About The Ka`u Calendar

Ka`u, Hawai`i, United States
A locally owned and run community newspaper (www.kaucalendar.com) distributed in print to all Ka`u District residents of Ocean View, Na`alehu, Pahala, Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park, Volcano Village and Miloli`i on the Big Island of Hawai`i. This blog is where you can catch up on what's happening daily with our news briefs. This blog is provided by The Ka`u Calendar Newspaper (kaucalendar.com), Pahala Plantation Cottages (pahalaplantationcottages.com), Local Productions, Inc. and the Edmund C. Olson Trust.

Monday, April 27, 2015

Ka`u News Briefs Monday, April 27, 2015

Maria Miranda, second from left, was crowned Miss Ka`u Coffee 2015 last night. First Princess is Joyce Ibasan, third from left. Second Princess is Vivien Santos, left, and Third Princess is Jennifer Tabios, right. Photo by Pamela Taylor
Maria Miranda talked about responsibility of
citizenship and won the Miss Ka`u Coffee
title last night. Photo by Jesse Tunison
MARIA MIRANDA, A COLLEGE STUDENT and daughter of Ka`u Coffee farmers Berta and Jose Miranda, won the title of Miss Ka`u Coffee last night at Pahala Community Center after winning the Talent, Evening Wear and Speech competitions. First Miss Ka`u Coffee Princess is Joyce Ibasan, who took the Miss Popularity and Photogenic competitions. Second Miss Ka`u Coffee Princess is Vivien Santos, who won Miss Congeniality, and Third Miss Ka`u Coffee Princess is Jennifer Tabios.
      More than $7,200 in scholarships was donated by businesses, public officials and community organizations.
      Miranda won the Talent trophy playing piano, accompanied by a show of photographs of Ka`u Coffee farms on stage. Ka`u Coffee farmers Annabelle and Franklin Orcino presented the trophy and $500 in scholarships with $250 from Ka`u Specialty Coffee and Malian Lahey, $150 from County Council member Maile David and $100 from Pahala Plantation Cottages and Julia Neal.
      Miranda won the Evening Wear and Speech trophy presented by Ka`u Coffee farmers Maile and Efren Abellera. She earned $500 in scholarships, with $250 from state Sen. Josh Green and $250 from state Rep. Richard Onishi.
      Vivien Santos won Miss Congeniality, with trophy presented by Ka`u Coffee farmers Maria and Roberto Miranda, with a $250 scholarship from Rep. Richard Creagan.
      Joyce Ibasan won the Miss Photogenic trophy presented by Ka`u Coffee farmers Verna and Milton Dacalio and a $250 scholarship from Sen. Russell Ruderman. Ibasan also won the Miss Popularity trophy presented by Ka`u Coffee farmers Jackie and Leonardo Castaneda.
      Third Miss Ka`u Coffee Princess Jennifer Tabios took home a trophy presented by Ka`u Coffee farmers Herme and Leo Norberte and $700 in scholarships, with $600 from Friends and Family of the late Bobby Tucker and $100 from an anonymous donor in honor of the late Leiani Camba-Penera and Zaileah.
      Second Miss Ka`u Coffee Princess Vivien Santos received her crown from Pageant Director Nalani Parlin and Ka`u Coffee Festival organizer Chris Manfredi and a trophy from Lorie Obra. She received $900 in scholarships, with $500 from the Ka`u Coffee Festival Committee; $350 from Bio-Eco Hawai`i, Inc., presented by Francisco Lobos; and $50 from Damian Eatinger.
      First Miss Ka`u Coffee Princess Joyce Ibasan received her crown from Miss Ka`u Coffee Pageant Chair Gloria Camba and Roger Kaiwi, of Hawai`i Coffee Co., with a trophy from Ka`u Coffee farmer Rogelio Aquino. She received $1,500 in scholarships, with $1,000 from Hawai`i Coffee Co., presented by Roger Kaiwi and $500 from Ka`u Royal Hawaiian Coffee & Tea, LLC presented by Tyler Johansen.
Community organization and business representatives line up to give scholarships
to the winners.Left to right: Donna Masaniai, President of Ka`u Chamber of
Commerce; Lester Okazaki, manager of CU Hawai`i Federal Credit Union
branches in Ka`u; Connie Koi, manager of Punalu`u Bake Shop; and
Edmund C. Olson, of Ka`u Coffee Mill and Olson Trust. Miss Ka`u
Coffee Maria Miranda receives a scepter from Miss Peaberry 2014
Madison Okimoto, a trophy from Trini and Francis Marques and a crown
 from Miss Ka`u Coffee 2014 Amery Silva. Photo by Jesse Tunison
      Miss Ka`u Coffee Queen Maria Miranda received her crown from Miss Ka`u Coffee 2014 Amery Silva and Edmund C. Olson, with a trophy presented by Ka`u Coffee farmers Trini and Francis Marques and a scepter presented by Miss Peaberry 2014 Madison Okimoto. Her $2,500 in scholarships: $1,000 presented by Sammy Stanbro and Olson Trust; $500 from CU Hawai`i Federal Credit Union, presented by Lester “Mako” Okazaki; $500 from Pacific Quest; $250 from Punalu`u Bake Shop, presented by Connie Koi; and $250 from Ka`u Chamber of Commerce, presented by Donna Masaniai.
      To comment on or like this story, go to facebook.com/kaucalendar.

