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Thursday, November 10, 2022

Kaʻū News Briefs, Thursday, Nov. 10, 2022

He ipu a'o loko 'o Kīlauea – Kīlauea is a container of inspiration – is the Hawaiian proverb chosen for the
new Hula Kuhiko presentation that will soon be live again, after the pandemic, in Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park. Unuokeahi under direction of kumu hula Kapua Kaʻauʻa is one of the selected halau for the season. See more below.
Photo by Dino Morrow

LAYING NET WILL REQUIRE AN ANNUAL PERMIT, ACCORDING TO NEW RULES FROM THE STATE. They will also prohibit lay nets unattended. The Department of Land & Natural Resources approved a measure on Thursday that requires fishers statewide to apply and receive permits to employ lay nets to catch fish. Previously, each lay net was to be registered, a rule that was impossible to enforce, according to DLNR. 
     The new rules allow licensed lay net fishers to have a permit for multiple nets. Lay nets are suspended in the water and often left overnight to catch fish. The DLNR's Department of Aquatic Resources came up with the rules, stating that they will help protect unintended marine life from becoming entangled and killed. The new rules replace old rules that allowed lay nets to be left unattended for up to 30 minutes. The new rules allow no time for unattended lay nets. 
Thousands of feet of illegal lei nets seized by the
DLNR containing undersized fish and coral
Photo from DLNR
    The Division of Aquatic Resources justification statement says, "Monk seals, turtles, and other marine life can become entangled and die during the half-hour period of unattendance." The new rules require a lay net to be attended for the entire time it is set and clarify that a lay net "will be considered unattended if the lay net or surface buoys are not with eyesight of the person using the lay net."
    The Board of Land & Natural Resources approved these new rules proposed by DLNR’s Division of Aquatic Resources that will regulate the use of lay nets. There will be no fee for local residents, their family and the military to obtain the permits. Nonresidents must pay $25 a year.
    The new rules allow for lay net permits to be awarded annually. The new penalties for leaving lay nets or gill nets unattended in the water, subject violators to equipment and vessel seizure by the state's DLNR enforcement devision.
    The new rules also amend the definitions of aquatic species and other terms.
See https://dlnr.hawaii.gov/wp-content/uploads/2022/05/F-2.pdf and look for the section on lay nets.

To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see www.facebook.com/kaucalendar. See latest print edition at wwwkaucalendar.com. See upcoming events at https://kaunewsbriefs.blogspot.com/2022/04/upcoming-events-for-kau-and-volcano.html.

UNUOKEAHI'S KUMU HULA STACEY KAPUAIKAPOLIPELE KA'A'UA is one of the selected halau for Volcano Art Center's Hula Arts at Kīlauea performance series, which is soon to resume. The performances take place in Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park at the kahua hula (platform), located near the VAC Gallery. Entrance fees apply.
    On the winter solstice of 2016, Unuokeahi opened her doors under the tutelage of kumu hula Kapua. 
Kumu Hula Stacey Ka'a'ua
    Hālau Unuokeahi is made up of culturally sustainable members from various communities. Students who arrived at the hālau come to learn traditional and cultural leadership through moʻolelo, ritual, and environmental sustainability. Many of the students of Unuokeahi have reached or are reaching higher academic degrees, an essential piece for the journey of the hālau.
    Along with Hālau Unuokeahi comes the Unuiti Hula Ensemble program from Ka ʻUmeke Kaʻeo Charter school in Keaukaha. Started by her kumu, Taupōuri, in the early 2000's, Kumu ʻAuʻa continues this program throughout all 11-grade levels. Hula ʻaihaʻa, moʻolelo, and ritual are taught through the Hawaiian language medium. It is a rigorous program, requiring students to create, and manifest their hula world in every aspect. From making implements, gathering, fabrication, and 'āina projects, to haku hula, these core learning accouterments are required of every student. Paired with academics, it makes it for a dynamic program.
     The halau performances have gone dark since the Covid-19 pandemic began. Volcano Art Center announced that it is is pleased to soon resume the series which invites hula hālau from across Hawaiʻi to perform in a one-of-a-kind outdoor setting at the kahua hula (platform), located near the VAC Gallery. Audience members are encouraged to bring sun/rain gear and sitting mats.
    These family friendly, free events are currently unsponsored. 'Ohana or business that would like to offer support can contact Emily Weiss at Volcano Art Center. The Volcano Art Center is a non-profit educational organization created in 1974 to promote, develop, and perpetuate the artistic and cultural heritage of Hawai'i's people and environment through activities in the visual, literary, and performing arts. Visit www.volcanoartcenter.org or call 967-8222 for more information.

