About The Kaʻū Calendar

Ka`u, Hawai`i, United States
A locally owned and run community newspaper (www.kaucalendar.com) distributed in print to all Ka`u District residents of Ocean View, Na`alehu, Pahala, Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park, Volcano Village and Miloli`i on the Big Island of Hawai`i. This blog is where you can catch up on what's happening daily with our news briefs. This blog is provided by The Ka`u Calendar Newspaper (kaucalendar.com), Pahala Plantation Cottages (pahalaplantationcottages.com), Local Productions, Inc. and the Edmund C. Olson Trust.

Monday, August 08, 2022

Ka‘ū News Briefs, Monday, Aug. 8, 2022

Hawai'i Superintendent of Schools Keith Hayashi shakes hands with a Nāʻālehu Elementary student on Monday,
 when free school supplies were handed out to students. Photo by Iwalani Harris
THE SCHOOL SUPPLY SUBSIDY PROGRAM kicked off on Monday at Nāʻālehu Elementary School. State Sen. Dru Kanuha joined Hawai'i Public Schools Superintendent Keith Hayashi, Board of Education Member Kaimana Barcarse and school administrators at Nāʻālehu to celebrate the unveiling of the School Supply Subsidy Pilot Program. The program was established by a bill that Kahuna introduced for the past four years – SB2893 SD1 HD1 CD1, which has come to fruition.
Nāʻālehu Elementary was the inspiration and the launch site of 
the new School Supply Subsidy Pilot Program on Monday.
Photos by Iwalani Harris

    Kanuha said, "Through discussions with ‘ohana and teachers throughout Kona and Kaʻū, I am keenly aware of the difficulty many parents encounter in affording required school supplies, as well as the cost burden many of our teachers assume to purchase extra supplies for ‘ohana that can’t afford it themselves."
   As prescribed by SB2893, the newly-established program subsidizes cost of school supplies at all Hawai'i public schools composed entirely of students eligible for participation in Title I, Part A, of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, as amended by the Every Student Succeeds Act, which includes Hōnaunau Elementary, Ka‘ū High & Pahala Elementary and Nāʻālehu Elementary Schools in Senate District 3.
    Kanuha explained, "What started as an effort to offset costs on families in Nāʻālehu has become a statewide endeavor thanks to the leadership and advocacy of Senate Committee on Education Chair Sen. Michelle Kidani; House Committee on Education Chair Justin Woodson; as well as HIDOE and Hawai’i State Teachers Association advocates."
    He said he would also like to acknowledge the contributions of Senate Committee on Ways and Means Chair Sen. Donovan Dela Cruz and House Committee on Finance Chair Sylvia Luke for finding money in the budget to establish "what I hope to be a permanent program for Title I schools throughout our State. And of course Governor Ige for ultimately signing the bill in to law."
DOE leadership, political leaders and school staff at Nāʻālehu join keiki to receive free school supplies.
Photo by Iwalani Harris