HAWAI`I COUNTY DEMOCRATIC PARTY elected a new chairman at its annual convention Saturday. Hilo resident Phil Barnes’ agenda includes engaging more young people in the political process. According to Nancy Cook Lauer, of Hawai`i Tribune-Herald, Barnes also wants to bring videoconferencing of state meeting to neighbor islands.
      Barnes has lived in Hawai`i since 1998. Prior to moving, he lead Alaska’s political action committee for the National Education Association.
Activity at Kilauea's summit lava lake, which continues to rise in Halema`uma`u,
is attracting crowds to Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park. Photo from HVO
      Barnes replaces David Tarnas, who oversaw the process of replacing Ka`u’s state Rep. Denny Coffman when he resigned. In January 2014, the party sent three nominees to Gov. Neil Abercrombie, who appointed Na`alehu resident Richard Creagan to the position.
      See hawaiitribune-herald.com.
      To comment on or like this story, go to facebook.com/kaucalendar.

KILAUEA’S LAVA LAKE LEVEL CONTINUES to rise as the summit slowly inflates. Inflation started on Tuesday, April 21. The lake rose to about seven feet below the floor of Halema`uma`u Crater this morning. Also, according to Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, seismic activity beneath Kilauea’s summit and upper East Rift Zone remains elevated. 
      To comment on or like this story, go to facebook.com/kaucalendar.

Ka`u's state Sen. Josh Green is Majority Floor Leader.
Photo from the senator's Facebook page
HAWAI`I STATE LAWMAKERS are holding conferences to finalize bills passed by the House and Senate prior to adjournment on Thursday, May 7. 
      Sen. Josh Green said, “As we head down the home stretch of the 2015 legislative session, I’ll be focused on reforming our community hospital system, providing insurance for people with autism, finalizing details for a medical marijuana dispensary program that will work for all of Hawai`i’s patients and several bills that enhance our society’s safety net.
      “Thank you all for your commitment to Hawai`i and to people everywhere who need a little extra help to make it.”
      To comment on or like this story, go to facebook.com/kaucalendar.

