The Ka`u Calendar Newspaper (kaucalendar.com), Pahala Plantation Cottages (pahalaplantationcottages.com), Local Productions, Inc. and the Edmund C. Olson Trust.

Thursday, December 08, 2022

Kaʻū News Briefs, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022

Punalu'u Coastline Access & Restorations Investigatory Subcommittee will give its report at the 
Wednesday, Dec. 14 public meeting of Kaʻū Community Development Plan Action Committee at 5 p.m.
 in Nāʻālehu Community Center. Photo from County Planning Department

KA'Ū COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN ACTION COMMITTEE will hold a public meeting on Wednesday, Dec. 14 at 5 p.m. at Nāʻālehu Community Center. Committees reporting at the meeting will be: Punalu'u Coastline Access & Restorations Investigatory Subcommittee; Green sands Coastline Access & Resources Investigatory Subcommittee; Pōhue Bay Coastline Access & Resources Subcommittee; and Kupuna Housing Investigatory Subcommittee.    
    Written testimony from the public may be submitted via email to cdp@hawaiicounty.gov or delivered in person to Hilo or Kona Planning Department by Monday, Dec. 12. During the meeting, Action Committee members are set to engage in "an exercise to establish priority implementation projects and interests. Discussion will include exploring mutual interests between action Committee members to create investigatory subcommittees and community liaison groups, as applicable. Joint initiatives with community members or partners are encouraged."
     See Kaʻū Community Development Plan, the meeting agenda, list of committee members and much more at https://www.planning.hawaiicounty.gov/general-plan-community-planning/cdp/kau. Many documents related to Kaʻū Community Development Plan's creation and implementation can be seen at: https://records.hawaiconty.gov/Weblink/1/fol/9059/Row1.aspx. Documents can also be requested by calling 80-961-8288 or email cdp@hawaiicounty.gov.
Kanonone Waterhole at Pōhue Bay is an anchialine pond that hosts endemic and native species.
Photo by Shalan Crysdale

THE KAHKU-PŌHUE PUBLIC INPUT MEETING will be held this Saturday, Dec. 10 at Nāʻālehu Hongwanji from 1 p.m. to 3 p.m. regarding protection and potential future use of the remote 16,451-acre Kahuku-Pōhue parcel acquired by Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park earlier this year. Input from the public is encouraged. Nāʻālehu Hongwanji is at 95-5695 Mamalahoa Hwy. HVNP, Trust for Public Land and Hawai'i Alliance for Community-Based Economic Development are hosting the session.
Gov. Josh Green's new cabinet with Directors and Deputies for 14 government agencies convened on
Wednesday. Coming up are the selection of the chiefs for Department of Land & Natural Resources,
Department of Agriculture and Department of Hawaiian Home Lands. Photo from Office of Governor

DEPARTMENTS OF LAND & NATURAL RESOURCES, AGRICULTURE AND HAWAIIAN HOME LANDS chiefs will be announced by Gov. Josh Green later this month. He convened his first cabinet meeting Wednesday at the Hawai‘i State Capitol "to discuss immediate priorities and start tackling the state’s most pressing issues, including the state budget." Directors and Deputies for 14 state departments were assembled. Directors and Deputy Directors require confirmation by the state Senate. The tenure of those leading DLNR, DOA and DHHL during the Gov. David Ige administration, continue through January.

 Kaʻū Hawaiian Home Lands are outlined in red.
NO HOUSING IS PLANNED ON KA'Ū HAWAIIAN HOME LANDS with any of the $600 million sent to DHHL for housing from State of Hawai'i. On Hawai'i Island, 40 houses will be built in Honomu, north of Hilo and 400 units in Kona in Hawaiian Home Lands subdivisions at Laʻiʻōpua Village 1 and Laʻiʻōpua Village 2.
    Hawaiian Home Lands in Kaʻū are located at South Point, above Waiohinu and above Ninole and Punalu'u, plus houselots in Discovery Harbour.
     See the DHHL plan at dhhl.hawaii.gov/act279. See story on the plan in Monday's Ka'u News Briefs at: http://kaunewsbriefs.blogspot.com/2022_12_05_archive.html

FISSURE THREE STOPPED FEEDING THE LAVA LOBE HEADED TOWARD SADDLE ROAD, and no longer threatens crossing it. The USGS 8 a.m. update on Thursday says, "The Northeast Rift Zone eruption of Mauna Loa continues with a major change overnight. The fissure 3 (F3) vent continues to erupt but the supply of lava appears to be much reduced this morning. Lava is overtopping channels near the vent with flows extending no farther than 2.5 mi (4 km) from the vent. The channels below this point appear drained of lava and probably no longer feed the main flow front.
    "As of 5:30 a.m. today, Dec. 8, the flow front was stalled about 1.7 mi (2.8 km) from the Daniel K. Inouye Highway (Saddle Road). The lava flow is now inactive for most of its lower length, but the flow front may appear to advance a little as it settles."

