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Saturday, January 09, 2021

Ka‘ū News Briefs, Saturday, January 9, 2021

Scientists recently walked along a portion of Chain of Craters Road that was broken by the eruption of
2018. Their most recent aim was to set up remote seismic instruments for the new Kīlauea eruption.

USGS photo by P. Dotray
HOW DOES THE MAGAMA TRAVEL IN THE SHALLOW PLUMBING SYSTEM of Kīlauea Volcano? Within an hour of the Kīlauea summit eruption starting on Dec. 20, Hawai‘i Volcano Observatory permanent seismic network detected a signal called a volcanic tremor. This tremor signal has been continuous since that time, uninterrupted and traveling through the subsurface, as magma degasses and erupts from vents to fill a lava lake at the summit, report USGS scientists.
    In recent weeks, with permission from Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park, HVO researchers set up temporary seismic instruments around Halema‘uma‘u crater to collect data that will help them learn more. Field crews hiked along a portion of Crater Rim Drive, damaged during the 2018 Kīlauea summit collapse, in order to reach temporary seismic instrument deployment sites. They set up a dense network of temporary seismic instruments, say scientists posting on HVO's website.
    The temporary instruments supplement the data collected by HVO's permanent seismic network and help track migration and storage of magma. 
Floating islands at Halemaʻumaʻu in 2017 at top and this year, at bottom. Modern image by K. Mulliken/USGS
    HVO field crews report they have also accessed, via helicopter, the down-dropped block that formed during Kīlauea's 2018 summit collapse events and deployed two temporary seismic instruments there.
    USGS also notes that islands have been observed in Kīlauea lava lakes for more than 100 years—some move and some are moored. USGS released two Halemaʻumaʻu crater images, one from 1917, the other taken this year. They both show islands floating in lava lakes. The 1917 photographic panorama was taken from the edge of the lava lake, which was only about 30 m (100 ft) below crater rim and Kīlauea caldera floor. At the time, the island rose about 20 m (65 ft) up from the surface and was 100 m (330 ft) wide in the direction depicted. This photograph accompanies a painting of the same feature in Volcano Art at Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park—A Science Perspective.
    With the advent of photographic Digital Elevation Models, scientists say, they are able to measure the current Halemaʻumaʻu crater lava lake features in three dimensions. In the January 2021 image, the largest island is about 250 m (820 ft) long, 135 m (440 ft) wide, and roughly 20 m (65 ft) tall. On Friday afternoon, Jan. 1, the islands' edges were about 6 m (20 ft) above the lava lake surface. By Monday, Jan. 4 the whole island had risen by about 2 m (6-7 ft). "Photographs, webcam imagery, and eyewitness observations indicate that it formed through a combination of lava interacting with the lake water, early lava flows, and tephra erupted from the early highest fountains. The island has rotated and moved both eastward and westward since its formation on the first day of the eruption. At 10:30 p.m. on Jan. 6, the island stalled in rotation and movement. The apparent buoyancy changes of the island may be due to a density increase in the lava lake as gases escape or sloughing off of island material from the subsurface." Read more at HVO's website.

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HVO crew member installs a temporary seismic instrument to take
 measurements during the new Kīlauea Summit eruption.
Photo by J. Chang/USGS.
VOLCANO WATCH FOCUSES ON TEPHRA this week in an article by U.S. Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientists and affiliates Dr. Carolyn Parcheta and Dr. Johanne Schmith. In addition to a new year and a new eruption, HVO is ushering in a new era for processing and studying volcanic samples. "The new lab will allow us to better understand physical properties of tephra," says the introduction to Volcano Watch
    Tephra is any type and size of rock fragment that is forcibly ejected from a volcano and travels an airborne path during an eruption. Examples include ash, bombs, scoria, and shards of volcanic glass such as Pele's hair and Pele's tears). 
    The tephra lab will help HVO geologists streamline quantitative measurements of physical characteristics such as density, size, and shape of individual tephra particles along with types of tephra. Using this information, HVO geologists can address a range of topics—from magma ascent and eruption processes to broader ashfall deposition from past explosive eruptions. It is important to get these measurements as accurately and quickly as possible during an eruption. 
    HVO's new lab is unique in its ability to analyze a wide size range of samples, from one meter (3 ft) to one micron (0.00004 in). The sample processing is non-destructive and analysis is fast with each type of measurement taking only minutes, and all measurements are estimated to take 1–2 hours total. The non-destructive nature of these new instruments and methods is revolutionary and allows us to perform a full suite of analyses on the same sample (instead of different samples of the same material) for a more integrated understanding of eruptions, and allows samples to be fully preserved. 
    So, what are the new machines? How does a sample travel through our new lab and what can we learn from it? 
USGS HVO scientists deploy temporary seismic measuring instruments, some of them
 by helicopter, with permission from Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park.
USGS photo by P. Dotray
    First, we need to know what the sample is made of—its components. Componentry helps us understand what type of eruption we are dealing with. 
    For tephra samples straight from the field, HVO has two new stereoscopes that use reflected light. Looking through them, geologists can manually separate the different components that might make up the sample, such as fresh glassy lava, crystals, and small pieces of the crater wall. 
    Next, we measure density. For pieces of lava, measuring density helps us understand how frothy (or buoyant) the magma was when it erupted, which tells us about eruption dynamics. 
    We determine sample density by measuring its mass and volume. For pieces of tephra larger than 5 cm (2 in), the volume is calculated using a 3D scanner, and then the sample is weighed. Smaller grains from gravel to powdery ash sizes will be placed in a pycnometer—a machine that calculates density directly using Archemides principle of volume displacement with nitrogen gas. The pycnometers work with foams (scoria and pumice) as well as ash and helps us understand eruption dynamics. 
    Then, the samples will be measured for size, which informs us about how magma gets ripped apart to produce tephra from lava fountains and explosions. 
    Fragments larger than 3 cm (1.2 in) are sieved in the traditional (manual) way, while smaller grains will run through one of the new Camsizers—a machine that photographs each fragment and converts the image to a size measurement. The Camsizers can measure tens of thousands of fragments in as little as 5 minutes! Additionally, they use the images to measure the 2D shape of fragments using established mathematical parameters. Size information is essential for models of lava fountaining and ashfall. 
3D scanner and a pycnometer (left) used to measure the density of tephra samples. Center: A close-up view of several pieces of tephra collected by Hawaiian Volcano Observatory geologists for analysis. The tephra, produced by the fissures erupting within Halema‘um‘u crater, is transported and deposited downwind of the eruptive vents. USGS photo taken by C. Parcheta on Dec.23, 2020. Right: Stereoscope and Petrographic microscope for textural and mineral studies.