SPEAKER OF THE STATE HOUSE, Joe Souki, has asked to hear from farmers on all islands who are interested in growing hemp.
      “We need all farmers who want to grow hemp to send an email to  Souki now,” said Hemp Working Group Chair Denise Key, with Hawai`i Farmers Union United. “We must convince Speaker Souki that there is farmer support. It is up to our farmers to decide the fate of this bill, as it should be.”
      “We are at a Do-or-Die moment for industrial hemp bill HB 508. The House of Representatives needs to know that there are farmers who are interested in collaborating with University of Hawai`i to expand the research they have started for seed development and/or using industrial hemp seed as animal feed.
      According to Key, House Ag Committee Chair Clift Tsuji would like to remove the hemp language from HB 508. The bill calls for authorizing the growing of industrial hemp for certain purposes under specified conditions and appropriates funds for Department of Agriculture staff to implement the qualified feed developer grant program and assist in registration of industrial hemp growers and seed testing.
Chazlyn Fuerte Castaneda won a
Ken Wicks scholarship last year. 
      It also would establish within the livestock revitalization program a grant program for qualified producers of certain products and feed developers and appropriate funds for the feed developer grant program, reimbursements to qualified producers and feed developers for feed cost, assistance to feed developers in the planning and construction of feed mills and a survey of local feed ingredient sources.
      The bill has been rescheduled for Wednesday at 3:30 p.m. Testimony emails need to be received by tomorrow by 3:30 p.m. to be considered at the meeting.
      Contact Souki at repsouki@capitol.hawaii.gov or 808-586-6100.
      To comment on or like this story, go to facebook.com/kaucalendar.

APPLICATIONS FOR KA`U CHAMBER OF CHAMBER’S Ken Wicks scholarships are due this Friday, May 1. 
      High school seniors and adults seeking to re-enter the educational system are encouraged to apply. Applicants are asked to write an essay about how their educational experience will benefit Ka`u. Preference will be given to those who intend to remain in or return to Ka`u and live here.
      Scholarship money can be used for all college and vocational training and will range from $250 to $1,000. Visit kauchamber.org to download the application form. Call Lee McIntosh at 929-9872 with any questions.
      To comment on or like this story, go to facebook.com/kaucalendar.

Ka`u Coffee Festival offers two opportunities
to star gaze from Makanau this week.
Photo by Andrew Richard Hara
A SECOND KA`U MOUNTAIN WATER SYSTEM HIKE has been scheduled for Thursday after Wednesday’s hike almost filled up. The hikes begin at 9 a.m. at Ka`u Coffee Mill. Reservations are required. See kaucoffemill.com or call 928-0550.

DURING COFFEE & CATTLE DAY Friday at 10 a.m., participants find out how descendants of Ka`u’s first coffee farmer integrate coffee with other agriculture at Aikane Plantation. $25 includes all-you-can-eat buffet. Sign up at aikaneplantation.com or 808-927-2252.

FOR KA`U STAR GAZING, also on Friday, from 5:30 p.m. to 10 p.m., participants travel to the summit of Makanau to observe the heavens in Ka`u’s dark skies. $35 includes refreshments and shuttle transportation.
      Reserve at kaucoffeemill.com or 928-0550.

AT KA`U COFFEE FESTIVAL HO`OLAULE`A on Saturday from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., festival-goers enjoy a free, full day of music, hula, Ka`u Coffee Experience, educational displays and demonstrations, farm tours, vendors and meet the farmers.

KA`U COFFEE COLLEGE is on Sunday at 9 a.m. at Pahala Community Center. The educational series features coffee researchers and industry professionals. Free. Call Chris Manfredi at 929-9550.

SUPPORT OUR SPONSORS AT PAHALAPLANTATIONCOTTAGES.COM AND KAUCOFFEEMILL.COM. KA`U COFFEE MILL IS OPEN SEVEN DAYS A WEEK.








See kaucalendar.com/Directory2105.swf and
kaucalendar.com/Directory2015.pdf.


See kaucalendar.com/KauCalendar_April2015.pdf.