Fissure 3 vent lava is overtopping channels near the vent with flows extending no farther than 2.5 mi from the vent. The channels below this point appear drained of lava and probably no longer feed the main flow front. The lava front has stalled and is not expected to cross Saddle Road. USGS image by M. Patrick 

    Sulfur dioxide (SO2) emission rates of approximately 120,000 tonnes per day (t/d) were measured on Dec. 4, and remain elevated. Volcanic gas is rising high and vertically into the atmosphere before being blown to the west at high altitude, generating vog downwind. Hawai'i Interagency Vog Information Dashboard has detailed information about vog: https://vog.ivhhn.org/. Forecasts for the dispersion of vog

can be found on the VMAP Vog Forecast Dashboard: http://weather.hawaii.edu/vmap/new/.
    USGS reported that "Tremor (a signal associated with subsurface fluid movement) continues beneath the currently active fissure. This indicates that magma is still being supplied to the fissure, and activity is likely to continue as long as we see this signal."
There is no active lava within Moku'āweoweo caldera nor the Southwest Rift Zone. "We do not expect any eruptive activity outside the Northeast Rift Zone," USGS concluded.
    See the most recent eruption map at: https://www.usgs.gov/media/images/most-recent-mauna-loa-northeast-rift-zone-eruption-map
    See info on lava viewing: https://hawaii-county-volcano-hazards-hawaiicountygis.hub.arcgis.com/ See streaming video of the fissure 3 fountains can be found at https://www.youtube.com/usgs/live.

A HIGH SURF ADVISORY FOR KA'Ū'S EAST SHORES and up the coast has been issued by the National Weather Service through Friday evening. Areas affected include Upolu Point in North Kohala through the Hamakua Coast to South Point in Kaʻū. A High Surf Advisory means surf will be higher than normal, shore break, and dangerous currents can make swimming difficult and dangerous. "Beach-goers, swimmers, and surfers should exercise caution and heed all advice given by Ocean Safety Officials," is the advice of NWS.

See The Ka'u Calendar in the mail and in stands from Volcano
through Miloli'i. Also see stories daily on facebook and at


Wednesday, December 07, 2022

Kaʻū News Briefs, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022

Coral bleaching has brought much attention to the devastation of reefs as a source of food, recreation and coastal protection. This is National Corals Week, with a Coral Reef Sustainability Innovation Act introduced by Hawai'i members of Congress. Photo from NOAA

