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Friday, November 12, 2021

Ka‘ū News Briefs, Friday, Nov. 12, 2021

The new Nāʻālehu Public Library building will open with music and refreshments this Monday.
Photo by Na`alehu Public Library Branch Manager Sara Kamibayashi

THE PUBLIC IS INVITED TO THE OPENING OF THE NEW NA'ALEHU LIBRARY building this Monday, Nov. 15 from 1 p.m. to 4 p.m. Nāʻālehu Public Library Branch Manager Sara Kamibayashi said 
that music and light refreshments will be offered.

Sara Kamibayashi, left, will welcome the public to the new Nāʻālehu Library
building this Monday at 1 p.m. Above she was honored as 2018 Librarian of the
Year for the entire State of Hawai'i. Photo from Friends of Hawai'i Library
    A part of the Hawai'i State Public Library System, Nāʻālehu's hours going forward will be Mondays from 9 a.m. to noon and 1 p.m. to 4 p.m, as well as Fridays from noon to 4 p.m.
    Kamibayashi was named 2018 Librarian of the Year for the entire state. A statement from The Friends of Hawaiʻi Library said, "Sara Kamibayashi is anything but quiet! She is a warm and welcoming force at the smallest library branch, Nāʻālehu Public Library on the Big Island. Kamibayashi is originally from Virginia and came to Hawaiʻi to volunteer at Volcanoes National Park, where she met her husband. In 2008, she earned her Masters of Library Science and became a full-time librarian in 2013. Through her willingness to dress up and to try new programs, she is making sure her small branches are well used and full of excitement."
    For Monday's opening, Kamibayashi noted: "As a State facility we are subject to the Governor's Executive Order requiring proof of a COVID-19 vaccine (second shot administered at least two weeks beforehand), or negative results from a COVID-19 test taken in the last 72 hours. We are still able to assist those who cannot enter the facility. We encourage folks to call us for more information at (808) 939-2442."

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TEDx COUNTY OF HAWAI'I LAUNCHES SATURDAY at 11 a.m. The County sent out a reminder to the public on Friday, stating the event is "Where Local Insights Can Grow Global Solutions." Speakers are: Dr. Greg Asner; Celeste Connors; John De Fries; Brandon Jirō Hayashi MSc, CEM; Robert K. Iopa; Dr. Katie L. Kamelamela; Dr. Cliff Kapono; Kekuhi Kealiikanakaoleohaililani; Mahina Paishon-Duarte and Yishan Wong.
    See these speakers' photos and backgrounds in the Thursday, Oct. 7 Ka'u News Briefs at http://kaunewsbriefs.blogspot.com/2021_10_07_archive.html
     Visit tedxcountyofhawaii.com to click the register button. This special TEDx event is part of The Countdown, a global initiative to champion and accelerate solutions to the climate crisis, turning ideas into action. 
    "In sync with the pivotal 26th UN Climate Change Conference (COP26) in Glasgow, the Countdown Summit will unveil some of the imaginative and scalable solutions that we’ll need to turn the tide on climate change and create a healthier and more equitable world for all," said a statement from County of Hawai'i.

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KAʻŪ TROJANS TOOK ON THE KAMEHAMEHA FOOTBALL TEAM in Kea'au on Thursday. Kamehameha continued its string of preventing its opponents from achieving any score. The final was Kamehameha 50, Kaʻū zero. The game saw a fumble recovery giving Kamehameha the opportunity to run 15 yards into the end zone for its first touchdown. Kamehameha Warriors intercepted the ball six times during the encounter with the Trojans.