    A final, longer-term step (weeks to months) might occur for fragments from any sample. Those pieces will be turned into a thin section (rock epoxied to a glass plate and cut thin enough to see through it) for final analysis on a petrographic microscope. HVO has two new petrographic microscopes with different sets of lenses: one can assess bubble sizes, bubble textures, and magma-mixing textures, while the other can focus on crystals and melt inclusions within them. 
    HVO's new tephra lab instruments are here, installed, and currently being calibrated. Samples from the Dec. 20, 2020, eruption in Halema‘uma‘u at Kīlauea's summit will be the first analyzed. The HVO tephra lab brings physical volcanology monitoring of eruptions to near-real-time analysis. 
    Volcano Awareness Month 2021 schedule of recorded programs to the HVO website (www.usgs.gov/hvo) later this month. Check the current eruption website (https://www.usgs.gov/volcanoes/kilauea/current-eruption) for more information and updates on the current eruption of Kīlauea Volcano. 
Setting up seismograph. Photo by J. Chang/USGS
    Volcano Activity Updates: Kīlauea Volcano is erupting. Its USGS Volcano Alert level is at WATCH. See (https://www.usgs.gov/natural-hazards/volcano-hazards/about-alert-levels) where Kīlauea updates are issued daily. 
    Lava activity is confined to Halemaʻumaʻu with lava erupting from vents on the northwest side of the crater. Wednesday afternoon (Jan. 6), the lava lake was 194 m (636 ft) deep and perched 1-2 m (1-2 yds) above its edge. Sulfur dioxide emission rate measurements made on Sunday (Jan. 3) were in the range of 3,000–6,500 t/d, this range of values was common for emissions from the pre-2018 lava lake. Summit tiltmeters recorded weak deflationary tilt since Jan. 1; at 3 p.m. Jan. 6, rapid deflationary tilt started similar to the beginning of a possible deflation-inflation (DI) event. Seismicity remained elevated but stable, with steady elevated tremor and a few minor earthquakes. For the most current information on the eruption, see https://www.usgs.gov/volcanoes/kilauea/current-eruption.
    Mauna Loa is not erupting and remains at Volcano Alert Level ADVISORY. This alert level does not mean that an eruption is imminent or that progression to eruption from current level of unrest is certain. Mauna Loa updates are issued weekly. 
    This past week, about 40 small-magnitude earthquakes were recorded beneath the upper-elevations of Mauna Loa; most of these occurred at depths of less than 8 kilometers (about 5 miles). The largest recorded earthquake was a M2.1 beneath the volcano's northwest flank on January 4 at 6:42 p.m. HST. The earthquake activity on Mauna Loa's northwest flank, which began on December 4, 2020, has subsided to average long-term trends. Global Positioning System (GPS) measurements recorded contraction across the summit caldera since mid-October with extension (summit inflation) resuming in the past few weeks, consistent with magma supply to the volcano's shallow storage system. Gas concentrations and fumarole temperatures at both the summit and Sulphur Cone on the Southwest Rift Zone remain stable. Webcam views have revealed no changes to the landscape over the past week. For more information on current monitoring of Mauna Loa Volcano, see https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanoes/mauna_loa/monitoring_summary.html
    Visit HVO's website for past Volcano Watch articles, Kīlauea and Mauna Loa updates, volcano photos, maps, recent earthquake info, and more. Email questions to askHVO@usgs.gov. 

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Onset of COVID-19 cases in the last 14 days, by zip code. Gray

areas have populations less than 1,000. White is zero cases.