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WITH HOMELESSNESS GROWING IN KA'U AND AROUND THE ISLAND, Shirley David has written an analysis, providing an example of homeless people interviewed to find out why.
She is a member of the Vibrant Hawai'i Committee on Homelessness and the West Hawaii Faith-Based Hui to End Family Homelessness and Community Alliance Partners. She writes:
    On May 19-20, 20 people were moved from their encampments along Kuakini Highway in front of the Kailua-Kona Aquatic Center into Hope Services emergency shelters. The encampments were the result of a sweep earlier in the month of those sleeping in the bushes at Kona’s Old Airport Park.
During the intake process, the outreach team learned that all 20 individuals were local residents from Hawai'i. Fourteen identified as Native Hawaiian, four as Caucasian, and two as African-American. Several had jobs. Most had lost their homes because the rent had become unaffordable, or as a result of family issues.
    The annual Point-in-Time Count held in January gives us an even larger snapshot of who are the homeless, and why they are living in places not meant for human habitation. On Jan. 23,
At home or homeless near Punalu'u Black Sand Beach in a tent at Ninole.
Photo by Julia Neal
there were 843 individuals in emergency shelters or living unsheltered islandwide. Sixty-six families were in shelters and 18 were unsheltered.
The two most stated reasons (55%) that led to being unsheltered were conflicts with family or with housemates and inability to pay rent. Others told volunteers that they had lost their jobs, had a medical emergency in the family, or had a chronic disability. Some told volunteers they suffered from mental illness, had been incarcerated, or had substance addictions. One person shared that his house burned down. Another lost his land; another was saving money to buy land. For a few people, living unsheltered was preferable to being housed in an unsafe living situation. When asked “Did you move to Hawai'i within the past year?” Ninety-two percent of those who responded said no.
    Although the Point-in-Time Count does not survey those who are sleeping on couches or in overcrowded housing, it’s important to consider them in conversations about housing policy. Many are on the precipice of losing their housing, and they live in circumstances that are harmful to their physical and mental health.
Shirley David works with Vibrant Hawai'i
and Saint Michael's on homelessness.
Photo from St. Michael's
    The count does not survey those camping out or sleeping in their cars on private property with the owner’s permission. If asked, the reasons for their homelessness will most likely mirror the reasons given by the other unsheltered. The count does not include those living in unsafe situations such as youth addicted to drugs by predictors who use the internet to groom them for the sex trade.
    With each response there is a story. You don’t have to be homeless to know that housing prices are skyrocketing, and inventory is at an all-time low. We all know people who moved away because their wages did not keep up with their rent or because their landlords sold the property, and they could not find anything in their price range. We all have family members who struggle with addictions or have lost everything due to a catastrophic illness.
    Moving homeless people off the streets, doorways and beaches only moves the problem around. In order to reduce homelessness, it is important for us to look at these documented reasons people are homeless. Then we can address each one of the reasons. There are no quick fixes. It takes perseverance, dedication, money, and political will.
    How can you help? You can help by supporting the efforts of our public officials who all know we do not have enough affordable housing and support services. You can help by insisting that our building code permit process is amended in a way that takes away roadblocks to affordable housing by lowering the cost of building. You can help by renting out your second homes long term if you are not using them. We all can help.
    David notes that Vibrant Hawai'i’s mission is to empower the Hawai'i community by increasing equitable opportunities, shifting deficit narratives and systems, and implementing strategies that are developed and resourced by the community and reflect native intelligence. To learn more, visit www.vibranthawaii.org. Over the past two years, Vibrant Hawai'i's dedication to multisector collaboration and partnership has formed and supported multisector working groups focused on community-led solutions to address complex issues affecting the community: economy, education, health and well-being, resilience hubs, and housing.

To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see www.facebook.com/kaucalendar. See latest print edition at wwwkaucalendar.com. See upcoming events at https://kaunewsbriefs.blogspot.com/2022/04/upcoming-events-for-kau-and-volcano.htm

Sunday, August 07, 2022

Ka‘ū News Briefs, Sunday, Aug. 7, 2022

Artist's conception of the multiple planet system, initially discovered with Gemini North optics. The art is used to 
explain the National Science Foundation's interest in funding TMT, with a public scoping meeting planned for this
Wednesday at Nāʻālehu Community Center from 6 p.m. to 8 p.m. Gemini Observatory Artwork by Lynette Cook

THE TWENTY METER TELESCOPE MEETING IN NĀ’ALEHU THIS WEDNESDAY is preceded by an explanation online regarding National Science Foundation's decision to seek public input to determine whether to further fund TMT. The scoping meeting will be held at Nāʻālehu Community Center on Wednesday, Aug. 10 from 6 p.m. to 8 p.m..
    NSF poses the question, "Why is NFS considering funding a new telescope? NFS states, "The field of astronomy is entering a new era. In the next two decades, a new class of telescope — known as Extremely Large Telescopes — can be built with capabilities well beyond that of space-based telescopes.
    "These new telescopes will explore the signatures of life on other worlds, answering fundamental questions about humans' place in the universe: Is there other life out in the vast expanse of space? Are there other worlds with life that future generations can explore?
    "NSF is considering a potential future investment in the construction and operations of an Extremely Large Telescope in the Northern Hemisphere, the Thirty Meter Telescope. NSF understands that the possible construction of this telescope on Maunakea, Hawai‘i Island, Hawai'i, is a sensitive issue that requires extensive engagement and understanding of various viewpoints.
    "NSF will not make a funding decision until after it considers the following: Public input; the environmental review of the telescope; the project's technical readiness; the project proponent's management capabilities; the availability of federal funding; and the telescope's alignment with other NSF priorities."
    NSF also states: "A decision by NSF not to go forward with an investment in the construction and operations of the Thirty Meter Telescope could be made at any time, including before the environmental review process has concluded."