    Hawai'i Tribune Herald sports reporter Matt Gerhart wrote, "Despite falling to 0-3 and remaining scoreless on the season, the Trojans looked more organized than in a 27-0 loss to Kohala two weeks ago, especially defensively.
    "Senior Jonah Beck was all over the field for Kaʻū, forcing a fumble and making a handful of tackles for loss.
    “That guy, No. 11 (Beck), he was everywhere,” said Nihoa, also an offensive lineman. “No. 11 and No. 66 (Micah Espejo).”
    "Bailing on its run game against a stout defense, the Trojans found some success through the air, with Kaimana Kaupu-Manini making four catches." See the entire story at https://www.hawaiitribune-herald.com/2021/11/11/sports/biif-football-kamehameha-remains-impenetrable-in-shutting-out-kau/.

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KAʻŪ TROJANS CROSS COUNTRY, a combined team from Kaʻū High and Volcano School of the Arts & Sciences, heads to Kamehameha on Saturday for an island wide meet.

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OLIVINE CRYSTAL "CLOCKS" are tracking instruments for magma movement, according to this week's Volcano Watch written by USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory Research Geologist Kendra Jenn:
    Olivine crystals—the beautiful green mineral common in Hawaiian lavas—record when and where magmas move inside Hawaiian volcanoes before they erupt. We can actually use these little crystals like clocks to better understand the magmatic events leading to the December 2020 and September 2021 summit eruptions at Kīlauea.
    Lavas and their minerals erupted from Hawaiian volcanoes provide clues to the history of the magmas that are eventually erupted. Kīlauea's recent summit eruptions allow us "a glimpse inside" the volcano and the chance to learn more about where the magma erupted in Halema'uma'u crater came from and how quickly it moved to the surface.
The light green olivine crystals in basalt tell time in the life of a volcano. See https://www.soest.
history/ Photo from University of Hawai'i
    Geologists measure the chemistry of the erupted materials—including rapidly cooled lava (glass), minerals, and dissolved gases or gas bubbles—to find out
how hot the magma was, how long it sat inside the volcano prior to erupting at the surface, and how different magmas might have mixed (older and cooler versus fresher and hotter magma).
    Olivine is primarily made of the elements magnesium (Mg) and iron (Fe) along with silica. The ratio of Mg and Fe, also known as the forsterite (Fo) content, can tell us several things about the magma that the crystal grew in.
    Higher Mg in olivine (and therefore higher Fo) means that crystals grew in hotter, and usually deeper, magmas. If the olivine Fo content is low, it tells us that crystals grew in a cooler, and usually shallower, magma.
    After searching for olivine crystals in tephra (pumice, ash, and Pele's hair) erupted by Kīlauea in December 2020 and September 2021, USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) scientists worked with the electron microprobe lab housed at the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa to take pictures of the insides of the olivine crystals.
    These images show that Kīlauea's recently erupted olivine can be zoned, meaning that the cores (or insides of the crystals) have different Fo than their rims (the exterior edges of the crystals). These examples show what we call normal zoning—where Fo decreases from the inside of the crystal to the outside.
    Normal zoning in these crystals tells us that they first grew in a deeper, hotter part of Kīlauea and then the rims of the crystals grew later after the magma had moved to a shallower, cooler region.
A series of three photos of olivine crystals under a microscope and taken with an electron microprobe

Images of olivine from Hawaiian volcanoes. In olivine the abundance of magnesium (Mg) is expressed as the forsterite content (Fo)—which is a ratio of how much Mg there is compared to the iron (Fe). Left: Green olivine from Mauna Loa's 1852 eruption, viewed under a microscope. USGS photo by K. Lynn. Middle: Zoomed in electron image of the inside of an olivine from Kīlauea's December 2020 eruption, where grayscale indicates the relative abundance of iron (Fe). The darker core (black inside) of the olivine is higher in Mg (and a higher Fo content) than the lighter rim (gray outside). This crystal is approximately 800 microns (0.3 inches) across. Right: Another electron image of olivine from 29 September 2021 that also has changes in Fo content between the core and rim. This crystal is smaller, only 400 microns (0.15 inches) across. Images from the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa electron microprobe. 

