About The Kaʻū Calendar

Ka`u, Hawai`i, United States
A locally owned and run community newspaper (www.kaucalendar.com) distributed in print to all Ka`u District residents of Ocean View, Na`alehu, Pahala, Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park, Volcano Village and Miloli`i on the Big Island of Hawai`i. This blog is where you can catch up on what's happening daily with our news briefs. This blog is provided by The Ka`u Calendar Newspaper (kaucalendar.com), Pahala Plantation Cottages (pahalaplantationcottages.com), Local Productions, Inc. and the Edmund C. Olson Trust.

Sunday, February 09, 2020

Ka‘ū News Briefs, Sunday, February 9, 2020

Former Stampede Queen, Lorilee Lorenzo of Kaʻū, is expected to compete during this year's Panaʻewa Stampede Rodeo. 
See details below. Photo by Chuck McKeand
TRANSFERRING STATE PASTURE LANDS from the Department of Land & Natural Resources to the Department of Agriculture has support from ranchers in Kaʻū and around the state. Senate Bill 2812 passed Senate committees on Friday and is expected to go to the House of Representatives for consideration. Among ranches affected in Kaʻū are those with long histories of operation by the Galimbas, Wally Andrade, Jerry Egami, and Randy Cabral who lease their pastures from the DLNR.
     Testimony from the 34,000 acre Kapāpala Ranch between Pāhala and Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park notes that its pastures have supported food production for 160 years. "Today the Ranch provides beef in the equivalence of 3.4 million school lunches per year," writes Kapāpala partner Lani Cran Petrie in her testimony. She testifies that one reason for favoring Department of Agriculture holding pasture leases is that it likely would be able to give more reasonable rents for land producing food than would the DLNR where rents are based on "highest and best use."
Kapāpala Ranch has produced food for 160 years, supporting the
aim of food self-sufficiency. Photo by Julia Neal
     According to her testimony, the DLNR recently proposed to increase Kapāpala Ranch rent by 1,000 percent, "which would have put anyone operating an agricultural enterprise out of business." Two years of negotiations, mediation, and binding arbitration to settle the rent with the DLNR cost the Ranch the equivalent of three years of rent, she says. In the end, a University of Hawaiʻi Agricultural Extension Service range specialist and an agricultural land appraiser assessed the value of the ranch lands and the fair market rent based on pasture value was set by an arbitrator.
     The Kapāpala Ranch testimony states that last year, staff from DLNR and its Department of Forestry & Wildlife visited the Ranch and outlined its vision, which "would diminish the Ranch to one-fifth of its current capacity." Kapāpala Ranch would be included in a single "landscape scale conservation area." The state, federal, and Nature Conservancy conservation lands "would encompass Hawaiʻi Volcano's National Park at Kīlauea and fan the eastern flank of Mauna Loa from the summit continuing south to the Kahuku Unit of HVNP and back north over the Kaʻū and Kapāpala Forest Reserves." She wrote that DLNR staff members emphasized their desire to expand the conservation land in Kaʻū to be 'big, protected, and connected.'"
Kapāpala and other ranches on state land are asking for leases to
go through the state Department of Agriculture.
Photo by Julia Neal
     She cautioned that the Ranch also has a role in conservation by supporting and protecting the surrounding forest land through managing fire risk. "In my time here, there have been three major fires around the Ranch, two in the National Park at the Mauna Loa Strip and one in the Kapāpala Forest Reserve. Each fire blazed over several thousand acres. The Ranch in each case provided a buffer from the fires spreading from one conservation area to another."
     During the August 2018 fire, Kapāpala Ranch provided water to the state Department of Forestry & Wildlife and Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park fire crews to fill their pump trucks. The Kapāpala testimony notes that the "Ranch's bulldozer on the fifth day was actually able to stop the front of the fire. As a viable ranching enterprise we have built, repaired and maintain an elaborate water system which has nearly 100 mile of pipelines covering 34,000 acres (equal in size to Kahoʻolawe) with three reservoirs storing a total of 10 million gallons of water. Our reservoirs also provide water habitat to the threatened Nēnē goose while the miles of pipelines delivering water also enhance game bird and other wildlife populations."
Lani Petrie testified about the ranch's assistance
in fire protection and conserving forests around
 its pastures. Photo from Paniolo Hall of Fame
     The testimony states that in another cooperative effort with DFW, in 1990 Kapāpala Ranch "willingly gave up 1,250 acres of pasture that was better suited for native forest."
     In addition, says the testimony, the "Ranch also manages public access to the Forest Reserves through three entry points. Currently there are about 300 requests per month which our answering service handles and another 25 per month handled directly by us. Along with public access to the Reserves, we also open the Ranch during Game Bird Season for three months for the hunting public."
     According to Petrie, all of these cooperative efforts could continue, while improving food production under a lease from the  Department of Agriculture. See other testimony in Monday's Kaʻū News Briefs.