THE CORAL REEF SUSTAINABILITY THROUGH INNOVATION ACT was introduced by Sen. Mazie Hirono and Rep. Ed Case on Wednesday, during National Corals Week.  Hirono noted that "Coral reefs play an important role in Hawai'i's maritime ecosystems, serving as a source of food, a place for recreation and tourism, and a source for coastal protection." She pointed to a  U.S. Geological Survey study published in 2019 that estimated the flood protection value of coral reefs in Hawai'i alone at $836 million annually. Additionally, a study published by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration  in 2011 estimated the total economic value of Hawai'i coral reefs to the American people to be $33.57 billion.
A family of Hawaiian Dascyllus Damselfish, āloʻiloʻi, gather around a stressed 
cauliflower coral. Photo by Lindsey Kramer/Hawai'i Wildlife Fund
    The legislation directs the federal agencies that are members of the U.S. Coral Reef Task Force "to establish, individually or with one or more other agencies, a coral health prize competition in order to spur innovative solutions to preserve, sustain, and restore coral reef ecosystems at no additional cost to taxpayers." The text of the bill is also included in the Fiscal Year 2023 National Defense Authorization Act.
   The statement from Hirono said the measure is bipartisan and bicameral and would "help protect coral reef ecosystems in Hawai'i and across the nation from increasing threats such as climate change, pollution, and direct damage from humans. 
Corals reefs in danger. Photo from state Division of Aquatic Resources
  "Coral reefs are vital to Hawaii's environment, providing a rich habitat for marine life while helping to protect our coastlines and prevent flooding," said Hirono. "Decades of pollution and ocean warming caused by climate change have left corals in Hawai'i and around the world at risk of extinction. As we work to protect and restore coral reef ecosystems, this legislation will help incentivize innovation and inspire creative solutions to protect coral reefs, at no cost to taxpayers. I'll continue fighting to protect Hawaii's coral reefs and all of our natural resources for generations to come."
    Case said, "Healthy coral reef ecosystems provide the greatest biological diversity of all ecosystem types in the world. However, warmer-than-normal ocean temperatures are threatening their health and causing mass bleaching events, which cause corals to be more susceptible to disease and increase their chances of dying. Prize competitions that encourage public-private partnerships have an established record of jump-starting innovation to address our most complicated challenges. This measure will follow that model in determining the best solutions to the threats to our coral reef ecosystems and integrating them into our federal ocean management policy."
        The Hirono statement said "pollution, overfishing, and rising ocean temperatures are threatening the health of coral reefs in Hawai'i and around the world, as evidenced by an increase in the frequency and duration of global mass bleaching events in recent decades."
       For more on Corals Week, see https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/feature-story/celebrate-corals-week#:~:text=Corals%20Week%20is%20December%205,the%20reef%20habitats%20they%20create.&text=Coral%20reefs%20are%20the%20most,%2C%20sea%20turtles%2C%20and%20more.

Flood protection value of coral reefs in Hawai'i alone is estimated at $836 million annually.
Photo from NOAA

LAVA BREAKOUTS FROM FISSURE THREE have been observed high on Mauna Loa's Northeast Rift Zone, according to the Civil Defense report today. "The breakouts are expected to slightly slow the advancement of the main flow front of Fissure 3." Hawaiian Volcano Observatory reports that Fissure 3 on Mauna Loa's northeast rift continues to erupt lava and the flowfront is 1.8 miles from Daniel K. Inouye Highway, the Saddle Road, which remains open in both directions. "No communities are currently at risk." Civil Defense reminded that "all areas adjacent to Daniel K. Inouye Highway, Old Saddle Road, and near the lava flow are closed and prohibited from access to the public for your safety due to hazards."

 A morning overflight on Dec. 7, provided aerial views of fissure 3 erupting on the Northeast
Rift Zone of Mauna Loa. USGS image by M. Patrick
Pearl Harbor National Memorial on Dec. 7
NPS photo by L. Nowell

PEARL HARBOR DAY ON WEDNESDAY brought the order from the President of the United States and Gov. Josh B. Green to fly the U.S. and Hawaiʻi state flag at half-staff at the Hawaiʻi State Capitol and at all state offices and agencies, as well as the Hawaiʻi National Guard in the State of Hawaiʻi from sunrise until sunset on Wednesday, Dec. 7. Green said, "Today, the First Lady and I were able to honor in solemn remembrance at the Pearl Harbor National Memorial the sacrifices of the thousands of men and women who lost their lives on December 7, 1941, during an attack that shook Hawai'i and our nation." The U.S. President's proclamation can be found
at https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/presidential-actions/2022/12/06/a-proclamation-on-national-pearl-harbor-remembrance-day-2022-2022/. See the ceremonies on the Pearl Harbor National Memorial facebook at https://www.facebook.com/PearlHarborNPS/

Pearl Harbour memorial ceremonies on Wednesday in Honolulu. NPS Photo by L. Nowell
See The Ka'u Calendar in the mail and in stands from Volcano
through Miloli'i. Also see stories daily on facebook and at