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HAWAI'I'S U.S. SENATORS VOTED YES DURING THE PASSAGE OF THE INFLATION REDUCTION ACT on Sunday. The legislation aims to lower costs for families by investing billions in renewable energy, allowing Medicare to negotiate prescription drug prices, extending the enhanced Affordable Care Act subsidies, and requiring wealthy corporations to pay their fair share in taxes.
    "The Inflation Reduction Act is a historic investment in our families, our climate, and our future. From tackling inflation, to combating climate change, to making health care and prescription drugs more affordable, this bill makes meaningful progress on some of the most pressing challenges families in Hawaii are facing, all while ensuring working families don't pay a cent more in taxes," said Sen. Mazie Hirono. "In order to reduce the deficit, this legislation also closes outrageous tax loopholes that have allowed the largest corporations to avoid paying anything in taxes. Once again, Democrats delivered for our families while Republicans sat on their hands."
     More information on the health care in the bill is available from Hirono at: https://www.hirono.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/IRA%20-%20Health%20FINAL.pdf.          
More information on the climate provisions in the bill is available at: https://www.hirono.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/IRA%20-%20Climate%20FINAL.pdf.        
More information on the tax provisions in the bill is available at: https://www.hirono.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/IRA%20-%20Taxes%20FINAL.pdf.

    Sen. Brian Schatz said, “This is a historic victory for the United States and the planet. We have met the ambition this crisis requires, and passed the biggest climate action in American history. By investing in clean energy, clean transportation, and climate-smart manufacturing, we’ll cut emissions 40 percent by the end of the decade. And we’re going to pay for it all by making billion-dollar corporations finally pay their fair share of taxes. We’re also lowering the cost of prescription drugs for seniors and making health care more affordable – all while saving taxpayer dollars.”

    Schatz pointed out that investing in residential clean energy, the bill extends residential clean energy credit for ten years at the full 30 percent rate, which Hawai‘i residents can use for rooftop solar and battery storage purchases. It gives Hawai‘i residents access to $9 billion in new rebates for home electrification. It revises the expired energy efficiency home improvement credit and increasing its limit from $500 lifetime to $1,200 annually per taxpayer, which Hawai‘i residents can use for heat pumps, doors and windows, home energy audits, and other efficiency upgrades. It revives the expired tax credit for new energy-efficient homes.

To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see www.facebook.com/kaucalendar. See latest print edition at wwwkaucalendar.com. See upcoming events at https://kaunewsbriefs.blogspot.com/2022/04/upcoming-events-for-kau-and-volcano.htm

James Yamaki heads up this year's Kaʻū High Alumni & Friends
Reunion on Sunday, Aug. 21 at Pāhala Community Center.
Photo by Julia Neal
KA'Ū HIGH ALUMNI & FRIENDS ANNUAL REUNION IS LIVE on Sunday, Aug. 21. from 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. at Pāhala Community Center. All are welcome; just bring a potluck dish. A message from organizers says, "The County has eased COVID-19 rules to allow the public to meet for social gatherings at the center. This is the 19th potluck reunion. The potluck was canceled the last two years due to the corona virus pandemic."
    Chase Cabudol and Calvin Ponce are featured entertainers. "Their music will give the reunion an air of festivity. Their upbeat tempo is conducive for dancing," said organizer James Yamaki. "Past potluck reunions have been a showcase of Kaʻū talent and this year is no exception. Expect the unexpected."
Chase Cabudol. Photo by Julia Neal
    He said that this year's reunion is informal and set up for participation by the broader community. The potluck reunion is held annually on the Sunday of the Statehood Admission Day weekend. It is designed so that classes can hold their own reunions during the weekend and wrap them up by joining the other alumni and friends at the Sunday gathering. He said, "Younger alumni are encouraged to attend to keep the tradition going."
    The class of 1958, which started this annual gathering in 2002, is hosting this year's event. Yamaki is in charge, assisted by registration chair Richard Fujioka and food-line coordinator Mary Gravel Peralta. Assisting are Ernest Kalani, entertainment; Lovey Gerantz, decoration, publicity and program and Ju Ann Kai, assisting with the program. Lisa Dacalio has been the featured artist creating whimsical posters publicizing the annual events. Her poster is of Punalu'u Beach.