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COMPOSTING FOR FOOD AND GREEN WASTE is promoted in legislation that will be heard by the Committee on Agriculture and Environment tomorrow, Monday, Feb., 10. Senate Bill 3121, co-introduced by Kaʻū's senators Dru Kanhua and Russell Ruderman, would require the Department of Health to periodically update its co-composting rules, and establish a multi-tiered registration and permitting system for composting facilities. If the bill passes, composting and co-composting would be allowed in agricultural districts. Companion legislation is House Bill 2407.
     According to Zero Waste Big Island, "Outdated stringent DOH regulations make it difficult for small sized composting operations to operate legally. Did you know if your local public school wanted to divert food and green waste from the landfill by composting, they would have to fill out the same rigorous 200-page DOH application that an industrial commercial composting facility would fill out? And current regulations require the school to compost on a concrete pad and have a leachate (liquid runoff) collection system installed, which costs in the ballpark of $30,000.
     "SB3121 remedies this issue by requiring the DOH to establish a multi‑tiered registration and permitting system for composting facilities. If you are a small-scale composter, the permits and regulations would be easier and more lenient. Large-scale composters, with higher risks of pathogens and fires, would require more stringent permits and regulations. Overall, SB3121 would allow small-scale composting operations to have a more realistic path to legal permitting."
     Read the bill here. Written testimony is closed, but if submitted before the hearing, may still be considered.

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Stream gushes under a Wood Valley bridge
in January. Photo by Julia Neal
ONE OF THE MOST VOLUMINOUS RAIN EVENTS since November of 2000 hit Kaʻū in January. The National Weather Service released precipitation reports late last week, noting that Pāhala and Kapāpala Ranch received twice the regular January rainfall. Pāhala recorded 13.27 inches and Kapāpala 16.54 inches. Kahuku Ranch near Ocean View recorded 4.77 inches, which is more than 1.5 its average January rainfall. The record rains came in the first half of the month, flooding Kāwā Flats and closing Highway 11 there for a longer period than in the 2000 event that tore apart bridges and isolated Pāhala for days.

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A GALE WATCH IS IN PLACE for south- and west-facing portions of Kaʻū through tomorrow evening. According to the National Weather Service, high winds and rough seas, brought in by a cold front, will impact south and west Hawaiʻi Island through mid-week. The entire state is under gale or small craft advisories.
The most voluminous water event in Kaʻū
since 2001 was this January.
Photo by Julia Neal

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LEGISLATION TO CURB HELICOPTER NOISE has been deferred in the state Senate. Senate Bill 3154, would have prohibited any tour aircraft operator from operating an aircraft near a residential property. The bill would also have required tour aircraft be fitted with Federal Aviation Administration approved flotation equipment and use an automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast system, and to comply with the National Transportation Safety Board safety recommendations. SB3154 was deferred on Feb. 3 by both the Energy, Economic Development, and Tourism Committee and the Committee on Transportation.
     Written testimony in support of the bill was submitted by four individuals and the O‘ahu Tour Helicopter Safety and Noise Inter-Action Group. Testimony against the bill was submitted by Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association, Activities & Attractions Association of Hawaiʻi, Hawaiʻi Helicopter Association, Paradise Helicopters, Magnum Helicopters, Jack Harter Helicopters, Inc., and the Department of the Attorney General.