Tuesday, December 06, 2022

Kaʻū News Briefs, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022

Hawai'i's First Lady Jaime Kanani Green and Gov. Josh Green, following his inauguration
to become Hawai'i's ninth governor on Monday. Photo from the Governor's Office
 GOV. JOSH GREEN PUT KAʻŪ AT THE TOP OF HIS INAUGURATION SPEECH ON MONDAY. As he began talking, he said, "More than 20 years ago, I started taking care of local families as a doctor in a small clinic on Big Island. The people of Nāʻālehu, Ocean View, Punalu'u, South Kona, and Volcano took me into their hearts and into their lives, and taught me the true meaning of aloha. I learned how people in Hawai'i take care of each other. I saw how local families, communities, and churches reach out to people who need help, and how we try to lift people up whenever we can. I also saw how difficult things could be for local families. Many of my patients didn’t have jobs. Too many people I cared for were fighting addiction, or wrestling with untreated mental illness. In Kaʻū, we didn’t have the resources we needed to fight these problems — so I ran for state representative to try to make a difference." Green represented Kona in the state House of Representatives and Senate and on Monday became the ninth Governor of the State of Hawai‘i.
Dr. Josh Green started as a physician in
Kaʻū and ran for state office in Kona.
This photo is from 2012 when he was
 a state Senator. Now he is Governor.
    During his swearing in ceremony in Honolulu, Green called for unification with Hawai‘i as "one ‘ohana – one family." The first press release issued from the new Governor's pressroom says, "With his work as a doctor on the Big Island and the years that followed as a member of the House of Representatives, the Senate, and as Lt. Governor, Green has seen the difficulties faced by local families.As Lt. Governor, Green began to address the homeless crisis inspired by the work at Kahauiki village, identifying land in Waimānalo and Kalaeloa to place a few tiny homes and create kauhale, or villages. This work will continue under his leadership as Governor, including plans to immediately authorize the release of the $50 million of grants-in-aid before the new year and outreach that has already begun with each of Hawai‘i’s mayors to build kauhale communities in every county."
    In his inaugural address, Green outlined plans to "unite the state towards a common purpose," His statement describes them as:
    "Empowering the Department of Hawaiian Homelands to deliver on the state’s commitment to Native Hawaiians by housing the thousands of Hawaiian families on the waiting list;
    "Addressing the healthcare disparities that affect the citizens of Hawai‘i;
    "Using scholarships to pay down loans that healthcare professionals like social workers, nurses, and doctors have accrued so they can afford to provide care for those in Hawai‘i who need it the most;
    "Eliminating regressive taxes, like the tax on food and medicine, which often disproportionately impacts those struggling to survive from paycheck to paycheck. Finding a path to restore justice to those who have lost their way and have been forgotten by the legal system, but do not deserve to be lost forever.
    "Addressing the effects of climate change on Hawai‘i and the planet, and reaching the state’s ambitious renewable energy goals.
    The new governor proclaimed, “When we come together, we can meet any challenge, and accomplish anything we set our minds to. We can set an example for the whole world on the issues of housing, homelessness, poverty, and climate change if we truly come together and commit to putting our values of
‘ohana and aloha into practice – and make them a reality for everyone in Hawai‘i.”
Then Lt. Gov Josh Green at Pāhala Community Center in July
of 2020 during a Covid update with then-Mayor Harry Kim.
Photo by Julia Neal
    Green was sworn in before approximately 1,000 people at the Neal S. Blaisdell Arena. Sylvia Luke was sworn in as Lt. Governor, becoming the first person of Korean ancestry elected to statewide office.
    Joining First Lady Jaime Kanani Green and the first family, were former Governors and First Ladies, Gov. George Ariyoshi and Jean Ariyoshi, Gov. John Waihe‘e and Lynne Waihe‘e, Gov. Linda Lingle, Gov. Neil Abercrombie and Dr. Nancie Caraway, and Gov. David Ige and Dawn Ige. Ali‘i trusts and royal societies were also present, including representatives from The Queen’s Health Systems, King William Charles Lunalilo Trust, The Kamehameha Schools, ‘Ahahui Ka‘ahumanu, Hale O Nā Ali ‘i, Māmakakaua, Daughters of Hawai‘i, and the Association of Hawaiian Civic Clubs.
     Click here to see Gov. Josh Green’s Inauguration speech.  Click here to see the Governor's entire
inauguration ceremony, speech and entertainment:  