Yellow is one to 10 cases. Light orange is 11-50 cases. Dark

orange is 51-200 cases. Department of Health map

HAWAIʻI ISLAND REPORTS 20 NEW COVID CASES today. The average daily new case rate over the last two weeks for Hawaiʻi Island is ten.
    New cases reported statewide today total 250, with 158 on Oʻahu, 50 on Maui, and 20 residents diagnosed out-of-state. The average daily case rate for the state is 167 over the last two weeks.
    Since the pandemic began, 49 deaths have been reported on Hawaiʻi Island. At least 307 people have died in the state, four reported today.
    Since the pandemic began, there have been 23,143 total COVID cases in the state. Oʻahu has reported 19,071 total cases, Hawaiʻi 1,994, Maui 1,247, Lanaʻi 106, Molokaʻi 25, and Kauaʻi 157. Residents diagnosed while out-of-state, 543. Statewide, 1,543 people have been hospitalized since the pandemic began.
    In the last 14 days, zero active cases have been reported in zip code 96737, which includes Ocean View, and Volcano zip code 96785.
    In the last 14 days, less than ten active cases have been reported in zip code 96704, which includes Miloliʻi; zip code 96772, which includes Nāʻālehu, Waiʻōhinu, and Discovery Harbour; Kaʻū zip code 96777, which includes Pāhala; and Volcano zip code 96718.
    In the last 14 days 33 cases have been reported in Kona zip codes 96740, 22 in Hilo zip code 96720, and 18 cases in 96743, which includes Waikaloa Village, Waimea, Kawaihae, Puakō, Waikui, and Akona.
    See the Hawaiʻi County COVID-19 webpage, coronavirus-response-county-of-hawaii-hawaiicountygis.hub.arcgis.com. Report violators of COVID-19 safety protocols or quarantine to non-emergency at 935-3311. Hawaiʻi Island police continue enforcement of preventative policies.
    Cumulative COVID-19 case count in the U.S. is more than 22,129,231. The death toll is more than 372,384. Worldwide, more than 89.6 million total COVID-19 cases have been reported. The death toll is more than 1,928,228.

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Captain Kiko Johnston-Kitazawa (left) and James Akau (right) on The Golden Rule, after sailing her from Kauaʻi to
Honolulu in January of 2020. They had planned to sail to the Marshall Islands and on to Japan for the 75th anniversary
 of the nuclear bombing at Hiroshima, but the pandemic delayed the mission. Photo from The Golden Rule Project

             Kaʻū Life: The Way We Were Last Year

KAʻŪ CREW MEMBERS SAILED THE GOLDEN RULE from Kauaʻi to Oʻahu in under 18 hours, at the beginning of last year. Fourth-generation canoe builder Kiko Johnston-Kitazawa of Honuʻapo, captained the voyage, joined by Pāhala waterman James Akau. The 30-foot vessel and a varied crew sailed throughout the Hawaiian Islands, spreading the anti-nuclear message of The Golden Rule Project, a mission of national organization Veterans For Peace. See more at vfpgoldenruleproject.org.
The Golden Rule, in Ala Wai slip 638. 
Photo from The Golden Rule Project
    In September of 2019, Akau sailed The Golden Rule from Hilo to Maʻalea, Maui, where the crew was greeted by grateful Marshall Islanders whose home islands were desecrated by nuclear weapons testing generations ago.
    Following the passage from Kauaʻi to Honolulu, The Golden Rule rested in Ala Wai Boat Harbor slip 638 for repairs, After repairs, The Golden Rule Project planned to sail the boat to the Marshall Islands, Guam, Okinawa, and South Korea, with arrival in Japan by August for the 75th anniversary of the nuclear bombing of Hiroshima. However,  the COVID-19 pandemic made the voyage impossible and the sailboat has remained in Hawaiʻi.
    Johnston-Kitazawa is a well-known canoe builder, sailor, and educator. He shares his perspective on sailing and building iconic Hawaiian canoes. One of his frequently used visual aids is a 28-foot double-hulled canoe, called a waʻa kaulua. The canoe was built in 1993 from two hulls crafted in the 1950's. 
Capt. Kiko, working on a canoe.
    He added the wooden ʻiako (crossbeams) and planks to form the pola (platform) between the two canoe hulls. He then lashed all these parts together using traditional Hawaiian methods: rope. He also added a mast and sail to the platform. No nails, bolts, or screws were used in its construction, though dacron sail cloth is used for the sail. Ten people can sit comfortably in the two canoe hulls and paddle the sailing canoe, which can reach speeds of up to 21 knots.
    Johnston-Kitazawa details the different styles of canoes and explains when and why each were used throughout Hawaiʻi's history. Polynesians who originally settled the island, possibly first landing in Punaluʻu, arrived by canoe. For island life, canoes were essential for fishing and trading, and for wars and unifying the islands.
    Capt. Kiko, as he is known in the community, was born on Oʻahu. His family moved to Hilo when he was about five years old. He raised his two sons in Kaʻū, as a longtime resident and boatbuilder at Punaluʻu, while his wife Margaret Johnston-Kitazawa served as the physician at Kaʻū Hospital.
Concerning his boatbuilding passion, he told The Kaʻū Calendar that he remembers reading a book at seven years old, in the Hilo Boys Club Library: Kodoku, Sailing Alone Across the Pacific by Kenichi Horie. 
Capt. Kiko, showing rowing techniques aboard a Hawaiian canoe.
    Johnston-Kitazawa owned his first sailboat at age 14 and his first captain's license at age 18. At 14, he sailed on a 40-foot catamaran from Hawaiʻi to Victoria, British Columbia. He has since sailed from Hawaiʻi to Canada and California three times – a journey not favored by prevailing winds.
    He has built and sailed traditional Hawaiian canoes in Hawaiʻi for more than 30 years. He teaches sailing and navigation on his canoes to many school children, classroom most often in Hilo Bay. He also teaches Hawaiian boat building to those interested in learning. Over the years, many people have stopped by his canoe at many community events for his expert instruction and hands-on experience in building boats and lashing canoes.
    For more information on his canoe excursions, open to the public, out of Hilo Bay, go to Captain Kiko's web page, waakaulua.com/index.htm.