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PANAʻEWA STAMPEDE RODEO will be held Saturday, Sunday, and Monday, Feb. 15, 16, and 17. The 28th annual Hawaiʻi Horse Owners rodeo begins at noon on Saturday, 11 a.m. on Sunday and Monday. Cowboy Church will be held at 9 a.m. on Sunday. Horse Races will be held oat 9 a.m. on Monday. Tickets are $8 pre-sale, $10 at the gate, free for keiki 12 and under.
     Kaʻū Multicultural Society will also join in the festivities by sharing their Kaʻū Paniolo Display.
     Kaʻū paniolo and paniola are training for the Panaʻewa Stampede. Competitors, rodeo clowns, and huge crowds are expected flock to the Panaʻewa Equestrian Center on the Kaʻū side of Hilo.
     One competitor expected at the event is Kaʻū's Lorilee Lorenzo, a past Queen of the rodeo and a regular participant. In 2019, Lenaia Andrade, a high school student from Nāʻālehu, won the All Around Cowgirl Award. Addie Flores, whose family owns and operates South Point Buckers, won the Youth Barrel Racing Event. Kircia Derasin of Kaʻū was crowned Rodeo Princess.
Bull Riding Winner Trisyn Kalawaia at the 26th Annual Panaʻewa Stampede 
Rodeo holds on tight, while a rodeo clown remains on alert. 
Photo by Brad H. Ballesteros
     Last year, more than 10,000 people attended the three-day event. The 185 competitors ranged in age from three to 73. The event included rodeo clowns, cultural and historical displays, leather and saddle making exhibits, and food and craft booths. Special novelty events included Hula Bulls and Bull Poker.
     The Stampede Rodeo features a wide variety of competition, including All Around Cowboy, Reserve All Around Cowboy, All Around Cowgirl, and Reserve All Around Cowgirl. Paniolo can compete in Po‘o Wai U, a traditional event that comes from tying cattle to forked tree trunks when rounding them up in Hawaiian wildlands, and Century Team Roping, where the total age of team members is a minimum of 100 years. Other events include Dummy Roping, Wahine Barrel Racing, Youth Barrel Racing, Kane-Wahine Ribbon Mugging, Sheep Riding, Youth Team Roping, Wahine Breakaway Roping, Wahine Breakaway Roping, Steer Wrestling, Open Team Roping, Junior Bull Riding, Double Mugging, Tie Down Roping, Wahine Calf Mugging, and Bull Riding.

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The Robin's Egg Nebula is a "Planetary Nebula," seen using data taken 
from the Promt/CTIO telescope in Chile by Star Shadows 
Remote Observatory and Processed by Stuart Forman. 
It shows the final stages of a sun-like star in its final death throes.
STARS OVER KAʻŪ for February 2020, by Lew & Donna Cook:
Planets and Exoplanets
     The sun had only one sunspot on Jan. 4 and none on Jan. 14, continuing its period of few or no sunspots. The sun rotates once with a period between 25 and 34 days. Why is there this range? This is because the sun is a ball of gas, not a solid object.
Venus is the "evening star", shining brilliantly in the west after sunset. Mars won't rise until after 3 a.m. Jupiter and Saturn are both in Sagittarius, rising after 4:30 a.m. and 5 a.m., respectively.
Constellations and Deep Sky Objects
     Orion stands high but past the meridian, but you will notice something strange about Orion. It doesn't look like it should. Betelgeuse, the star in the constellation's right shoulder, the one on your left, is much dimmer than usual. Betelgeuse is a variable star, but this is as dim as it has been in 170 years – as long as estimates have been made.
You can make estimates on your own by comparing Betelgeuse with Bellatrix, the bright star in the other shoulder. It is marked "1.6" - which is its magnitude. Another star you can compare it with is the end star – the low one on your left – on Orion's belt. It is marked "2.0" on the chart.
     Look quickly from Betelgeuse to the others: is it brighter than one but fainter than the other? About the same as one? Fainter than 2.0? Write down your estimate, making as good an estimate as you can. Repeat this activity over the next few weeks.
Robin's Egg Nebula
     The Robin's Egg nebula is an excellent look at what our sun will be doing in several billions of years. This is what it looks like (see photo, above).
How to use this map: Hold this map over your head so that the northern horizon points toward the north on the Earth. For best results, use a red flashlight to illuminate the map. If you are looking east, hold it in front of you so that east is on the bottom. For south views, south at the bottom, and for west, west at the bottom. Use this map at the times shown on in its upper left corner. Keep this page handy and show it to your keiki next month. They probably have bedtimes before the time of the chart shown here.
The constellations are presented with their 3-letter abbreviations, with their common names shown in the margins. This is done to take advantage of the truly dark skies Ka‘ū is blessed with when there is no bright moon and the skies are clear of vog. The star charts are produced from a sky Atlas program written by Jerry Hudson, who has given us permission to publish it. Thank you, Jerry.

