|A green sea turtle looks out toward Punalu‘u Black Sand Beach and boat ramp, a popular destination of visitors who |
support Hawai‘i's extreme dependence and concentration on tourism. Photo by Julia Neal
WHY IS HAWAI‘I'S ECONOMY SO CONCENTRATED? This is a question studied in a Brief from University of Hawai‘i Economic Research Organization. Author Steven Bond-Smith points out that "Two key characteristics that are often left out of economic models explain a lot about Hawai‘i’s economy: isolation and scale. Hawai‘i is a long way from the rest of America, or anywhere else for that matter. And Hawai‘i is small. Geographically, Hawai‘i isn’t even part of the North American continent: it is in Oceania, or more specifically in Polynesia.
|The UHERO brief notes Amazon helped|
Hawai`i change from net exporter
of goods to net importer in 2002.
Tourism generates a large 'export' income from both Asia and the continent. While each visitor to Hawai‘i isn’t as valuable as they used to be, accommodation options like Airbnb have opened up Hawai‘i to record numbers of visitors before the pandemic, reaching 10.4 million visitors in 2019. At the same time, the significant use of homes and apartments by visitors could be pushing up the costs of homes and contribute to a worsening housing crisis. Furthermore, tourism puts pressure on the infrastructure and ecosystems that host the amenities tourists come to visit.
For example, in 2002 Hawai‘i switched dramatically from a state with net exports to a state with net imports. The change was caused by Amazon offering free shipping to Hawai‘i for orders over a certain amount. E-commerce meant businesses could sell online from anywhere and that people could buy from anywhere. More crucially, only the most well-connected places can sell everywhere.
Read more about the effects of the Internet Age on Hawai`i's economy in Sunday's Kaʻū News Briefs.
A TRAFFIC ACCIDENT ON HWY 11 NEAR SOUTH POINT ROAD AND KAHUKU shut down Hwy 11 for several hours this evening between Mile Marker 68 and 70.
WHAT IS THAT SEISMIC NOISE? That is the title of USGS Volcano Watch this week, written by Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientist and affiliates:
At HVO, scientists uses dozens of seismometers to locate individual earthquakes and identify signals that are related to faulting and magma movement within our volcanoes.Seismometers also record vibrations caused by a variety of other sources. Signals generated by seismic noise vary greatly in intensity, duration, and source type. Some are easily identifiable while others remain a mystery. Each region in the world has a different selection of seismic noise depending on its geologic setting, cultural activities, and weather.
In today’s article, we’ll describe some of the more interesting sources of seismic noise that HVO seismologists see on a fairly regular basis. The following figures are called spectrograms. These plots can be a useful addition to the squiggly lines (or waveforms) that one typically associates with earthquakes because they allow the observer to easily identify complex or even multiple signals. Time is displayed on the horizontal axis, signal frequency is displayed on the vertical axis, and signal intensity is shown in color. The warmer the color, the stronger the signal is at that specific time and frequency.
If an analyst ever has any doubt over whether the signals they’re observing are actually weather, a quick peek at one of the webcams (https://www.usgs.gov/volcanoes/kilauea/webcams) overlooking Ahuʻailāʻau, Puʻuʻōʻō, or Halemaʻumaʻu will quickly confirm their suspicions.
This spectrogram shows not one but two commonly observed signals. The most noticeable is the set of ribbon-like lines across the top of the spectrogram. This undulating, high-frequency feature is a helicopter flying near the seismic station, likely carrying HVO staff monitoring the ongoing eruption in Halemaʻumaʻu at Kīlauea’s summit. It is sometimes possible for seismologists to determine the path of a helicopter by tracking it as it passes over multiple stations.
Speaking of the recent eruption, the steady low-frequency signal seen on the bottom of this spectrogram as a yellow-orange band is the eruptive tremor that started shortly after on the night of December 20, 2020. Since then, nearly all stations in the vicinity of the newly formed broke the surface in Halemaʻumaʻu at Kīlauea’s summit have been recording this continuous signal. passes over multiple stations.
Around the world, seismographs have been used to document events such as impending hurricanes, whale songs, fans celebrating during big football games, and even nuclear testing. Here in Hawaiʻi, weather, local air traffic, eruptive tremor, and rockfalls are a few of the interesting seismic signals that HVO seismologists can see while monitoring earthquake activity at our active volcanoes.
. For information about tsunami preparedness and safety, please visit these websites: Awareness Month in Hawai‘iTsunamiZone, International Tsunami Information Center, National Weather Service TsunamiReady, and Hawaii Energency Management Agency.
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WALK THROUGH A GUIDED NATURE TRAIL & Sculpture Garden, Mondays, 9:30 a.m. at Volcano Art Center Niʻaulani Campus in Volcano Village. No reservations for five or fewer – limited to ten people. Free; donations appreciated. Email email@example.com. Garden is open to walk through at one's own pace, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. weekdays. www.volcanoartcenter.org. Call 967-8222.
KAʻŪ ART GALLERY IS OPEN TO IN-PERSON TRAFFIC, Wednesdays and Saturdays from 9 a.m. - 3 p.m. in Nāʻālehu. It features and sells works by local artists and offers other gift items.
Kaʻū Art Gallery's website has 24/7 access online and is frequently updated to show current inventory items. "We are always looking to collaborate with local artists in our community," said assistant Alexandra Kaupu. Should anyone have an interest in being featured at Kaʻū Art Gallery and Gift Shop, contact gallery owner and director Corrine Kaupu at firstname.lastname@example.org
GOLF & MEMBERSHIPS for Discovery Harbour Golf Course and its Clubhouse:
The new Club offers Social Memberships, with future use of the clubhouse and current use of the pickleball courts as well as walking and running on specified areas of the golf course before 8 a.m. and after 3 p.m. to enjoy the panoramic ocean views. Golf memberships range from unlimited play for the avid golfer to casual play options. Membership is required to play and practice golf on the course. All golf memberships include Social Membership amenities. Membership fees are designed to help underwrite programs and improvements to the facilities.
Call 808-731-5122 or stop by the Clubhouse during business hours, 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. daily at 94-1581 Kaulua Circle. Email email@example.com.
See the newspaper at www.kaucalendar.com