HAWAI'I COUNTY'S NEXT POLICE CHIEF CANDIDATES ARE NARROWED TO FOUR. Hawaiʻi County Police Commission made the announcement Tuesday, after meeting on Nov. 18. Between then and now, one has withdrawn. The remaining four candidates are in alphabetical order:
    · Paul N. Applegate, Acting Assistant Chief, Patrol Services Bureau at the Kauaʻi Police Department.
    · Sherry D. Bird, Police Major, Area II Field Operations Bureau, at the Hawaiʻi Police Department.
    · Edward G. Ignacio, retired Senior Resident Agent for the Federal Bureau of Investigations, former Police Officer at the Hawaiʻi Police Department and Honolulu Police Department.
    · Benjamin T. Moszkowicz, Police Major, Traffic Division, at the Honolulu Police Department.
    The Commission will interview the finalists, and the community can provide input at two upcoming meetings. Both meetings will start at 9 a.m. The first meeting will be held in Hilo, on Monday, Dec. 12, at the Hawaiʻi County Building, Council Chambers, Suite #1401, 25 Aupuni Street, Hilo. The second will be held in Kona on Tuesday, Dec. 13 at the West Hawaiʻi Civic Center, Council Chambers, Building A, 74-5044 Ane Keohokalole Highway, Kailua-Kona.

 Dr. Michelle Reynolds and Slater, who found the fledgling
endangered petrel in Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park.
NPS Photo by C. Loebel-Fried
THE FIRST CONFIRMED NEST OF THE ENDANGERED NOCTURNAL SEABIRD, the 'ākeʻāke, located in Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park, has been revealed. Video shows the fluffy fledgling Hawaiian petrel emerging from its high-elevation burrow on Mauna Loa about a month before the eruption began, "an exciting first for Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park," reports HVNP.
    "The ʻākeʻāke burrow was detected in the park by a really good boy named Slater of Hawaiʻi Detector Dogs, under the guidance of trainer and handler Dr. Michelle Reynolds," says the Park statement. Biologist Charlotte Forbes Perry observed the chick inside its burrow after Slater sniffed it out in September – weeks before it emerged.
    "Biologists in the park have known of the presence of ʻākeʻāke on Mauna Loa since the 1990s. In 2019, ʻākeʻāke burrow calls were recorded during acoustic monitoring which indicated nesting. The lack of visual signs, like guano at their nest sites, make them extremely hard for humans to locate," Forbes Perry said. "We worked with Hawai'i Detector Dogs, and in two days, Slater located an ʻākeʻāke nest and three Hawaiian petrel nests," she said.
    Forbes Perry, a biologist with the University of Hawaiʻi Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit, and her team study seabirds in Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park under a permit from the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, an active partner on the project. After Slater discovered the nests, wildlife cameras were installed to monitor the burrows.
    'Ākeʻāke, also known as the band-rumped storm petrel (Oceanodroma castro), are small (adults weigh about as much as a golf ball) and are ash black with a wide white band on their squarish tail, according to the American Bird Conservancy. They nest on isolated islands but spend the rest of their lives at sea. The global population is estimated to be about 150,000 individuals, with about 240 pairs known in Hawaiʻi.
    Threats in Hawaiʻi include predation by non-native barn owls, cats and mongoose, and disorientation from artificial lights. Like ʻuaʻu (Hawaiian petrels), and other seabirds, ʻākeʻāke fly to their breeding sites
 ʻAkeʻāke, endangered storm petrel burrow in Hawai'i
Volcanoes National Park. NPS photo

in darkness.
    Slater and trainer/handler Reynolds were also part of the team that discovered a new ʻākeʻāke burrow at the U.S. Army Garrison Pōhakuloa Training Area in early September. The nests at PTA and Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park are the only documented ʻākeʻāke nests in Hawaiʻi.
    The ʻākeʻāke and ʻuaʻu burrows are protected within the park's 644-acre cat-proof fence and are not threatened by the current eruption of Mauna Loa volcano. People can help ensure the safety of seabirds by controlling their pets, especially cats, and using dark-sky friendly lighting. Bright urban lights disorient seabirds like ʻākeʻāke and ʻuaʻu.
    The Park statement says, "While many are transfixed by the eruption that began on Nov. 27, Forbes Perry and other conservationists are equally excited by the discovery of the ʻākeāke nest. "We are ecstatic by these finds, and detector dogs are an invaluable resource to help locate these elusive birds," she said.

