THE FORTY-SIXTH U.S. PRESIDENT-ELECT, JOE BIDEN, promised to serve all Americans, from Trump supporters to moderates and progressives, as he made his acceptance speech Saturday night: "Folks, the people of this nation have spoken. They've delivered us a clear victory, a convincing victory for we the people. We've won with the most votes ever cast for a presidential ticket in the history of the nation. Seventy-four million." The number has since exceeded 75 million,
|A light show featuring choreographed drones flashing lights to spell out |
46 to indicate the announcement of the election of the
46th U.S. President-Elect, Joe Biden.
Rep. Tulsi Gabbard, herself a presidential contender in the primary, posted to social media, "Joe, congratulations on your election. You promised to be president not just of those who voted for you but for those who didn't. Now it is time for unity & healing. You have the grave responsibility to do your best to make that happen. May God be with you in this noble endeavor."
|President-Elect Joe Biden with Sen. Mazie Hirono. FB photo |
|Vice President-Elect Kamala Harris with Sen. Mazie Hirono and supporters. |
In a statement before his speech, Biden said it's time for the U.S. "to put the anger and the harsh rhetoric behind us and come together as a nation. There's nothing we can't do if we do it together."
|Biden is the name spelled out by a dance troupe of tiny drones in the sky, |
directed from the ground at the President-Elect speech Saturday.
|Drones in the sky spell out President-Elect for the Joe Biden speech accompanying his presidential victory on . |
Saturday. The event took place in Delaware.
To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter. See our Fresh Food on The Kaʻū Calendar and our latest print edition at kaucalendar.com.
The cost is borne by Hawai‘i County via Federal CARES Act funding.
|Fungicide spraying and avoiding contamination spread are ways to fight |
Coffee Leaf Rust once it infects an area. Kona and Hilo have suspected
cases, and Maui is confirmed. Photo from Dept. of Ag
|Coffee Leaf Rust threatens the coffee industry in Hawaiʻi. |
Photo from worldcoffeeresearch.org
New webpage for Coffee Leaf Rust: hawaiicoffeeed.com/clr.html.
Clear photos of the upper and lower surfaces of leaves with potential CLR can be sent to Kawabata. Do not bring suspected CLR leaf samples to the Extension Office – photos only. Contact Kawabata via text 415-604-1511 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Kawabata also asks that any suggestions on additional publications on CLR be sent to her for review and posting. See her CLR resource page.
THE U.S. REPORTED MORE THAN 100,000 COVID CASES for the fourth day in the eight days, at 122,075. The cumulative COVID-19 case count in the U.S. is more than 9,849,420 – about 19.5 percent of worldwide cases. The death toll is more than 237,125 – about 19 percent of worldwide deaths – more than 1,000 new deaths each day for the last five days.
Onset of COVID-19 cases in the last 28 days, by zip code. Gray
areas have populations less than 1,000. White is zero cases.
Yellow is one to 10 cases. Light orange is 11-50 cases. Dark
orange is 51-200 cases. Department of Health map
New cases reported statewide today total 128, with 108 on Oʻahu, two on Maui, two on Kauaʻi, and five residents diagnosed out-of-state.
Since the pandemic began, 48 deaths have been reported on Hawaiʻi Island by Hawaiʻi Civil Defense. At least 220 people have died in the state, according to state records, one new today.
Since the pandemic began, there have been 15,819 total COVID cases in the state. Oʻahu has reported 13,704 total cases, Maui 423, Lanaʻi 106, Molokaʻi 17, and Kauaʻi 71. Residents diagnosed while out-of-state,112. Statewide, 1,157 people have been hospitalized since the pandemic began.
No new cases have been reported in the last 28 days for Volcano zip codes 96785 and 96718, and Kaʻū zip codes 96772 and 96777. In the last 28 days, less than ten active cases have been reported in Kaʻū zip code 96737, and 96704, which includes Miloliʻi.