Fridays Sunrise and Sunset times
Date                 Sunrise            Sunset
Feb.     7          6:54 am           6:16 pm
Feb.   14          6:51 am           6:20 pm
Feb.   21          6:47 am           6:23 pm
Feb.   28          6:42 am           6:26 pm
The times of sunrise and sunset are starting to change more than last month.

Moon Phases
Date                Moonrise             Moonset
First Quarter   
Feb.     1               noon              12:37 am**
Full Moon      
Feb.     8            6:06 pm              7:27 am**
Last Quarter   
Feb.    15         12:16 am            11:57 pm
New Moon
Feb.    23           7:04 am              6:48 pm
First Quarter   
Mar.     2          11:28 am              1:27 am
**next morning

To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter. See our online calendars and our latest print edition at kaucalendar.com.

Print edition of The Kaʻū Calendar is free to 6,250 mailboxes 
throughout Kaʻū, from Miloliʻi through Volcano, and free on 
stands throughout the district. Read online at kaucalendar.com
See daily, weekly, and monthly recurring Kaʻū and Volcano Events, Meetings, Entertainment, Exercise, Meditation, and more at kaucalendar.com.

Kaʻū Winter Sports Schedule
Boys Basketball
Thu. thru Sat., Feb. 13-15 HHSAA on Oʻahu
Fri., Feb. 21 HHSAA
Fri. and Sat., Feb. 14 and 15 on Maui

Kaʻū Spring Sports Schedule
Girls Softball
Saturday, Feb. 15, 11 a.m., JV Jamboree at Konawaena
Saturday, March 7, 11 a.m., @Waiakea
Boys Baseball
Wednesday, March 4, 3 p.m., host HPA
Saturday, March 7, 1 p.m.. @Waiakea
Boys Volleyball
Friday, Feb. 21, 4:30 p.m., Preseason at Christian Liberty
Wednesday, Feb. 26, 6 p.m., host Christian Liberty
Saturday, Feb. 29, 10:30 a.m., @Kealakehe
Saturday, March 7, 10:30 a.m.. @Kealakehe
Saturday, March 14, 9 a.m., @Waiakea
Saturday, March 21, 2 p.m., @Konawaena

Music in the American Wild, Tuesday, Feb. 11; seating begins at 6:30 p.m., concert starts at 7 p.m. at Kīlauea Visitor Center Auditorium. The American Wild Ensemble was formed to celebrate and tour America's national parks. They've performed in unconventional venues, from caves to mountaintops, commissioning new works and performing them in site-inspired and site-specific locations. Attend an evening concert with ensemble directors Emlyn Johnson (flute) and Daniel Ketter (cello) as they present a contemporary classical program featuring new works by Hawai‘i resident and Hawai‘i-born composers. Part of Hawai‘i Volcanoes' ongoing After Dark in the Park series. Free; Park entrance fees apply. 985-6101, nps.gov/havo

Ki‘i Carving Demonstration, Wednesday, Feb. 12, 10 a.m. to noon at Kīlauea Visitor Center lanai. Hawaiians carved ki‘i (statues) to represent forces of nature, gods, guardians and the spirit world. Acclaimed artist James Kanani Kaulukukui, Jr. will share his expertise and the essential role these ki‘i played in Hawaiian society. With a carrot, you'll learn how to make your own ki‘i. Part of Hawai‘i Volcanoes' ‘Ike Hana No‘eau, Experience the Skillful Work, workshops. Free; Park entrance fees apply. 985-6011, nps.gov/havo

FRIDAY, FEB. 14 – Valentine's Day
Valentine's Day Buffet, Friday, Feb. 14, p.m. to 8 p.m., Crater Rim Café at Kīlauea Military Camp. Main entrees are Prime Rib Au Jus, Lemon Butter Fish with Tropical Salsa and Vegetable Alfredo Pasta Bake. Adults $35.95, $17.95 children 6 to 11 years old. Military ID card holders and in-house guests: Adults $28.76, $14.36 children 6 to 11 years old. No reservations required. Located in Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park, KMC is open to all authorized patrons and sponsored guests. Park entrance fees apply. For more information call 967-8365 after 4 p.m.