To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see www.facebook.com/kaucalendar. See latest print edition at wwwkaucalendar.com. See upcoming events at https://kaunewsbriefs.blogspot.com/2022/04/upcoming-events-for-kau-and-volcano.htm

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Saturday, August 06, 2022

Ka‘ū News Briefs, Saturday, Aug. 6, 2022

Volunteers and school staff clear an area for native plants and a culinary greenhouse at Kaʻū High 
& Pāhala Elementary on Saturday. Photo by Jennifer Makuakane

THE SECOND KA'Ū HIGH COMMUNITY GARDEN WORKDAY AND FIFTH ANNUAL HAWAI'I ISLAND FOOD SUMMIT welcomed Jodie Rosam to the Pāhala campus as guest presenter on Saturday with her knowledge of the wiliwili tree. She explained how to propagate the native trees, which are known for their red and orange blossoms and their popularity among native Hawaiians for making lei.

Jody Rosam, left, teaches about the propagation
of wiliwili trees. Photo by Jennifer Makuakane

    Rosam spoke about the natural history and ecology of wiliwili: where they live, how they grow, where to find them in Kaʻū. She explained that wiliwili is drought-deciduous (it drops its leaves during the dry season). The showy orange, red, salmon, peach, light green, yellow, or even white flowers bloom during the summer months after the leaves drop, and the nearly heart-shaped leaflets emerge in threes during the fall. Wiliwili can grow quite large, exceeding 45 feet tall with an impressively wide crown. Wili means to twist, screw, or wind, and wiliwili means repeatedly twisted, referring to the seed pods that twist to expose the bright, coral colored seeds. Rosam told participants about threats to the wiliwilli, including fire, habitat loss, the gall wasp that almost wiped them out in the early 2000s.  
The wiliwili. Art by Joan Yoshioka
    She shared moʻolelo about wiliwili and the four sisters at Paʻula in Kaunāmano, and also shared the ʻōlelo noʻeau. Finally, each participant was able to fill a pot with media, learn to scarify the seed, and plant it to bring home along with growing instructions.
    After Rosam's presentation, volunteers cleared and cleaned the lower field at the school to prepare for the native Hawaiian garden and culinary greenhouse. Both areas will be part of the middle school students' project this coming year.
    Kaʻū High & Pāhala Elementary released a statement thanking the Hawaiʻi Island School garden Network team, Zoe Kosmas of HISIGN lead, Jody Rosam and Stacey Breining of Hawaiʻi Wildlife Fund, Hawaiʻi Island Food Alliance, Hawaiʻi Island Food Basket, County of Hawaiʻi, and state Department of Health.
    The school also sent a mahalo to Āina Akamu and Jennifer Makuakane of its Kaʻū Global Learning Academy, its Farm Manager Jesse Denny and "hardworking volunteers."
    See more from Rosam on the wiliwili in the September 2021 edition of The Ka'u Calendar and in Ka'u News Briefs at  http://kaunewsbriefs.blogspot.com/2021_09_06_archive.html
The wiliwili tree, a species almost wiped out by a wasp in the early 2020s, can be propagated
from its seeds. Photo from Hawai'i Department of Agriculture