Sunday, April 26, 2015

Ka`u News Briefs Sunday, April 26, 2015

The lava lake at Halema`uma`u continues to thrill spectators watching from Jaggar Museum Overlook in Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park. Photo by Dave Berry
KILAUEA’S SUMMIT CONTINUED TO INFLATE over the past day. This trend has been mirrored by the summit lava lake, which rose about 26 feet since yesterday morning and came within about 13 feet of spilling over the crater rim onto the floor of Halema`uma`u overnight, reported Hawaiian Volcano Observatory.
      The lava level was about 20 feet below the crater rim at 7 a.m. this morning, having fallen slightly with an increase in spattering. Seismic activity beneath Kilauea’s summit and upper East and Southwest Rift Zones remains elevated. 
      To comment on or like this story, go to facebook.com/kaucalendar.

Masako Sakata won first in Adult Pupu
category. Photos by Jesse Tunison
KA`U COFFEE RECIPE CONTEST, one of several events during the ten-day Ka`u Coffee Festival, was held at Ka`u Coffee Mill yesterday. Miss Holly K, of Native-FM, was DJ.
      Masako Sakata took first place in the Adult Pupu category with Ka`u Coffee Beans. Melia Taganas came in second place with Tortilla & Coffee Dip, and Peggy Kilkenny, third place with Ka`u Coffee South of the Border Enchilada Sauce.
      Adult Entrée first-, second- and third-place winners were Peggy Kilkenny with “Pig Pickin” in Paradise; Melia Taganas, Teri-Coffee; and Austin Kilkenny, Ka`u Coffee Rubbed Short Rib Spicy Noodle Trifle.
      In the Adult Dessert category, Cathy Haber won first place with her Ka`u Coffee Macnut Tart. Tianna Hauanio came in second with Ka`u French Macaroons. Sunerene Quevedo’s Ka`u Coffee Panna Cotta and Melia Taganas’ Kahlua Coffee Cheese Cake tied for third.
      Student winners were Melia Okimoto with her OMG! It’s Mocha-Tastic in the Dessert category and Lorilee Lorenzo with Ka`u Coffee Pulehu Steak in the Pupu category.
      To comment on or like this story, go to facebook.com/kaucalendar.

Peggy Kilkenny receives one of her two prizes
from Miss Ka`u Coffee Amery Silva.
HAWAI`I DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH APPLAUDED Gov. Ige, members of the Legislature and partners statewide for passing and signing Act 19 (HB 940), which restricts use of electronic smoking devices, or e-cigarettes, in all locations where smoking is illegal.
      Act 19 upholds protections created by Hawai`i’s Smoke-Free Workplace and Public Places Law enacted in 2006. The signing of this legislation makes Hawai`i the fourth U.S. state to have passed such a bill, after North Dakota, New Jersey and Utah. 
      According to DOH, use of e-cigarettes in existing smoke-free locations has had the potential to expose non-smokers and vulnerable populations, such as children and pregnant women, to aerosolized nicotine and other toxic substances, which could be dangerous to one’s health. Studies have found that there is enormous variability among e-cigarette devices in terms of their design, operation, contents and emissions of carcinogens, other toxicants and nicotine.
      “These products currently are not regulated, and many of the hazardous components in cigarettes are also found in e-cigarette emissions,” said Director of Health Dr. Virginia Pressler. “Just as we found that smoking was dangerous after many years of unrestricted use, we could be unintentionally harming people as a result of not including e-cigarettes as part of our smoke-free laws.”
      In a report issued this month on workplace tobacco policies, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health warns about the secondhand exposure to nicotine from e-cigarettes. Nicotine is addictive and toxic, and harmful even at low doses. It is an acute irritant and capable of causing headache and nausea. For pregnant women, nicotine can transfer to and harm the developing fetus.
      For more information about tobacco prevention and control in Hawai`i, see http://health.hawaii.gov/tobacco/.
      To comment on or like this story, go to facebook.com/kaucalendar.