Paint Your Own Silk Scarf with Patti Pease Johnson, Saturday, Feb. 15, 9 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. Enrolling a loved one in the class or the finished scarf, created in class, makes a great Valentine's Day gift, suggests the announcement. volcanoartcenter.org

Zentangle: Basics with Ellen O'Dunn, Saturday, Feb. 15, 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. volcanoartcenter.org

Valentine's Dance, Saturday, Feb. 15, p.m. to 10 p.m. Learn the Charleston, the Lindy Hop, and more. volcanoartcenter.org

Panaʻewa Stampede, Saturday through Monday, Feb. 15, 16, and 17. Rodeo begins at noon on Saturday, 11 a.m. on Sunday and Monday. Cowboy Church held 9 a.m. Sunday. Horse Races held 9 a.m. Monday. Panaʻewa Equestrian Center just outside of Hilo. Rodeo competitors from Kaʻū and around the island joined by rodeo clowns and other entertainers. Tickets are $8 pre-sale, $10 at the gate, free for keiki 12 and under. HawaiiRodeoStampede.com

RSVP for the Bicentennial celebration of Kauahaʻao Congregational Church, Sunday, Feb. 16 at the Henry ‘Opukahaʻia Memorial Chapel, Hokuloa Church, Punaluʻu. Celebration begins at 10 a.m.; pot-luck fellowship at 11:30 a.m. in large pavilion at Punaluʻu Black Sands Beach Park. For more information and to RSVP with the number of people attending, contact Debbie Wong Yuen, Kahu at Kauahaʻao Church, at 808-928-8039.

Beginning Improv for Adults, Thursday, through Feb. 13, p.m. to 3 p.m. "Learn to live more in the moment, think on your feet, let go of self-judgment, bring more joy in your life, and recapture your playful spirit in the 6-week workshop series with improv legend Keli Semelsberger." Attendance to all 6 classes is not required – classes may be attended individually. No prior experience is necessary. 967-8222, volcanoartcenter.org

Fill Out the Survey for Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plan 2020, from Hawaiʻi County Civil Defense, by Friday, Feb. 14. The survey is anonymous and will be used to develop portions of the plan, which is the County's hazard and risk assessment for natural disasters. The Plan will include proposed projects to mitigate potential loss of life and property. Fill out the survey at  surveymonkey.com/r/HawaiiCountyHMP. Learn more at hawaiicounty.gov/departments/civil-defense/multi-hazard-mitigation-plan-2020. For further information, call the Civil Defense Agency at 935-0031.

RSVP for the Bicentennial Celebration of Kauahaʻao Congregational Church, Sunday, Feb. 16 at the Henry ‘Opukahaʻia Memorial Chapel, Hokuloa Church, in Punaluʻu. Celebration begins at 10 a.m., followed by pot-luck fellowship at 11:30 a.m. in the large pavilion at Punaluʻu Black Sands Beach Park. For more information and to RSVP With the number of people attending, contact Debbie Wong Yuen, Kahu at Kauahaʻao Church, at 808-928-8039.

Sharp Turns – The Creative Art of Woodturning, Volcano Art Center Gallery exhibit, featuring the works of Aaron Hammer and Mark and Karen Stebbins, continues daily, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., through Feb. 16. 967-8222, volcanoartcenter.org

Aloha Kidney in Kaʻū, Thursday afternoons, p.m. to 3:30 p.m., through Feb 20, Kaʻū Resource Center, 96-3126 Puahala St. in Pāhala. The free class series on Chronic Kidney Disease lead by retired kidney doctor Ramona Wong. Bring a pen and whomever cares/cooks/shops for the person(s) with CKD. See alohakidney.com. Call (808) 585-8404 to enroll.

Register for a Free CERT Basic Training Course, four Saturdays starting Feb. 22 through March 14 from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. at Ocean View Community Center. Community Emergency Response Team encourages community participation and provides support to emergency response organizations when the need arises. Four consecutive classes are a 27-hour FEMA certification course. Sign up by emailing hawaiicert@gmail.com. Bill Hanson, 808-937-2181, hawaiicounty.gov/departments/civil-defense/hawai-i-county-cert.