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KILAUEA'S SUMMIT LAVA LAKE CONTINUES TO BE QUIETLY REMARKABLE is the headline for this week's Volcano Watch, written by scientists and associates of USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory:
    In fact, the slow and steady lava lake activity in Halemaʻumaʻu crater has been quite fascinating, so it deserves another Volcano Watch visit.
    The first thing to appreciate is that we are witnessing a pattern that has typified Kīlauea’s summit behavior for centuries—the cycle of collapse and refilling. The caldera floor collapses and/or subsides—often due to an eruption on the rift zone—and subsequent summit eruptions fill the depression with new lava. Destruction and reconstruction, set on repeat.
    Numerous cycles of collapse and refilling occurred during the 1800s and early 1900s. These ranged from large to small, some spanning much of the caldera floor, with others limited to just the Halemaʻumaʻu area. In each instance, lava eventually returned to the summit and filled much or all of the depression.
    The collapse of the crater floor in 2018 was one of the largest such events in the past 200 years. Over the past year and a half, lava has been erupting in Halemaʻumaʻu crater and slowly refilling the new
Lava lake activity continues in Halema‘uma‘u, at the summit of Kīlauea. This photo looks east, and shows that the lake surface is composed of large crustal plates separated by incandescent spreading zones, with spattering along the east margin. The lake and the surrounding crater floor, formed by solidified lava, are being gradually uplifted due to endogenous lava supply beneath the surface. USGS photo by M. Patrick
depression. Since returning to Halemaʻumaʻu in December 2020, lava has refilled about 17% of the volume of the 2018 collapse.
    Watching the current activity is like having a time machine to an earlier century on Kīlauea.
    The second thing that is interesting about the current activity is the manner in which the lava is refilling the crater. In the simplest scenario, we might imagine the lava in Halemaʻumaʻu simply pouring in over earlier flows, stacking up and filling the crater.
    While a portion of the refilling is being done in this manner, a major amount of the refilling is
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“endogenous.” In other words, lava from the vent is supplied beneath the solidified surface crust, out of view, lifting the crater floor. It’s akin to inflating a giant air mattress.
    We can track this growth with unprecedented detail using modern tools. A continuous laser rangefinder measures the lava surface every second, with centimeter precision. Webcams operating on the rim of Halemaʻumaʻu show the nature of uplift clearly.
    The process of endogenous growth is particularly well illustrated with the webcam on the east rim of Halemaʻumaʻu (the B1cam). Timelapse images from this webcam show the central portion of the crater floor is being lifted like a piston, intact and largely without fracturing.
    The active lava lake—forming a relatively small portion of the crater floor—has essentially been lifted up gradually with the remainder of the crater floor. The laser rangefinder shows short-term fluctuations in the level of the active lava in the lake, superimposed on a gradual upward trend of the crater floor due to this slow uplift.
    Around the perimeter of this central portion of the crater floor, a series of large cracks have developed. Beyond the cracks, along the margins of the crater floor, the behavior is more complex than simple piston-like uplift. This outer region is often tilted and deformed from the endogenous growth below.
    At the same time, this zone along the margins of the crater floor is often resurfaced due to ooze-outs—basically lava that is squeezed out from beneath the crater floor, onto the surface.
    This type of endogenous growth, or “bodily uplift,” was also observed in the 1800s and early 1900s. But it hasn’t been observed so much in the past hundred years on Kīlauea. And it certainly hasn’t been observed this clearly before, given our modern tools such as laser rangefinders and webcams.
    You can bear witness to this important phase in the lifecycle of Kīlauea, and a fascinating period in Hawaiian volcanism. Volcano watchers on the Island of Hawaiʻi can see the summit lava lake filling Halemaʻumaʻu crater by visiting the public viewing areas in Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park. For those off-island, Hawaiian Volcano Observatory webcams showing the lake and crater are operating 24/7 on the HVO website (www.usgs.gov/hvo).

To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see www.facebook.com/kaucalendar. See latest print edition at wwwkaucalendar.com. See upcoming events at https://kaunewsbriefs.blogspot.com/2022/04/upcoming-events-for-kau-and-volcano.htm

COMMUNICATING WITH EMPATHY is the topic of this month's Kuʻikahi Mediation Center Brown Bag Lunch event on August 18 as part of its Finding Solutions, Growing Peace series. Talks are Third Thursdays from noon to 1 p.m. via Zoom. This month's speaker is Anne Marie Smoke on the topic Communicating with Empathy: The Path to Seeing More Deeply.
        "How can we engage in communication that will help to establish a deeper connection with others?" asks Smoke.
Anne Marie Smoke, Appellate Mediation Program
Administrator for Center for Alternative Dispute
Resolution, Hawai'i State Judiciary.
    "Empathy development includes emotional intelligence techniques such as perspective taking, staying out of judgement, recognizing someone's emotions, and communicating understanding." The talks is designed for participants to take away tools to practice empathic communication in daily life.
    Smoke is Appellate Mediation Program Administrator and Trainer for Center for Alternative Dispute Resolution at the Hawaiʻi State Judiciary. She holds a graduate certificate in conflict resolution and MS in Travel Industry Management (sustainable tourism), is a facilitator for multiple policy-development and strategic planning initiatives, and has 17 years of training experience including teaching conflict management practices.
    Kuʻikahi's Brown Bag Lunch Series is free and open to the public. Attendees are encouraged to enjoy an informal and educational talk-story session and connect with others interested in Finding Solutions, Growing Peace. To get the Zoom link, register online at https://freebrownbagtalk.eventbrite.com.

To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see www.facebook.com/kaucalendar. See latest print edition at wwwkaucalendar.com. See upcoming events at https://kaunewsbriefs.blogspot.com/2022/04/upcoming-events-for-kau-and-volcano.htm