DURING MAUNA LOA'S ERUPTION, HAWAI'I ARMY NATIONAL GUARD is partnering with County of Hawaiʻi to keep motorists and pedestrians safe in and around the Traffic Hazard Mitigation Route where people watch the lava flow. National Guard troops arrived Tuesday for a briefing with County officials related to their new post along the old Saddle Road. Approximately ten guardsmen will be posted for 12-hour shifts. A total of 20 guards have been sent to help respond to the increased traffic related to the eruption. "Their presence is expected as long as the need is there," said a statement from Hawai'i County.
    "Guardsmen are here to help with the increased traffic along our Traffic Hazard Mitigation Route," said
Hawai'i Army National Guard assists with traffic along
Saddle Road during the Mauna Loa eruption.
Photo from the Mayor's office
Maurice Messina, Director of Parks and Recreation. "They're here to be aloha ambassadors, ensuring that motorists remain on the appropriate roadway and out of restricted areas, especially as visibility lessens with the weather."
    "We're excited to have the Guardsmen here with us through our current response to the eruption," said Mayor Mitch Roth. "As more and more vehicles make their way through the mitigation route, it's imperative that we prioritize the safety of every person and vehicle on the roadway, which requires manpower that we just don't have on our own. Adequate response relies on the partnership, and we are honored to have great partners in our fellow State and Federal agencies who have stepped up in this time of need to be there for the Hawaiʻi Island community."

See The Ka'u Calendar in the mail and in stands from Volcano
through Miloli'i. Also see stories daily on facebook and at


Monday, December 05, 2022

Kaʻū News Briefs, Monday, Dec. 5, 2022

Kaʻū's new County Council member Michelle Galimba with daughter 'Ua at left and Makalapua
Alencastre, Ua's aunt. Photo by Brenda Iokepa-Moses
Kaʻū's new County Council member Michelle
Galimba with County Prosecuting Attorney
Kelden Waltjen. Photo by Tim Wright

KA'U'S NEW COUNTY COUNCIL MEMBER MICHELLE GALIMBA was sworn in Monday in Hilo, along with the other eight who will serve for the two year term. Galimba is the new Chair of the Policy Committee on Climate Resiliency & Regenerative Agriculture. She is Vice-Chair of the Committee on Legislative Approvals & Acquisitions.
    Her main office is in the County Building in Kona where she will work with continuing Legislative Assistant Dawn Manago, the longtime staffer of Maile David, and Council Aide Kea Loa. Galimba said that "Dawn is continuing from Maile and I am very happy to have her help."
    Galimba said, "I am very excited to be serving on such a dynamic and multi-talented council." She said, "I look forward to our working with our District 6 communities to make our beautiful district a better place to live for all."


County Council Chair Heather Kimbell, of Hamakua,
 left, and 
Vice-chair Holeka Inaba, right, of North
 Kona, welcomed Council member Michelle Galimba.
Photo by Brenda Iokepa Moses
    Department of Hawaiian Home Land's General Plan, updated every 20 years, establishes statewide policies that guide land management and programs over the next two decades. The Department last updated its General Plan in 2002.
    A DHHL statement says "DHHL's General Plan provides a comprehensive policy that ensures coordinated and integrated orderly social, physical, and economic development of Hawaiian Home Lands. It establishes goals and objectives that guide the implementation of the program. The plan is followed by detailed Island and Regional plans that are updated on a rotating basis and on their respective timetables.
    This document is a result of months of consultation with homesteaders and applicants on the Waiting List," said Deputy to the Chair Tyler Iokepa Gomes. "As we enter into the next 100 years of this program, it is critical that we have this foundation to chart the direction and use of trust lands to continue the work to fulfill Kūhiō's vision,"says the HHC statement. An HHC investigative committee was appointed at the August 2020 Commission meeting to oversee the process and met frequently over the 20-month planning period. In accordance with HRS § 9-2.5(b), the members of the investigative committee included Randy K. Awo, Russell K. Kaʻupu, Zachary Z. Helm, and Chair William J. Aila, Jr.
    Three rounds of multifaceted Beneficiary Consultation meetings were hosted virtually between 2021 and 2022 to provide background on the General Plan process and explore existing conditions and future policies related to a variety of topics, including Land Use, Water Resources, and Infrastructure; Housing and Food Production; and Healthy Communities and Natural/Cultural Resource Management; and
Michelle Galimba and Deputy Director of
 Department of Environmental Management
for Hawai'i County, Brenda Iokepa Moses.
Economic Development and Revenue Generation.
    As part of the Beneficiary Consultation process, DHHL also hosted eight statewide Open House events in August 2022 that provided 223 beneficiaries the opportunity to review and provide input on the building blocks developed out of the Beneficiary Consultation meetings that became the draft General Plan. All DHHL beneficiaries, with a valid mailing address, received an invitation to participate in the curation of the plan.
    The draft General Plan was formally opened for Beneficiary Comment in August 2022. In October 2022, the final draft of the plan was presented to HHC along with the report of the Commission's investigative committee. The final General Plan document was approved by HHC at its November 2022 meeting.
    To view the General Plan, or learn more about DHHL's planning system, visit dhhl.hawaii.gov/po/general-plan-2022.