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A CONSERVATION STEWARDSHIP PROGRAM SIGN-UP period ends Jan. 15. Pacific Island Area agricultural producers and landowners must apply for assistance from the U.S. Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service Conservation Stewardship Program by Friday, Jan. 15. The program provides financial and technical assistance for implementing conservation measures on working lands. See https://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/main/pia/programs/financial/csp/.

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YOUNG FARMER GRANT APPLICATIONS are due Jan. January 15. The National Young Farmers Coalition is offering 50 grant awards of $5,000 each to young farmers and ranchers, including five awards to projects starting in 2021. Young Farmer Grants provide flexible financial support to young farmers building long-term careers in agriculture. Applicants must be farmers and ranchers between 18 and 40 years of age as of April 1, 2021. Applications are due by Friday, January 15. Visit the program website for more information and to apply.

To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter. See our Fresh Food on The Kaʻū Calendar and our latest print edition at kaucalendar.com.

Daily, weekly, and monthly recurring Kaʻū and Volcano Events, Meetings, Entertainment, Exercise, Meditation, and more are listed at kaucalendar.com.

Directory for farms, ranches, takeout. The Kaʻū Calendar is free,
 7,500 distributed to stands and all postal addresses throughout Kaʻū,
 from Miloliʻi through Volcano. Read online at  kaucalendar.com
 and facebook.com/kaucalendar. To advertise your 
business or your social cause, contact kaucalendarads@gmail.com.

A JUNIOR MASTER GARDENER PROGRAM  for ages 12 - 18 will be held beginning Saturday, Jan. 16 at Pahala Plantation House on the corner of Maile and Pikake Streets. The sessions will be on Saturdays from 10 a.m. to 11 a.m.
     They are sponsored by University of Hawai`i Cooperative Extension Office and its junior extension agent Marielle Hampton.
     The six workshops are based on the 4-H Junio Marster Gardeners Program's Learn, Grow, Eat & Go curriculum. 
    Those interested can contact Katie Graham at katie.graham@foodcorps.org. Call 808-785-0012

VOLCANO ART CENTER announces the return of its Zentangle workshops. They include Back to the Basics with Valdeane Odachi this Saturday, Jan. 9 from 10 a.m – 1 p.m. Another is Saturday Clay - High Fire with Erik Wold, an eight-class workshop series starting Jan. 9 from 11 a.m. – 2 p.m. Visit www.volcanoartcenter.org for full event details and more.

A BRUSH WITH LIGHT gives the public a chance to "immerse in Hawaiʻi Island’s magnificent landscapes and plants," says the statement from Volcano Art Center. Catherine Robbins’ "evocative oil paintings" will be a solo exhibition, A Brush with Light – Volcanic Island Reflections, at Volcano Art Center Gallery in Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park. The show runs from Jan. 9 through Feb. 14, 9 a.m. – 4 p.m., Wednesday – Sunday. A special virtual opening reception with Robbins will occur via Zoom on Saturday, Jan. 9 beginning at 11a.m. To register for the Zoom link, RSVP by Jan. 6 to gallery@volcanoartcenter.org.

STRATEGIES TO JUMPSTART learning the craft of writing will be taught through Volcano Art Center on Jan. 23 by Jacquolyn McMrray and Kristen Wolfgang from 9 a.m. to noon. "How long has writing been on your bucket list? Are you ready to make 2021 the year you finally get started or restarted?" asks VAC in a statement on the seesion The Strategies to Jump-Start Your Writing livestream Zoom workshop "is perfect for beginning writers seeking new inspiration and strategies. Visit www.volcanoartcenter.org for full event details and more. 

A SERIES OF CHILDREN'S CLASSES will be offered by Volcano Art Center in January and early February. East African Handbuilding for Keiki with Erik Wold presents six ceramics classes for children ages 8 – 15 on Tuesdays from 3:30 p.m. to 5 p.m., Jan. 5 – Feb. 9. The Kids Drawing Class with Ken Charon is six drawing classes for children ages 8 – 14 on Wednesdays from 3:30 p.m. to 5 p.m., Jan. 6 – Feb. 10. Beginning Bead Embroidery with Cabochons with Rona Smith is a series of six bead embroidery classes for children ages 10 – 14 on Thursdays from 3:30 p.m. to 5 p.m., Jan. 7 – Feb. 11. Visit www.volcanoartcenter.org for full event details and more.

Nominate Businesses that Provide Excellent COVID-19 Safety Precautions for a Gold Star. Submit nominations to County of Hawaiʻi Department of Research and Development at rb.gy/fsrkwg. Find help for small businesses at rb.gy/sxzjt0.