    The presence of zoned crystals is rather exciting for Kīlauea's summit—olivine from the lava lake that was active from
2008–2018, prior to the 2018 summit collapse, were typically homogeneous, meaning that they didn't have any zoning.
    These changes in olivine Fo are also special because they actually record time through a process called diffusion. Think about putting your cold hands on a warm mug of tea or coffee. Thermal diffusion allows the heat from the mug to move into and warm your hands.
    In the same general process, Mg atoms from the olivine core can diffuse toward its rim over time while the olivine sits in a hot magma. By measuring the change in Fo from core to rim, and then applying a model of this change, we can calculate how long crystals sat at the shallower level where the rims grew before they erupted.
    Kīlauea's 2020 olivine crystals have modeled diffusion times of about 60 days or less. This suggests that the crystals, which originally grew deeper in the volcano, moved up to shallow regions (a few km or less than a couple miles below the ground surface) about 60 days before they erupted.
    Around 60 days before Kīlauea's December 2020 eruption, in late October, HVO detected the first set of earthquake swarms during the period of unrest leading to the eruption. Though the initial earthquake swarm occurred under Nāmakanipaio Campground, the modeled olivine crystal diffusion times suggest that the earthquakes could have been a sign that magma was intruding shallowly under Kīlauea's summit.
     In the next few weeks, olivine crystals from Kīlauea's eruption that began on September 29 will be measured on the USGS California Volcano Observatory's electron microprobe. The data will then be modeled to calculate the timescales from these most recent "crystal clocks," letting us know if the same process was repeated this Fall or if something new and different happened prior to the most recent eruption of Kīlauea.

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A FREE THANKSGIVING MEAL WILL BE OFFERED BY ST. JUDE'S Episcopal Church in Ocean View on Saturday, Nov. 20. The food is take-out only and masks are required to be worn. Thanksgiving meals will be provided from 10 a.m. to noon or until the food runs out.

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KAʻŪ COFFEE MILL & VISITOR CENTER. Buy online at kaucoffeemill.com and in person at 96-2694 Wood Valley Road, daily, 9 a.m. to 3 p.m.

PUNALUʻU BAKESHOP online at bakeshophawaii.com and in-person 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., seven days a week in x.

ALIʻI HAWAIʻI HULA HANDS COFFEE. Order by calling 928-0608 or emailing alihhhcoffee@yahoo.com.

AIKANE PLANTATION COFFEE COMPANY. Order online at aikaneplantation.com. Call 808-927-2252

MIRANDA'S FARMS KAʻŪ COFFEE. Order online at mirandafarms.com or, in person at 73-7136 Mamalahoa Hwy. See latest print edition at kaucalendar.com..

KUAHIWI RANCH STORE, in person. Shop weekdays, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., Sunday, 11 am to 3 p.m. at 95-5520 Hwy 11. Locally processed grass-fed beef, live meat chickens, and feed for cattle, goats, sheep, chickens, horses, dogs, and pigs. Call 929-7333 of 938-1625, email kaohi@kuahiwiranch.com.

DEPRESSED, ANXIOUS, NEED SOMEONE TO TALK TO? Call Department of Health's expanded Hawai‘i C.A.R.E.S. program at 1-800-753-6879 – the same number previously used by Crisis Line of Hawai‘i. Individuals in crisis can also text ALOHA to 741741, available 24/7.

LEARN SELF-CARE THROUGH Big Island Substance Abuse Council's Practice Self-Care Series. For additional series that feature refreshing wellness tips, follow the Behavioral Health & Homelessness Statewide Unified Response Group at facebook.com/bhhsurg

WOMEN'S COLLECTIVE OFFERS HEALTH PROGRAMS. Piko focuses on reproductive health; increasing access, respect, cultural competence, education, and choice. Pilina aims to grow membership and establish a culture of collaborative decision-making. Follow @kau_womens_health_collective. Contact rootsmedieshawaii@gmail.com. Call 808-450-0498.

YOGA WITH EMILY Catey Weiss, Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, 8 a.m. to 9 a.m. at Volcano Art Center Niʻaulani Campus in Volcano Village. Advanced registration required; $5 per class. volcanoartcenter.org/events, 967-8222.