To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see www.facebook.com/kaucalendar. See latest print edition at wwwkaucalendar.com. See upcoming events at https://kaunewsbriefs.blogspot.com/2022/04/upcoming-events-for-kau-and-volcano.html.

A CLIMATE HUB FOCUSED ON HAWAI'I and Affiliated Pacific Islands is the proposal by Sen. Mazie Hirono. She made the request this week to Department of Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsak who oversees the ten official Climate Hubs in the U.S., including the Southwest Climate Hub, which covers Hawai'i, U.S. Affiliated Pacific Islands, Arizona, California, Nevada, New Mexico and Utah. The Southwest Climate Hub is based at New Mexico State University in Las Cruses near the Mexican border. Its latest Conference focused on the Colorado Basin. 
Hawai'i is roped into the Southwest Climate Hub for continental
 U.S.  Hawai'i and the Pacific islands could have their own.
   Among the ten Climate Hubs there is one set aside for the Caribbean to include Puerto Rico, but none for Hawai'i and the Pacific Basin. Hirono put forth that Hawai'i and the Pacific should have their own. "A number of local agricultural and natural resource stakeholders support establishing a USDA Climate Hub in Hawai'i," wrote Hirono. She invited the Secretary of Agriculture to visit Hawai'i "to see the unique challenges that our producers and natural resource managers face and learn more about the value that a USDA Climate Hub in Hawai'i would provide to our local communities."
     Hirono advised the USDA Secretary:
    "Given the vast differences in climate considerations and agricultural practices between the Southwestern continental U.S. and Hawai'i, combined with the growing impacts of climate change faced by our natural resource managers and agricultural producers, I ask that you consider establishing a new hub in Hawai'i.
   "The USDA Climate Hubs were formally established in 2014 under your leadership. They are led and hosted by the Agricultural Research Service & Forest Service and include contributions by the Natural Resources Conservation Service, Farm Service Agency, Animal & Plant Health Inspection Service, and the Risk Management Agency. They also coordinate with other federal agencies such as the U.S. Geological Survey and National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration, as well as university and non-profit partners. There are USDA facilities in Hawai'i currently interested in hosting a new hub that are well-positioned to facilitate this kind of partnership between USDA, other federal agencies, and external partners."
    Hirono noted that the mission of the USDA Climate Hubs is to “…develop and deliver science-based information and technologies to natural resource and agricultural managers: enabling climate-informed decision making, reducing agricultural risk, and building resilience to climate change.” 
    She said that "Despite these hubs having been in existence for eight years, hub staff visitation to Hawai'i has been sparse. Understanding the unique challenges our producers and natural resource managers face as well as providing trusted information and tools requires frequent presence, engagement, and established relationships within local communities. Having a hub physically located in the state would facilitate the establishment of trusted relationships necessary to ensure the success of the USDA Climate Hubs’ mission in Hawaii and the Pacific basin.
    "Additionally, the Climate Hubs’ five-year strategic plan for 2020-2025 identifies three overarching strategic goals and notes that woven throughout those goals are the themes of equity and environmental justice. Hawai'i is a majority-minority state, and a significant number of our agricultural producers are considered socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers. Establishing a hub in Hawai'i would further the Climate Hubs’ goal of ensuring equity and environmental justice by focusing on the unique needs of our diverse, historically disadvantaged farmers and ranchers that have often been overlooked.
    "Finally, environmental and agricultural variables that exist in Hawai'i and the Pacific Basin vary
greatly from those that are common throughout the Southwestern continental United States. For example, while wildfire is as much a concern in Hawai'i as it is in the western continental United States, unlike the mainland, Hawai'i native ecosystems are not wildfire adapted. This means that while wildfire is a key part of ecosystem functions in mainland forests, wildfire does not play a key role in native ecosystem functions across Hawai'i and many Pacific islands.
USDA has a Caribbean Climate Hub,
while Hawai'i is included with the
Southwest continental U.S.
    The Senator also pointed out that "Hawai'i has diverse tropical cropping systems that include multiple growing seasons each year, the majority of which are on small farms. In contrast, farms in the Southwestern United States tend to be much larger, have one growing season, and include commodities such as corn, wheat, and cotton that are not grown in Hawai'i and the Pacific basin. Having a Climate Hub physically located in Hawai'i would allow a more acute focus on the unique challenges that our agricultural producers and natural resource managers face and in turn, would better facilitate delivery of information and tools tailored to our unique adaptation needs."

To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see www.facebook.com/kaucalendar. See latest print edition at wwwkaucalendar.com. See upcoming events at https://kaunewsbriefs.blogspot.com/2022/04/upcoming-events-for-kau-and-volcano.html.