In Hilo zip code 96720, 24 cases have been reported in the last 28 days. In Kona zip code 96740, 103 cases have been reported. In zip code 96743 – which includes Waikoloa, Kawaihae, Waimea, Puako, Waikui, and Akona – 13 cases have been reported in the last 28 days. In Pepeʻekeo zip code 96783, 29 cases have been reported in the last 28 days.
See the Hawaiʻi County COVID-19 webpage. Report violators of COVID-19 safety protocols or quarantine to non-emergency at 935-3311. Hawaiʻi Island police continue enforcement of preventative policies.
USING CUTTING EDGE TECHNIQUES TO MONITOR KĪLAUEA'S HOT WATER LAKE is the focus of this week's Volcano Watch, written by U.S. Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientists and affiliates. This week's article is by HVO technician Frank Younger:
Innovative Monitoring of Kīlauea's Summit Water Lake
Famous for glowing red lava and billowing volcanic plumes, Halema‘uma‘u has long inspired poets, painters and photographers to find meaning in the color and light of this dynamic landscape.
Today, Kīlauea's current phase of activity has inspired volcanologists to experiment with cutting edge techniques to understand the dynamic colors and patterns of Halema‘uma‘u’s newest feature: a steaming hot water lake.
|An HVO scientist tests a colorimeter instrument on the water lake within |
Halema‘uma‘u, at Kīlauea's summit. Colorimetry is the measurement
of the wavelength and intensity of light. USGS photo by M. Patrick
HVO uses Unoccupied Aircraft Systems (UAS, or "drones") to collect water samples, the chemical analyses of which are snapshots of lake composition. Visual and thermal cameras keep constant watch on the lake surface and the hot fumaroles surrounding it. LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) helps to reveal the lake's growing form. A Digital Elevation Model (DEM) is integrated with frequent water level measurements to calculate lake depth, volume, and inflow rate. These quantitative data sets are complemented by the written accounts of HVO scientists, who document their first-hand observations in field logs.
The lake gives strong impressions of color, pattern, and motion. When it first emerged, it was described as a pond of milky turquoise water. Later, it developed yellow hues and green shoreline margins. Today, the lake surface has lobes of rust orange water over expanses of deep brown, with patches of light brown and tan. Elongated green inflows emerge from the rocky shoreline, along which several ruddy spots have recently upwelled.
The water surface is a mosaic in constant motion, a scene that changes by the minute and hour. Sharply defined color boundaries are often seen, accompanied by more subtle gradients and mixing. The patchwork waters may indicate zones of distinct temperature and dissolved constituents, and their movement is likely driven by differentials of density, wind, and fresh groundwater inflow.
|The colorful caldera lake at Kīlauea summit. The view is from the western |
rim of Halema‘uma‘u crater, 1900 ft (580 m) above the water surface,
in a restricted area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park.
USGS photo by M. Patrick on Aug. 25.
Colorimeters are more commonly used in industries like food processing and textile manufacturing than in volcanology. Colorimetry is the measurement of the wavelength and intensity of light. The quantification of color can be divided in two parts. Brightness, or luminicity, is the quantity of light that is reflected, emitted from, or passes through an object. Chromaticity is a measurement of hue and colorfulness, independent of brightness. Colorimetry relates these variables to the human eye's sensation of color, and to our judgement of the physical stimulus of light.
In the field, scientists make broad visual observations, then sight the colorimeter at a point of interest. The record of chromaticity and brightness builds upon hydrologic and geologic data sets, contributing insight that may help link other remote observations. Analysis of the colorimetry data from this experimental technique may help scientists explain the dynamic colors seen at the Halema‘uma‘u lake.
Lake color changes may possibly even signal changing volcanic conditions beneath the watery depths. Water color and appearance changes have been observed at other active crater lakes around the world. For example, at Aso Volcano in Japan in 2003, Yudamari lake changed from blue green to solid green before an eruption occurred at the lake bottom.
While we don't know if the water lake within Halema‘uma‘u would have a similar color change prior to an eruption, it is a potential indicator that HVO scientists will be looking for and tracking as part of routine monitoring in the post-2018 collapse era of Kīlauea activity.