Register for ʻO Kaʻū Kākou's 12th Annual Keiki Fishing Tournament and Canned Food Drive through Wednesday, Feb. 19 at noon. Event takes place Saturday, Feb. 22, 8 a.m. to 2 p.m. Poles, gear, and bait, and lunch for all, provided. Each child receives a prize, chosen during registration, in the order they register; register early. Keiki one to 14 years old register online at okaukakou.org, or pick up form at Nāʻālehu Elementary School, Nāʻālehu Ace Hardware, PāhalaElementary School, Mizuno Superette in Pāhala, Wiki Wiki Mart in Nāʻālehu, Kahuku Country Market in Ocean View, and Ocean View Auto Parts. Bring one can per person for food drive. For more information, contact Guy Enriques at 808-217-2253 or Wayne Kawachi at 808-937-4773. okaukakou.org

PETFIX Spay and Neuter Free Clinic for Cats and Dogs, Thursday and Friday, March 5 and 6, Ocean View Ranchos. Registration: contact Bridget at (808)990-3548 or petfixbigisland@gmail.com.

Hawaiʻi International Music Festival, Sunday March 8, 6:30 p.m., Pāhala Plantation House. The concert will feature music that will celebrate native plants of the Kaʻū Dryland Forest and will raise funds for Hoʻomalu Kaʻū.
     Performers will include: Maya Hoover, Hawaiʻi based Mezzo-Soprano at Professor at Universityof Hawaiʻi at Mānoa; Jonathan Korth, Hawaiʻi based Pianist and Professor at UH-Mānoa; and Joshua Nakazawa, Cellist from Hawaiʻi Symphony. They will be joined by the three HIMF co-founders: Amy Shoremount-Obra, Internationally Acclaimed Metropolitan Opera Soprano; Eric Silberger, Internationally Acclaimed Prize-Winning Virutuoso Violinist; and Carlin Ma, Multi-Media Artist and Pianist.
     Tickets are $30 and are available at kauconcert.bpt.me. See himusicfestival.com for more.

Sign Up to Vend at the New ʻO Kaʻū Kākou Nāʻālehu Farmers Market, Wednesdays, 8 a.m. to 2 p.m. at the site of the old Fruit Stand, mauka of Hwy 11 in Nāʻālehu. Vending focuses on Kaʻū products, including mushrooms from the new farm in Nāʻālehu, fresh breads, vegetables, fruits, and other products. The market may offer music in the future, and there are plans to acquire picnic tables for market goers. Call Manager Sue Barnett at 345-9374 to sign up.

Cultural Understanding Through Art & the Environment, features classes on block printing, lauhala weaving, ti leaf lei making, and more. A free guided Cultural Forest Tour, and a Mele and Hula ‘Auana performance are also slated. Visit the website events calendar for the full lineup. volcanoartcenter.org

T-Ball and Coach Pitch Baseball League: Ocean View Team - Mondays and Wednesdays, Kahuku Park. Nā‘ālehu Team - Tuesdays and Thursdays, Nā‘ālehu Park. Pāhala Team (seeking coaches) - attend Nā‘ālehu practice. T-Ball, 3:30 p.m. to 4:30 pm, ages 5-6. Coach Pitch, 4:30 p.m. to 6 p.m., ages 7-8. Programs take place through April 16. Wear cleats or tennis shoes, bring a glove if possible. Extras gloves available for use. All skills and genders welcome. $35 per teammate. See Ka‘ū Youth Baseball on Facebook. Josh or Elizabeth Crook, 345-0511

Tūtū & Me Home Visiting Program is a free service to Pāhala families with keiki, birth to five years old. This caregiver support program offers those taking care of young keiki "a compassionate listening ear, helpful parenting tips and strategies, fun and exciting activities, and wonderful educational resources" from Tūtū & Me Traveling Preschool. Home visits are one hour in length, two to four times per month, for 12 to 15 visits. Snacks are provided. See pidfoundation.org or call 808-938-1088.

To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter. See our online calendars and our latest print edition at kaucalendar.com.