WHY ARE PEOPLE ALLOWED TO BUILD IN HIGH LAVA RISK ZONES? That  is the focus of questions to county officials from Hawai'i Tribune Herald writer Nancy Cook Lauer. Her story in Monday's edition of the newspaper points to a 2020 study that shows much construction of houses, resorts, businesses and community buildings in high risk areas.
    The study includes a risk assessment with data that reports on all of Kaʻū's 653,292 acres. It shows that Kaʻū's Lava Zone 1, the most risky area for lava, has 52,198 of its 81,299 acres  developed. There is more land in Lava Zone 1 in Kaʻū than in any other district. One Lava Zone 1 area begins at the top of Mauna Loa and heads southwest past Ocean View to above South Point Road. The other begins at the summit of Kilauea Volcano and heads southwest, stopping short of Punalu'u.
    Kaʻū's Lava Zone 2, about 38 percent of Kaʻū, has 164,819 of its 247,214 acres developed. It runs all 
along the southwest coast of Kaʻū and heads up through Ocean View to the top of Mauna Loa.
    Kaʻū's Lava Zone 3 has 103,672 of its 192,131 acres developed. It includes Volcano Village, as well as Pahala and Punalu'u with the coffee lands, farms and ranches above them.
    There is no Lava Zone 4 in Kaʻū. It's all in Kona.
    Kaʻū has the only Lava Zone 5 and 6 on the island.
    Kaʻū's Lava Zone 5, has 4,640 of the 18,308 acres developed. It is along the coast near the Puna border.
    Kaʻū's Lava Zone 6, has 28,842 of the 114,292 acres developed. It includes Na'alehu and communities down to the coast on the east side of South Point. It also includes a large swath from the top of Mauna Loa to lands above Hwy 11 between Pahala and Volcano Village.
    Kaʻū has no Lava Zone 7, which is all in Hamakua and Hilo. It has no Lava Zone 8, which is all in South Kohala, Hamakua and Hilo, nor Lava Zone 9, which is in Hamakua, North Kohala and South Kohala.

ILLEGAL FENTANYL AND VEHICLE THEFT IN OCEAN VIEW are alleged by Prosecuting Attorney Kelden Waltjen who on Monday announced that an Ocean View man, 41 year-old Ross Richard Piper, was arrested and charged. The charged are for felony theft of a Hyundai Elantra and possession of fentanyl offenses.
    The Hyundai was originally reported stolen on Nov. 4, 2022 from an Ocean View business located off of Mamalahoa Highway. Piper made his initial appearance in Kona District Court on Friday, Dec. 2, 2022. Defense counsel’s motion for a bail reduction was granted over Prosecutors’ objection and Piper’s bail was reduced from $45,000.00 to $10,000.00. 
Richard Piper
    As the Complaint alleges, Piper was charged with Theft in the First Degree (exerting unauthorized control over a Hyundai Elantra without the owner’s permission with intent to deprive them of their property), Unauthorized Control of a Propelled Vehicle in the First Degree (exerting unauthorized control over another’s Hyundai Elantra without their consent), and Promoting a Dangerous Drug in the Third Degree (possessing any amount of fentanyl). 
    The most serious offense, Theft in the First Degree, is a class B felony which is punishable by a maximum penalty of ten years in prison or four years probation and up to eighteen months in jail. 
    The charges are merely allegations, and the Defendant is presumed innocent unless and until proven guilty. The case was initiated by Officers James Lorenzo and Xylon Takata, Kau Patrol, and the arrest was made by Officer Elijah Won, Kona Patrol. The felony investigation was handled by Detective Steven Grace, Area II Criminal Investigation Section, and Officer Chandler Nacino, Area II Vice Section, Hawai‘i Police Department. 
    The case is being prosecuted by Deputy Prosecuting Attorney Annaliese Wolf. The Office of the Prosecuting Attorney remains dedicated to the pursuit of justice with integrity and commitment. Anyone having information to assist local law enforcement should call Crime Stoppers at (808) 961-8300. 

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