Discovered in July of 2019, the lake in Halema‘uma‘u began as a small, green pond. USGS photos
Volcano Activity Updates
Kīlauea Volcano is not erupting. Its USGS Volcano Alert level remains at NORMAL (https://www.usgs.gov/natural-hazards/volcano-hazards/about-alert-levels). Kīlauea updates are issued monthly.
Kīlauea monitoring data for the month of October show variable but typical rates of seismicity and ground deformation, low rates of sulfur dioxide emissions, and only minor geologic changes since the end of eruptive activity in September 2018. The water lake at the bottom of Halema‘uma‘u continues to slowly expand and deepen. For the most current information on the lake, see https://www.usgs.gov/volcanoes/kilauea/k-lauea-summit-water-resources.
Mauna Loa is not erupting and remains at Volcano Alert Level ADVISORY. This alert level does not mean that an eruption is imminent or that progression to eruption from current level of unrest is certain. Mauna Loa updates are issued weekly.
This past week, about 42 small-magnitude earthquakes were recorded beneath the upper-elevations of Mauna Loa; most of these occurred at shallow depths of less than 8 kilometers (about 5 miles). Global Positioning System measurements show long-term slowly increasing summit inflation, consistent with magma supply to the volcano's shallow storage system. Gas concentrations and fumarole temperatures as measured at both Sulphur Cone and the summit remain stable. Webcams show no changes to the landscape. For more information on current monitoring of Mauna Loa Volcano, see: https://www.usgs.gov/volcanoes/mauna-loa/monitoring.
There were three events with three or more felt reports in the Hawaiian Islands during the past week: a M2.6 earthquake 6 km (3 mi) N of Wai‘ōhinu at 0 km (0 mi) depth on Nov. 3 at 6:40 a.m., a M3.5 earthquake 9 km (5 mi) ENE of Pāhala at 30 km (18 mi) depth on Nov. 2 at 1:47 a.m., and a M2.9 earthquake 1 km (0 mi) W of Pāhala at 34 km (21 mi) depth on Oct. 31 at 8:25 a.m.
HVO continues to closely monitor both Kīlauea and Mauna Loa for any signs of increased activity.
Visit HVO's website for past Volcano Watch articles, Kīlauea and Mauna Loa updates, volcano photos, maps, recent earthquake info, and more. Email questions to askHVO@usgs.gov.
|Men from Mexico City who dance Tahitian arrived in Pāhala last year with |
a troupe of some 40 members of Ballet Bali Hai. Photo by Julia Neal
Making poi at last year's Hoʻokopu No Kaʻū Cultural Festival.
Photo by Julia Neal
|A keiki dancer and singer watches on as Shona Lam Ho's |
hālau performs last year. Photo by Julia Neal
Cultural demonstrations included making poi by hand on stone poi pounders, and preparing kukui nuts and sea salt. Hawaiian medicine and nutritious food for heart health were on display. Kiko Johnson-Kitagawa, of Honuʻapo, displayed his outrigger canoe. Expert Wally Ito and Pam Lota Fujii helped educate the public about local seaweed and the limu's nutritional and cultural value. Crafts for sale included handmade Polynesian drums by the master, Ika Vea, and lei from the kumu of Hoʻomakaʻi.
Among those who attended were Mayor Harry Kim and Kaʻū-Keaʻau-Pāhoa District School Superintendent Keoni Farias. Both said they were inspired by the Hawaiian culture presented at the festival.
free, with 7,500 distributed on stands and to all postal addresses throughout
Kaʻū, from Miloliʻi through Volcano throughout the district. Read online at
business or your social cause, contact email@example.com.
Daily, weekly, and monthly recurring Kaʻū and Volcano Events, Meetings, Entertainment, Exercise, Meditation, and more are listed at kaucalendar.com.
Veterans Day Ceremony and Dinner, Kīlauea Military Camp, Wednesday, Nov. 11. Ceremony held live on KMC Facebook page at 3 p.m. Veterans Day Dinner at Crater Rim Café, located in Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park, 4 p.m. to 7 p.m. Reservations required, limited number of complimentary meals available. Call 967-8371 for either Dine-In or Grab & Go.