Miss Ka`u Coffee Amery Silva and Miss Holly K present the prize
for first place in Adult Dessert category to Cathy Haber.
AT THE INVITATION OF THE PRESIDENT and First Lady of the United States, Gov. and Mrs. Ige will represent Hawai`i at a White House State Dinner honoring the Prime Minister of Japan, Shinzo Abe, on Tuesday in Washington, D.C. 
      President Obama and Prime Minister Abe will recognize the strong global partnership that the United States and Japan have developed during the 70 years since the end of World War II and underscore the common values and principles that have made the bilateral relationship so enduring.
      As the closest U.S. state to Japan, Hawai`i shares a rich history with Japan. “It is an honor for us to be invited to represent our state and reinforce Hawai`i’s strong cultural and economic ties with our Japanese neighbors,” Ige said.
      President and Mrs. Obama have hosted very few State Dinners during the President’s two terms. This event will be the eighth of the Obama Presidency.
      Lt. Governor Shan Tsutsui will be Acting Governor during Ige’s absence tomorrow through Wednesday.
      To comment on or like this story, go to facebook.com/kaucalendar.

HAWAI`I COUNTY’S PUBLIC ACCESS, Open Space and Natural Resources Preservation Commission is accepting suggestions from the public through June 30 on which properties it should include in its next report.
      The commission considers properties with the following characteristics: public outdoor recreation and education, including public access to beaches and mountains; preservation of historic and culturally important areas and sites; protection of natural resources, including buffer zones; preservation of forests, beaches, coastal areas, natural beauty and agricultural lands; and protection of watershed lands to preserve water quality and water supply.
      Suggestion forms are available at http://records.co.hawaii.hi.us/Weblink8/Browse.aspx?startid=13770&dbid=1 or from the county Property Management Division, 25 Aupuni Street, Hilo, Suite 1101.
      To comment on or like this story, go to facebook.com/kaucalendar.

Lorilee Lorenzo won first place in the Student Pupu category
with Ka`u Coffee Pulehu Steak.
SEN. BRIAN SCHATZ HAS CO-INTRODUCED the Inspiring New STEM Professionals by Investing in Renovation of Education Spaces Act of 2015. The INSPIRES Act would provide school districts, community colleges and other education institutions funding for modernizing, renovating, or repairing STEM and career and technical education facilities. 
      “Over the past decade, we have seen STEM job growth outpace all others, but because of a lack of resources, our schools have not kept up with the demand,” Schatz said. “The federal government can do more to help states provide better learning environments to help students achieve their full potential. The INSPIRES Act would give educators more resources to modernize their facilities and expand access to STEM education so that our students have greater opportunities to succeed.”
      With the STEM job market expected to continue its rapid growth, the INSPIRES Act aims to improve the quality and availability of STEM and CTE instruction by providing grants to local educational agencies and community colleges for improvements to much-needed facilities. It would also require at least 25 percent of the funds available be directed to high-need LEAs or to community colleges that serve a significant number of rural students.
      “Our nation’s schools and community colleges must provide students with the knowledge and skills necessary for success in the 21st century. Sadly, too many of our educational facilities are inadequate for supporting effective STEM and technical learning opportunities,” said Rachel Gutter, Director of the Center for Green Schools at the U.S. Green Building Council. “We applaud Sen. Schatz’s leadership to modernize school facilities so that we may best prepare our future leaders for their careers.”
      To comment on or like this story, go to facebook.com/kaucalendar.

OMG! It's Mocha-Tastic was Melia Okimoto's first-prize winning entry
in the Student Dessert category.
FOLLOWING FRIDAY’S PA`INA at Pahala Plantation House and yesterdays Ka`u Coffee Recipe Contest, Ka`u Coffee Festival events continue this week. 

MISS KA`U COFFEE PAGEANT is today at 6:30 p.m. at Pahala Community Center, with four candidates vying for the honor of representing the Ka`u Coffee industry at various events during the next 12 months. Tickets are $10.
      Call Pageant Chair Gloria Camba at 928- 8558.

A SECOND KA`U MOUNTAIN WATER SYSTEM HIKE has been scheduled for next Thursday after Wednesday’s hike almost filled up. The hikes begin at 9 a.m. at Ka`u Coffee Mill. Reservations are required. See kaucoffemill.com or call 928-0550.