CHOOSE ALOHA FOR HOME is available to families, to provide a healthy way to grow together using neuroscience and positive psychology. Program uses a series of self-guided videos, activities, and "dinner table discussion topics." Sign up at chooselovemovement.org/choose-love-home.


Register for Boys & Girls Club Mobile Outreach and Tutoring Programs at rb.gy/o1o2hy. For keiki grades 1-6. Contact Boys & Girls Club of the Big Island Administrative Office, Monday through Friday, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., at (808) 961-5536 or email mobiletutoring@bgcbi.org or info@bgcbi.org.

ʻOhana Help Desk offers online How-To Guides for Chromebooks and iPads at rb.gy/8er9wm. ʻOhana Help Desk also available by phone, weekdays, 7 a.m. to 8 p.m., Sundays from 4 p.m. to 8 p.m.

Invite Park Rangers to Virtually Visit Classes, through connecting with teachers and home-schoolers with distance learning programs and virtual huakaʻi (field trips). Contact havo_education@nps.gov.

Public Libraries are open for WiFi, pick-up, and other services. Nāʻālehu open Monday and Wednesday, 9 a.m. to 4 p.m., Friday, 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. Pāhala open Tuesday, noon to 7 p.m., Thursday, 9 a.m. to 4 p.m., limited entry into library with Wiki Visits. Schedule a Library Take Out time at picktime.com/hspls. Open for library card account help and reference assistance from the front door. WiFi available to anyone with a library card, from each library parking lot. See librarieshawaii.org.

Free Book Exchanges, at laundromats in Ocean View and Nāʻālehu, provided by Friends of the Kaʻū Libraries. Open to all. Keep the books, pass them on to other readers, or return them. Selection of books replenished weekly at both sites.

Read Report on Public Input about Disaster Recovery from damage during the 2018 Kīlauea eruption.
View the Civic Engagement and Comment Analysis Report at rb.gy/awu65k.

Learn About Hawaiʻi's History & Culture through Papakilo Database, papakilodatabase.com.
Virtual Workshops on Hawaiʻi's Legislative Processes through Public Access Room. Sign up by contacting (808) 587-0478 or par@capitol.hawaii.gov. Ask questions and discuss all things legislative in a non-partisan environment. Attend Coffee Hour with PAR: Fridays at 3 p.m. on Zoom, meeting ID 990 4865 9652 or click zoom.us/j/99048659652. PAR staff will be available to answer questions and to discuss the legislative process. Anyone wanting to listen in without taking part in discussions is welcome. Learn more at lrb.hawaii.gov/public-access-room.

Online Directory at shopbigisland.com, co-sponsored by County of Hawai‘i, has a signup sheet for local businesses to fill in the blanks. The only requirement is a physical address on this island.

Food Assistance: Apply for The Volcano School of Arts & Sciences COVID-19 Family Relief Funds. Funded by Volcano Community Association, and members of the VSAS Friends and Governing Boards, who have donated, the fund supplies KTA or Dimple Cheek Gift Cards, or gift cards to other locally owned business, to VSAS families in need. Contact Kim Miller at 985-8537, kmiller@volcanoschool.net. Contributions to the fund can be sent in by check to: VSAS, PO Box 845, Volcano, HI 96785 – write Relief Fund in the memo. See volcanoschool.net

ENROLL CHILDREN, from first through eighth grade, in Kula ʻAmakihi, a program from Volcano School of the Arts & Sciences. It started Aug. 3. Call 808-985- 9800 or visit www.volcanoschool.net.

WALK THROUGH A GUIDED NATURE TRAIL & Sculpture Garden, Mondays, 9:30 a.m. at Volcano Art Center Niʻaulani Campus in Volcano Village. No reservations for five or fewer – limited to ten people. Free; donations appreciated. Email programs@volcanoartcenter.org. Garden is open to walk through at one's own pace, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. weekdays. www.volcanoartcenter.org. Call 967-8222.