Attend virtual workshops: Virtual: Carbon Market Information Expo will be held Tuesday, Nov. 10 at 4 p.m. Essential Resources for Essential Workers will be held Thursday, Nov. 12 at 4 p.m. The Squeeze Chute - Examining Market Concentration in our Fragile Food System(s) will be held Tuesday, Nov. 17 at 4 p.m.
Hawaii Theatre will offer a SHOP LOCAL items for sale page. Vendors must be registered for the convention in order to sell items on the SHOP LOCAL page. By submitting a request to publish the information and sell the item, sellers agree that 15 percent of the total sale will be retained as a commission and 4 percent will be retained to cover transaction fees by Hawaiʻi Theatre Center. Sellers must include shipping and handling, and 4.167% GET, in the cost for the item. Sellers are responsible for shipping items to purchasers and paying GET. Hawaiʻi Theatre will provide sellers with the purchaser's shipping information within 24 hours of purchase. Use this link to enter each individual item for sale.
Registered for the convention at hfuu.org.
Give Input on Cleaning up the Former Quarry Firing Range in Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park. Engineering evaluation and cost analysis will address surface soils impacted with heavy metals. The EE/CA document is available through Dec. 1. Executive Summary of the EE/CA and the Community Involvement Plan are available online at parkplanning.nps.gov/projectHome.cfm?parkId=307&projectID=92898. View them in person, by appointment only – call 808-985-6073 – at Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park Headquarters Building, 1 Crater Rim Drive, in the Park, weekdays, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Electronically submit comments via the website above or writing to Ms. Danielle Foster at firstname.lastname@example.org or Environmental Protection Specialist, Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park, P.O. Box 52, Hawaiʻi National Park, HI 96718.
The state's Med-Quest provides eligible low-income adults and children access to health and medical coverage through managed care plans.
Island of Hawaiʻi YMCA helps through Shon Araujo at 808-854-0152 and Carrie Fernandez at 808-854-0256. West Hawaiʻi Community Center assists through Beonka Snyder at 808-327-0803, Tina Evans at 808-640-8587, Charles Kelen at 808-491-9761, and Walter Lanw at 808-785-8201. Hawaiʻi Island HIV/AIDS Foundation helps through Rachelle Hanohano at 808-896-5051, Paul Thome at 858-876-5154, Melani Matsumoto at 808-854-1877, and Jennifer Reno-Medeiros at 808-333-6443.
New Operating Hours for Ocean View Transfer Station are Mondays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. HI-5 deposit beverage container collection will continue as usual on Saturdays only, 8 a.m. to 3 p.m. Visit hawaiizerowaste.org website or call 961-8270.
St. Jude's Episcopal Church services and worship are posted online at stjudeshawaii.org. Join the Aloha Hour via Zoom at 11 a.m. on Sundays, here, Meeting ID: 684 344 9828, Password: Aloha. Weekly hot meals, hot showers, the computer lab, and in-person services and bible studies are suspended.
Read Report on Public Input about Disaster Recovery from damage during the 2018 Kīlauea eruption. View the Civic Engagement and Comment Analysis Report here.
Food Pickup through Hope DIA-mend Ministries, weekdays, 5 p.m. in the Ace parking lot in Ocean View and lunches on Mondays. In Nāʻālehu, meals distributed in front of old Nāʻālehu Theatre at 4 p.m.
Yoga with Emily Catey Weiss, Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, 8 a.m. to 9 a.m. at Volcano Art Center Niʻaulani Campus in Volcano Village. Advanced registration required; $5 per class. volcanoartcenter.org/events, 967-8222
Program to Sell Produce and Meats on Hawaiʻi Island from commercial farmers and livestock producers on Hawai‘i Island for distribution to families in need. Learn more.
Read About Seed Biodiversity for Hawaiʻi's Local Food System in It all Begins...and Ends with Seed, where Education and Outreach Coordinator Nancy Redfeather shares her insights. Read the blog.
Find Rangeland Management Resources at globalrangelands.org/state/hawaii. Subscribe to the newsletter to receive updates.