DURING COFFEE & CATTLE DAY Friday at 10 a.m., participants find out how descendants of Ka`u’s first coffee farmer integrate coffee with other agriculture at Aikane Plantation. $25 includes all-you-can-eat buffet. Sign up at aikaneplantation.com or 808-927-2252.

FOR KA`U STAR GAZING, also on Friday, from 5:30 p.m. to 10 p.m., participants travel to the summit of Makanau to observe the heavens  Ka`u’s dark skies. $35 includes refreshments and shuttle transportation. 
      Reserve at kaucoffeemill.com or 928-0550.

AT KA`U COFFEE FESTIVAL HO`OLAULE`A on Saturday from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., festival-goers enjoy a free, full day of music, hula, Ka`u Coffee Experience, educational displays and demonstrations, farm tours, vendors and meet the farmers.

KA`U COFFEE COLLEGE is a week from today at 9 a.m. at Pahala Community Center. The educational series features coffee researchers and industry professionals. Free. Call Chris Manfredi at 929-9550.
SUPPORT OUR SPONSORS AT PAHALAPLANTATIONCOTTAGES.COM AND KAUCOFFEEMILL.COM. KA`U COFFEE MILL IS OPEN SEVEN DAYS A WEEK.


See kaucalendar.com/Directory2015.pdf and
kaucalendar.com/Directory2015.swf.

See kaucalendar.com/KauCalendar_April2015.pdf.




Saturday, April 25, 2015

Ka`u News Briefs Saturday, April 25, 2015

The level of the lava lake within Halema`uma`u Crater at the summit of Kilauea continues to rise. Today, the level was as high as 46 feet below the Overlook crater rim. This photograph from Hawaiian Volcano Observatory was taken in an area closed to the public, but the lava level was high enough today that the lava lake surface could be seen from Jaggar Museum Overlook, which is open to the public. USGS Photo
THE SUMMIT OF KILAUEA VOLCANO continues to inflate, and the summit lava lake continues to rise, reaching to within 40 feet of the Overlook crater rim. Crater wall collapses triggered two explosions overnight. Also, seismicity beneath the summit and the upper East and Southwest Rift Zones is elevated, Hawaiian Volcano Observatory reported this morning. 
      Two collapses from the Overlook crater walls at around 2 a.m. this morning both triggered explosions that threw gobs of spatter — some about one foot across — up onto the rim of Halema`uma`u at the webcam site and dusted the Jaggar Museum area with sand-sized ash.
      To comment on or like this story, go to facebook.com/kaucalendar.

State senators celebrated lei-bedecked Suzanne Case's confirmation as
head of Hawai`i's Department of Land & Natural Resources.
Photo from Sen. Russell Ruderman's Facebook page
SUZANNE CASE IN THE NEW HEAD of Hawai`i’s Department of Land & Natural Resources. The Senate confirmed Gov. David Ige’s nomination yesterday. 
      A 28-year veteran of The Nature Conservancy, Case served as its Executive Director in Hawai`i since 2001. She oversaw a program of 76 staff, 16 preserves totaling 53,000 acres and an annual operating budget of $11 million, working in native forest, coastal and marine conservation, directly and through partnerships, on six main Hawaiian Islands.
      In Ka`u, Case oversaw acquisition of the 116,000-acre Kahuku Ranch addition to Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park and TNC’s purchase of some of the most pristine native forests in Hawai`i. Purchasing Kamehame, the hawkbill turtle nesting site below Pahala, is another one of Case’s accomplishments. She also located TNC’s Hawai`i Island offices in Ka`u.
      To comment on or like this story, go to facebook.com/kaucalendar.