Golf and Social Memberships for Discovery Harbour Golf Course and its Clubhouse. The new Club offers Social Memberships, with future use of the clubhouse and current use of the pickleball courts as well as walking and running on specified areas of the golf course before 8 a.m. and after 3 p.m. to enjoy the panoramic ocean views. Golf memberships range from unlimited play for the avid golfer to casual play options. Membership is required to play and practice golf on the course. All golf memberships include Social Membership amenities. Membership fees are designed to help underwrite programs and improvements to the facilities. Call 808-731-5122 or stop by the Clubhouse during business hours, 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. daily at 94-1581 Kaulua Circle. Email clugatdiscoveryharbour@gmail.com. See The Club at Discovery Harbour Facebook page.

Hike one of the many open trails, drive to the overlooks in Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park at Volcano and Kahuku units. See nps.gov/havo.

Take a Guided Nature Walkthrough Nature Trail & Sculpture Garden, Mondays, 9:30 a.m. at Volcano Art Center Niʻaulani Campus in Volcano Village. No reservations for five or fewer – limited to ten people. Free; donations appreciated. Email programs@volcanoartcenter.org. Garden is open to walk through at one's own pace, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. weekdays. volcanoartcenter.org, 967-8222 

KaiLoki's, at the old Mehe's location in Ocean View, offers live music and karaoke on a to-be-determined schedule, along with a locally-sourced menu and bar. See facebook.com/KaiLokis.

Free Lifetime Entry for Veterans and Gold Star Families to Hawaiʻi Volcanoes and other national parks. Details at rb.gy/k3evh6.


Purchase The Volcano School of Arts & Sciences Fundraising calendars, t-shirts, and sweatshirts. review the calendar at rb.gy/tmxzva. Order the Calendar using this form: rb.gy/ytekoz. Send payment or donations to VSAS PayPal, paypal.com/paypalme/VolcanoSchool. VSAS is also selling school t-shirts and sweatshirts. Order from here: rb.gy/2a4cim. Send in order forms and payment to the main office: VSAS, PO Box 845, Volcano, HI 96785. For a printed copy of the order form to be mailed, contact Kaye at 985-9800, knagamine@volcanoschool.net. Contact Kanani at kwylie@volcanoschool.net for more information and assistance with ordering.

Volcano Art Center online, in person. Shop at Niʻaulani Campus in Volcano Village, Monday through Friday, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Gallery in Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park, open Wednesday through Sunday, 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. Virtual Shopping Appointments offered via Skype or FaceTime. Book at volcanoartcenter.org/shop for $5. Shop online gallery 24/7. Orders shipped or free local pickup available. See the VAC Virtual Classroom, which features over 90 videos. See volcanoartcenter.org/events, call 967-8222. 

Kaʻū Coffee Mill & Visitor Center. Buy online at kaucoffeemill.com and in person at 96-2694 Wood Valley Road, Tuesday through Thursday, 9 a.m. to 3 pm.

Punaluʻu Bake Shop online at bakeshophawaii.com and in-person 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., seven days a week.

Aliʻi  Hawaiian Hula Hands Coffee. Order by calling 928-0608 or emailing alihhhcoffee@yahoo.com.

Aikane Coffee Plantation. Order online at aikaneplantation.com. Call 808-927-2252

Miranda's Farms Coffee. Order online at mirandasfarms.com or, in person at 73-7136 Mamalahoa Hwy, Nāʻālehu.

Kuahiwi Ranch Store, in person. Shop weekdays, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., Sunday, 11 am to 3 p.m. at 95-5520 Hwy 11. Locally processed grass-fed beef, live meat chickens, and feed for cattle, goats, sheep, chickens, horses, dogs, and pigs. Call 929-7333 of 938-1625, email kaohi@kuahiwiranch.com. 

Kaʻū Art Gallery, in-person in Nāʻālehu, Wednesdays and Saturdays from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. The Gallery is in the process of showcasing everything in the gallery online at kauartgallery.com. If interested in purchasing, contact Kaʻu Art Gallery at kauartgallery@hawaiiantel.biz.

Stay Home, Cook Rice – A Pandemic Limited Edition cookbook by Hawaiian Electric employees and retirees, and their families and friends costs $14 and includes more than 160 recipes. Benefits Hawaiʻi Island's United Way chapter partners, which includes Boys & Girls Club Big Island. Find order form at hawaiianelectric.com/unitedwaycookbook, call 543-4601 on weekdays from 8 a.m to 3 p.m., or email karen.garcia@hawaiianelectric.com. Cookbooks can only be mailed within the U.S. at USPS Priority Mail rate. Delays may be due to the pandemic. 


Attend Sunday Drive-In Worship Service at Waiʻōhinu's Kauahaʻao Congregational Church. Parking on the lawn begins at 10 a.m., with Worship Service starting at 10:10 a.m. Face coverings required when usher comes to vehicle to pass out worship bulletin and other materials, and at the same time, collect any offering or gifts the individual(s) would like to give, or when leaving vehicles for the restroom. Church provides paper fans to stay cool. Bring water. Catch the live-streamed service at 10:10 a.m. and Praise Jam, which runs from 9:15 a.m. to 9:45 a.m. Service is emailed Sunday afternoon to anyone on the email list. Sign up by emailing dwongyuen.kauahaaochurch@gmail.com or call 928-8039 or 937-2155.

St. Jude's Episcopal Church services and worship are posted online at StJudesHawaii.org. Join the Aloha Hour via Zoom at 11 a.m. on Sundays, at rb.gy/3jfbzd, Meeting ID: 684 344 9828, Password: Aloha. Weekly hot meals, hot showers, the computer lab, and in-person services and bible studies are suspended. Check the webpage for Christmas services.