KAʻŪ ART GALLERY is open Wednesdays and Saturdays from 9 a.m. - 3 p.m. in Nāʻālehu. It features and sells works by local artists and offers other gift items.Vendor applications are being accepted for its Holiday Arts & Crafts Sale on Saturday, Nov. 13. Kaʻū Art Gallery's website has 24/7 access online and is frequently updated to show current inventory items. "We are always looking to collaborate with local artists in our community," said assistant Alexandra Kaupu. Artists with an interest in being featured at Kaʻū Art Gallery and Gift Shop, contact gallery owner and director Corrine Kaupu at kauartgallery@hawaiiantel.biz.

GOLF & MEMBERSHIPS for Discovery Harbour Golf Course and its Clubhouse: The Club offers Social Memberships, with future use of the clubhouse and current use of the pickleball courts as well as walking and running on specified areas of the golf course before 8 a.m. and after 3 p.m. to enjoy the panoramiocean views. Golf memberships range from unlimited play for the avid golfer to casual play options. Membership is required to play and practice golf on the course. All golf memberships include Social Membership amenities. Membership fees are designed to help underwrite programs and improvements to the facilities.Call 808-731-5122 or stop by the Clubhouse during business hours, 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. daily at 94-1581 Kaulua Circle. Email clubatdiscoveryharbour@gmail.com. See The Club at Discovery Harbour Facebook page.

ALOHA FRIDAY MARKETPLACE, hosted by Main Street, is from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m., grounds of The Old Shirakawa Estate in Waiʻohinu. It features: Made in Hawai'i Products, Organic Produce, Creative Crafts, ARt, Flower and Plants, Food, Ka`u Coffee, Gluen Free Low Carb Goodies, Wellness Services and Products, Clothing, Hand Crafted Treats, Music and more. Vendor and customer inquiries: AlohaFridayMarket@gmail.com.

VOLCANO FARMERS MARKET, Cooper Center, Volcano Village on Sundays. 6 a.m. to 10 a.m., with much local produce, baked goods, food to go, island beef and Hawai‘i Coffee. Cooper Center's EBT Machine, used at the Farmer's Market, is out of service until further notice. EBT is used for Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, formerly Food Stamps. Call 808-967-7800.

OCEAN VIEW COMMUNITY MARKET, open Saturdays and Thursdays, 6:30 a.m. to 2 p.m., on the corner of Kona Drive and Highway 11, where Thai Grindz is located. Managed by Mark Council. Masks mandatory. 100-person limit, social distancing required. Gate unlocked for vendors at 5:30 a.m., $15 dollars, no reservations needed. Parking in upper lot only. Vendors must provide own sanitizer. Food vendor permits required. Carpooling encouraged.

O KAʻŪ KĀKOU MARKET, in Nāʻālehu, open Wednesday, and Saturday, 8 a.m. to noon. Limit of 50 customers per hour, 20 vendor booths, with 20 feet of space between vendors. Masks and hand sanitizing required, social distancing enforced. Contact Sue Barnett, OKK Market Manager, at 808-345-9374 (voice or text) or kaufarmer@aol.com for more and to apply to vend. See facebook.com/OKauKakouMarket.

OCEAN VIEW SWAP MEET is open at Ocean View makai shopping center, near Mālama Market. Hours for patrons are 8 a.m. to 3 p.m. Saturday and Sunday. Vendor set-up time is 5 a.m. Masks required.


VOLCANO ART CENTER ONLINE, in person. Shop at Niʻaulani Campus in Volcano Village, Monday through Friday, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Gallery in Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park, open Wednesday through Sunday, 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. Virtual Shopping Appointments offered via Skype or FaceTime. Book at volcanoartcenter.org/shop for $5. Shop online gallery 24/7. Orders shipped or free local pickup available. See the VAC Virtual Classroom, which features over 90 videos. See volcanoartcenter.org/events, call 967-8222.