Charled David Keeling received a Medal of Science presented
by Pres. George Bush. Photo from wikipedia
RESEARCH AT MAUNA LOA OBSERVATORY is receiving recognition as landmark science. On April 30, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the American Chemical Society will host a public ceremony and open house at the atmospheric research facility located at 11,000 feet above sea level. The event will commemorate Earth’s pre-eminent modern atmospheric carbon dioxide record. As part of this celebration, the CO2 data set itself will become officially recognized as a National Historic Chemical Landmark. 
      Hawaiian Volcano Observatory describe MLO’s research in the current issue of Volcano Watch.
      “Continuous CO2 monitoring began on Mauna Loa in 1958, when Charles David Keeling installed state-of-the-art instrumentation high on the remote north flank of the volcano and began carefully measuring the amount of CO2 in the air. This new data became crucial to an ongoing discussion about whether the CO2 released by industrial processes, such as power generation, was building up in Earth’s atmosphere.
      “Once established, the record showed convincingly that CO2 buildup was indeed taking place. In fact, the technique worked so well that during summer months it easily detected the seasonal uptake of CO2 by increased vegetation. During winter months, when foliage in the northern hemisphere is scarcer, CO2 levels measured at the Mauna Loa location climbed. This seasonal trend superimposed on the long-term increasing background atmospheric CO2 record has since been demonstrated at a parallel measurement location in Barrow, Alaska. …
Keeling Curve record atmospheric CO2 measured at Mauna Loa Observatory.
Graph from wikipedia
      “The data set that Charles David Keeling established nearly 50 years ago at MLO, which eventually became known as the ‘Keeling Curve,’ is truly worthy of the recognition it will receive next week. Besides documenting the steady upward trend of CO2 concentration in Earth’s atmosphere, this precise and modern CO2 record has been used to reconstruct temperature and CO2 concentration records as far back as 500,000 years ago. To accomplish this, scientists combined the current record, global temperature data and studies of CO2 and deuterium isotope concentrations found in the air trapped in ice cores.
      “Keeling’s modern record, along with the ice core studies, show conclusively that CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere are higher than they’ve been in at least half a million years. They also show that the sharpest and most significant CO2 increase coincided with Earth’s industrialization and that this increase is mimicked by average global temperatures.
      “The news isn’t all bad, though. As climate scientists work to understand implications of the MLO CO2 record, other data sets at the observatory, inspired partly by Keeling’s work, are documenting progress toward lowering human-generated greenhouse gases, such as chlorofluorocarbons. As HVO continues to study what goes on beneath the surface of Hawaiian volcanoes, we applaud the Mauna Loa Observatory’s efforts to better understand the workings of Earth’s atmosphere.”
      To comment on or like this story, go to facebook.com/kaucalendar.

Ope`ape`a, Hawaiian hoary bat, is the official state land mammal.
THE HOARY BAT, HAWAI`I’S ONLY NATIVE land mammal, is the state’s official land mammal following Gov. David Ige signing Senate Bill 1183. 
      An adult Hawaiian hoary has an approximate twelve to fifteen inch wingspan, weighs approximately as much as a mouse, and flies at a speed of up to sixty miles per hour while pursuing mosquitoes, insects and other night-land aerial prey. A single Hawaiian hoary bat can consume forty per cent of its body weight in a single night.
      On Oct. 13, 1970, the bat, ope`ape`a, was listed as endangered under the Federal Endangered Species Act and the state of Hawaii's endangered species list. Population estimates for the ope`ape`a have ranged from hundreds to a few thousand. The magnitude of any current population decline is unknown; however, observation and specimen records suggest that the ope`ape`a is now absent from historically occupied ranges.
      “The Legislature finds that preserving the ope`ape`a, which is found only in Hawai`i, is important to Hawai`i’s heritage and culture,” the bill states.
      The Nature Conservancy of Hawai`i submitted testimony supporting the bill as a means to increase awareness of the state’s forests: “This often misunderstood creature inhabits Hawai`i’s forests and roosts primarily in trees. The more clearly we can focus our attention on the wonders and realities of our forests, the less taste we shall have for their destruction. Already, the state of Hawai`i has lost more than half of its original forest. The loss of forest habitat throughout the bat’s range continues to play a role in its endangerment.
      “The Hawaiian hoary bat is truly a wonder. It can fly. It can echolocate. It has the ability to enter torpor (a limited hibernation) to cope with periods of food (i.e., insect) shortages or inclement weather. Its ancestors arrived from continental America crossing more the 2,500 miles of the Pacific Ocean, in an amazing feat, which D. H. Johnson (the former curator of mammals for the Smithsonian Institution) identified as ‘probably the most remarkable mammalian flight of all time.’”
      To comment on or like this story, go to facebook.com/kaucalendar.