Hope DIA-mend Ministries holds outdoor services Sundays at 9:45 a.m. at 92-898 Ginger Blossom Lane in Ocean View. Masks and distancing required. For help and/or to donate, call or text Pam and Lance Ako at 808-937-6355, or call the Ministry at 808-920-8137. See them on Facebook and at hopedia-mendministries.com.


Nominate Businesses that Provide Excellent COVID-19 Safety Precautions for a Gold Star. Submit nominations to County of Hawaiʻi Department of Research and Development at rb.gy/fsrkwg. Find help for small businesses at rb.gy/sxzjt0.


Volcano Farmers Market, Cooper Center, Volcano Village on Sundays. 6 a.m. to 10 a.m., with much local produce, baked goods, food to go, island beef and Kaʻū Coffee. Cooper Center's EBT Machine, used at the Farmer's Market, is out of service until further notice. EBT is used for Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, formerly Food Stamps. Call 808-967-7800.

Ocean View Community Market, open Saturdays and Wednesdays, 6:30 a.m. to 2 p.m., on the corner of Kona Drive and Highway 11, where Thai Grindz is located. Managed by Mark Council. Masks mandatory. 100-person limit, social distancing required. Gate unlocked for vendors at 5:30 a.m., $15 dollars, no reservations needed. Parking in upper lot only. Vendors must provide own sanitizer. Food vendor permits required. Carpooling encouraged.

ʻO Kaʻū Kākou Market, in Nāʻālehu, open Wednesday, and Saturday, 8 a.m. to noon. Limit of 50 customers per hour, 20 vendor booths, with 20 feet of space between vendors. Masks and hand sanitizing required, social distancing enforced. Contact Sue Barnett, OKK Market Manager, at 808-345-9374 (voice or text) or kaufarmer@aol.com for more and to apply to vend. See facebook.com/OKauKakouMarket.

Ocean View Swap Meet open at Ocean View makai shopping center, near Mālama Market. Hours for patrons are 8 a.m. to 3 p.m. Saturday and Sunday. Vendor set-up time is 5 a.m. Masks required.


Kaʻū Hospital offers COVID testing referral from the ER, a physician or a Kaʻū Clinic health provider.

Free Drive-Thru COVID Testing, Saturdays at Kea‘au High School in Puna, 1 p.m. to 5 p.m., and Wednesdays at Konawaena High School from 2 p.m. to 6 p.m. and Civic Auditorium in Hilo from 3 p.m. to 6 p.m. (enter from Kuawa Street entrance). No co-pay, no insurance necessary, but bring insurance card if have. People do not have to have symptoms in order to be tested. Social distancing must be observed and face coverings must be worn at all times. For more, call Civil Defense at 935-0031.

Micronesian-Language COVID-19 Helpline is supported by We Are Oceania, weareoceania.org, to help with identifying COVID-19 symptoms, testing, quarantine, health insurance, housing, unemployment. Call (808) 913-1364. Watch the video at facebook.com/watch/?v=989579144844697.

Anyone Feeling Depressed or Anxious, or who needs someone to talk to, can call Department of Health's expanded Hawai‘i C.A.R.E.S. program at 1-800-753-6879 – the same number previously used by Crisis Line of Hawai‘i. Individuals in crisis can also text ALOHA to 741741, available 24/7.

Learn How to Practice Self-Care through Big Island Substance Abuse Council's Practice Self-Care Series. For additional series that feature refreshing wellness tips, follow the Behavioral Health & Homelessness Statewide Unified Response Group at facebook.com/bhhsurg.

Sign Up for Two Women's Health Programs from Kaʻū Women's Collective. Piko focuses on reproductive health; increasing access, respect, cultural competence, education, and choice. Pilina aims to grow membership and establish a culture of collaborative decision-making. Follow @kau_womens_health_collective. Contact rootsmedieshawaii@gmail.com. Call 808-450-0498.

Resources for LGBTQ+, Loved Ones, and Allies at Sexual and Gender Minority online resource hub at health.hawaii.gov/camhd/lgbtq-safe-spaces.

Talk Story on Nā Leo TV series aims to help deliver accurate and current information to Hawaiʻi Island residents. Airs live Thursdays at 10 a.m. on Spectrum Channel 53, streaming on Nā Leo's free mobile app, and on-demand at naleo.tv/covid19.

Health and Fitness Website for Kūpuna, 808b-fit.com, contains videos for kūpuna to play and move along with. There are videos for stretching, tai chi, yoga, dancing, dance fitness, bon dance, hula, chair dancing, and chair yoga.

Yoga with Emily Catey Weiss, Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, 8 a.m. to 9 a.m. at Volcano Art Center Niʻaulani Campus in Volcano Village. Advanced registration required; $5 per class. volcanoartcenter.org/events, 967-8222.

Choose Aloha for Home is available to families, to provide a healthy way to grow together using neuroscience and positive psychology. Program uses a series of self-guided videos, activities, and "dinner table discussion topics." Sign up at chooselovemovement.org/choose-love-home.


Pick up food weekdays in the parking lot of ACE Hardware in Ocean View from Hope DIA-mend Ministries TLC at 4:45 p.m. About 300 meals available each day, coordinated by pastors Pam and Lance Ako. For help or to donate, call or text Ako at 808-937-6355, or call 808-920-8137. See them on Facebook and at hopedia-mendministries.com.