Bolo and Friends performed last night at Pahala Plantation House. The Na Hoku
Hanohano nominee sang Kaiholena, about the mountain in Ka`u, a song written
by Bolo, Daniel Ho and a group of Ka`u Coffee Festival music
workshop attendees. Photo by Julia Neal
MISS KA`U COFFEE CONTENDERS whose pageant is tomorrow evening made a guest appearance at Pahala Plantation House and thanked the community for raising $7,100 in scholarship funding for their higher education. Representatives from donors Olson Trust, Ka`u Royal Hawaiian Coffee & Tea, Bio-Eco Hawai`i, CU Hawai`i Federal Credit Union, Ka`u Coffee Festival Committee, Ka`u Specialty Coffee, Rep. Richard Creagan, Ka`u Chamber of Commerce, Ka`u Coffee Growers Cooperative members and the public enjoyed music by Jr. Volcano Choy, Bolo, Keioki Kahumoku and South Side Serenaders. 
      See www.kaucoffeefest for more on the ten days of Ka`u Coffee Festival activities through May 2.

KA`U COFFEE RECIPE CONTEST BEGINS at 2 p.m. today. Categories are pupu, entrée and dessert in adult and student divisions with prizes as high as $300.
      Enjoy culinary treats using Ka`u Coffee as an ingredient. Free entry and tasting for the public.
      For more information, see kaucoffeefest.com or call 928-0550.

Miss Ka`u Coffee candidates take a break last night at Pahala Plantation House
at the kick-off party for ten days of Ka`u Coffee Festival events, including
Ka`u Coffee Recipe Contest this afternoon at Ka`u Coffee Mill and
the pageant tomorrow evening at Pahala Community Center.
See kaucoffeefest.com for more. Photo by Jesse Tunison
MISS KA`U COFFEE PAGEANT is tomorrow at 6:30 p.m. at Pahala Community Center, when four candidates vie for the honor of representing the Ka`u Coffee industry at various events during the next 12 months. Tickets are $10. 
      Call Pageant Chair Gloria Camba at 928- 8558.

A SECOND KA`U MOUNTAIN WATER SYSTEM HIKE has been scheduled for next Thursday after Wednesday’s almost filled up. The hike begins at 9 a.m. at Ka`u Coffee Mill. Reservations are required. See kaucoffemill.com or call 928-0550.

COFFEE & CATTLE DAY AT AIKANE PLANTATION is Friday at 10 a.m. Participants find out how descendants of Ka`u’s first coffee farmer integrate coffee with other agriculture. $25 includes all-you-can-eat buffet. Sign up at aikaneplantation.com or 808-927-2252. 

KA`U STAR GAZING IS ALSO on Friday from 5:30 p.m. to 10 p.m., when participants observe the heavens from the summit of Makanau. $35 includes refreshments and shuttle transportation.
      Reserve at kaucoffeemill.com or 928-0550.

KA`U COFFEE FESTIVAL HO`OLAULE`A is a week from today on Saturday, May 2, from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Enjoy a free, full day of music, hula, Ka`u Coffee Experience, educational displays and demonstrations, farm tours, vendors and meet the farmers.

SUPPORT OUR SPONSORS AT PAHALAPLANTATIONCOTTAGES.COM AND KAUCOFFEEMILL.COM. KA`U COFFEE MILL IS OPEN SEVEN DAYS A WEEK.




See kaucalendar.com/Directory2015.pdf and
kaucalendar.com/Directory2015.swf.
See kaucalendar.com/KauCalendar_April2015.pdf.