Bulk School Meal Service for those 18 and under will be held at Volcano and Pāhala on alternating Fridays. Jan. 8 at Kaʻū District Gym, Jan. 15, 10 a.m. to 1 p.m., pick up food in Volcano. Food items include eggs, cereal, dry pasta, rice, beans, tortillas, milk, and canned vegetables and fruit. Each distribution provides enough food for every person 18 years and under to eat breakfast and lunch. No income requirements. Youth do not need to be present to receive bags but be prepared to give their names and birthdates. See volcanoschool.net or call 808-985-9901.

Emergency Boxes Available at Cooper Center Tuesday through Saturday 8 a.m. to 11:15 a.m. Call ahead, 967-7800. 

Free food for keiki offered at Resilience Hub, Nāʻālehu Hongwanji on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, noon to 4 p.m. The Hub also features drop-in WiFi and laptop access. Location is 95-5695 Hawaiʻi Belt Rd. Contact Michelle Galimba, 808-430-4927, for more.


Virtual presentation, Sea Turtles in Hawaiʻi. Register to watch at rb.gy/rkd2fd

Free WiFi Access for Students is available in Pāhala, Nāʻālehu, and Ocean View through Kaʻū High & Pāhala Elementary. Read details on Page 7. Questions? See khpes.org or call 313-4100.

Resilience Hub at Nāʻālehu Hongwanji, Monday-Wednesday-Friday, noon to 4 p.m. Drop-in wifi and laptop access, free meals for participating keiki. Follows all county, state, and federal COVID-19 guidelines. Contact Michelle Galimba, 808-430-4927. See story on Page 7.

Register for Boys & Girls Club Mobile Outreach and Tutoring Programs at rb.gy/o1o2hy. For keiki grades 1-6. Contact Boys & Girls Club of the Big Island Administrative Office, Monday through Friday, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., at (808) 961-5536 or email mobiletutoring@bgcbi.org or info@bgcbi.org.

ʻOhana Help Desk offers online How-To Guides for Chromebooks and iPads at rb.gy/8er9wm. ʻOhana Help Desk also available by phone, weekdays, 7 a.m. to 8 p.m., Sundays from 4 p.m. to 8 p.m.

Invite Park Rangers to Virtually Visit Classes, through connecting with teachers and home-schoolers with distance learning programs and virtual huakaʻi (field trips). Contact havo_education@nps.gov.

Weekly Virtual Town Meetings, hosted by Kaʻū High & Pāhala Elementary, Wednesdays at 5:30 p.m. Discussion topics include attendance, best practices, Grab-n-Go meals, school updates, questions and feedback, and more. Go to KHPES.org for Live WebEx link.

Pāhala and Nāʻālehu Public Libraries, open for WiFi, pick-up, and other services. Nāʻālehu open Monday and Wednesday, 9 a.m. to 4 p.m., Friday, 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. Pāhala open Tuesday, noon to 7 p.m., Thursday, 9 a.m. to 4 p.m., limited entry into library with Wiki Visits. Schedule a Library Take Out time at picktime.com/hspls. Open for library card account help and reference assistance from the front door. WiFi available to anyone with a library card, from each library parking lot. See librarieshawaii.org.

Free Book Exchanges, at laundromats in Ocean View and Nāʻālehu, provided by Friends of the Kaʻū Libraries. Open to all. Keep the books, pass them on to other readers, or return them. Selection of books replenished weekly at both sites.

Read Report on Public Input about Disaster Recovery from damage during the 2018 Kīlauea eruption. View the Civic Engagement and Comment Analysis Report at rb.gy/awu65k

Watch Hawaiʻi's 28th Annual Filipino Fiesta and 8th Flores de Mayo virtual celebration at rb.gy/b53jgn.

Learn About Hawaiʻi's History & Culture through Papakilo Database, papakilodatabase.com.

Virtual Workshops on Hawaiʻi's Legislative Processes through Public Access Room. Sign up by contacting (808) 587-0478 or par@capitol.hawaii.gov. Ask questions and discuss all things legislative in a non-partisan environment. Attend Coffee Hour with PAR: Fridays at 3 p.m. on Zoom, meeting ID 990 4865 9652 or click zoom.us/j/99048659652. PAR staff will be available to answer questions and to discuss the legislative process. Anyone wanting to listen in without taking part in discussions is welcome. Learn more at lrb.hawaii.gov/public-access-room.


Online Directory at shopbigisland.com, co-sponsored by County of Hawai‘i, has a signup sheet for local businesses to fill in the blanks. The only requirement is a physical address on this island.

Apply for The Volcano School of Arts & Sciences COVID-19 Family Relief Funds. Funded by Volcano Community Association, and members of the VSAS Friends and Governing Boards, who have donated, the fund supplies KTA or Dimple Cheek Gift Cards, or gift cards to other locally owned business, to VSAS families in need. Contact Kim Miller at 985-8537, kmiller@volcanoschool.net. Contributions to the fund can be sent in by check to: VSAS, PO Box 845, Volcano, HI 96785 – write Relief Fund in the memo. See volcanoschool.net.

Marketing Assistance, for small businesses affected by COVID-19, from University of Hawaiʻi-Hilo faculty and the senior class at bit.ly/2YvFxsl

Apply for Utility Assistance to pay for electricity, non-government water, or gas. Applicants must be a Hawaiʻi Island resident, at least 18 years old, lost income or work hours due to COVID-19, and not previously received assistance from other COVID-19 federal or state-funded programs. Funded by CARES Act and distributed by Hawaiʻi County Economic Opportunity Council, required documents for application are government-issued identification, income verification documents for all household members, utility statement with address of services, lease/rental agreement or mortgage document, and proof of hardship. Hardship may include, but not limited to, pay stubs documenting pre-COVID-19 income, unemployment approval letter, or layoff letter. Apply at HCEOC.net or call 808-961-2681.

Apply for Expanded Hawaiʻi County Rent and Mortgage Assistance Program. Contact RMAP partners: Hawaiian Community Assets/Hawaiʻi Community Lending, HawaiianCommunity.net, 808-934-0801; HOPE Services Hawaiʻi, hopeserviceshawaii.org/rmap, 808-935- 3050; Hawai‘i First Federal Credit Union, hawaiifirstfcu.com/pathways, 808-933- 6600; Neighborhood Place of Puna, neighborhoodplaceofpuna.org/coronavirus-rent-mortgage-relief, 808-965-5550; Hawai‘i Island Home for Recovery, hihrecovery.org/RMAP, 808-640-4443 or 808- 934-7852; Habitat for Humanity Hawai‘i Island, habitathawaiiisland.org/rmap.html, 808-450-2118.

Apply for Holomua Hawaiʻi Relief Grants for small businesses and nonprofits, up to $10,000, support core operations, safe on-going and reopening costs, personal protective equipment, and training and technical assistance. The business or nonprofit must employ 50 people or fewer. See rb.gy/v2x2vy

Receive Help Over the Phone with Critical Financial Issues, through Cities for Financial Empowerment Fund Financial Navigators from County of Hawaiʻi, in partnership with Hawaiʻi First Federal Credit Union. Complete webform at hawaiifirstfcu.com/community-resource-center or call 808-933-6600. Contact Sharon Hirota at 808-961-8019 with questions.


Contact AskUSDA at (833) ONE-USDA with representatives available 4 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. weekdays. The website, ask.usda.gov is available 24/7 and includes live chat agents available 5 a.m. to 1 p.m. on weekdays. Inquiries can also be sent via email at any time to askusda@usda.gov.

Women Farmers can Register with Hawaiʻi Women Farmers Directory, a statewide online directory of women-operated farms, ranches, and agribusinesses. Visit the program website to register, rb.gy/87fn9d.

Coffee Growers are urged to take a survey on how the pandemic is affecting them by Hawaiʻi Coffee Association. Take the survey here: surveymonkey.com/r/638VWS6.

Program to Sell Produce and Meats on Hawaiʻi Island from commercial farmers and livestock producers on Hawai‘i Island for distribution to families in need. Learn more at rb.gy/exzuk1

Native Hawaiian Farmers and Ranchers urged to use U.S. Dept. of Ag On-Farm Market Directory. Visit the program website, ams.usda.gov/local-food-directories/onfarm.

Read About Seed Biodiversity for Hawaiʻi's Local Food System in It all Begin and Ends with Seed, where Education by Outreach Coordinator Nancy Redfeather shares her insights. Read the blog at rb.gy/ijai3y.

Find Grants and Loans Offered to Farmers and Ranchers, at oahuaca.org. The website has a new search feature. Find Rangeland Management Resources at globalrangelands.org/state/hawaii.

Learn Basics of Organic Farming, via free modules at rb.gy/4wio2y.


One-Time Emergency Food For Pets is available through KARES. Call David or Barbara Breskin at 319-8333.

Report Humpback Whales in Trouble at NOAA Fisheries 24 hour hotline, 1-888- 256-984. Also report distressed sea turtles, monk seals and dolphins.

Apply for Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale National Marine Sanctuary Advisory Council Members by Thursday, Jan. 14. Contact Cindy Among-Serrao via email at Cindy.Among-Serrao@noaa.gov or visit the sanctuary website, hawaiihumpbackwhale.noaa.gov.

For free Veterinary Care, Spay & Neuter, visit hihs.org, Services Tab, Spay and Neuter or Community Vet Care, or email petsupport@hihs.org. Call 808-217- 0154. All appointments must be scheduled in advance and are open to healthy dogs and cats. Two pets per family will be accommodated, each pet with own appointment. Unavailable to animals other than dogs and cats. Unavailable to strays and those with contagious illnesses.


Volunteer in the community – find out how at hawaiicommunityfoundation.org/participate.

Wai‘ōhinu Transfer Station is open Mondays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, 6 a.m. to 6 p.m. Recycling services available 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. HI-5 deposit beverage container collection Saturdays only, 8 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. "White goods" appliance collection services will accept one appliance per resident per day. Customers need to check in with the facility attendant before dropping an appliance off at the facility. No unattended drop-offs allowed. Visit hawaiizerowaste.org or call 961-8270. 

Ocean View Transfer Station is open Mondays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. HI-5 deposit beverage container collection will continue as usual on Saturdays only, 8 a.m. to 3 p.m. Visit hawaiizerowaste.org or call 961-8270. 

Sign Up for Solid Waste Operations Alerts at rb.gy/iemgrc for site closures, service hours, and more.