About The Ka`u Calendar

Ka`u, Hawai`i, United States
A locally owned and run community newspaper (www.kaucalendar.com) distributed in print to all Ka`u District residents of Ocean View, Na`alehu, Pahala, Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park, Volcano Village and Miloli`i on the Big Island of Hawai`i. This blog is where you can catch up on what's happening daily with our news briefs. This blog is provided by The Ka`u Calendar Newspaper (kaucalendar.com), Pahala Plantation Cottages (pahalaplantationcottages.com), Local Productions, Inc. and the Edmund C. Olson Trust.

Saturday, September 24, 2016

Ka`u Calendar News Briefs Saturday, Sept. 24, 2016

Learn about `ohi`a lehua tomorrow at Kahuku. See more below. Photo from NPS
INTERNSHIPS ARE NEXT FOR GRADUATES of a pilot health care program offered at Ka`u Resource & Distance Learning Center. Nine students graduated yesterday after finishing a year of online classes that prepared them to become community health workers. Students also read textbooks that are used in classes at Maui and Kapi`olani Community Colleges. Graduates will offer outreach and health assessment to the community and refer patients to medical providers.
      Subjects included medical terminology, emergency response, CPR, first aid and caregiving for the elderly. The students also studied HIPAA, the federal law that protects personal medical information and recognizes the rights to relevant medical information of family caregivers and others directly involved in providing or paying for care.
Ka‘ū’s County Council member Maile David celebrated with Jessie Marques,
at right, and graduates, including Donna Kekoa. Photo by Ron Johnson
       Students took three courses in six-week sessions. Graduates were required to complete final exams with scores of 80 percent or higher.
      Resa Salmo, a student from Volcano, said that community health workers provide “a little bit more trust” to residents who need medical attention but hesitate to seek it.
      Ka`u High graduate Stacyn Lopez, activities director at Yukio Okutsu State Veterans Home in Hilo, said the program was a great opportunity. Lopez said she has been working with Ka`u Rural Health Community Association, Inc. Executive Director Jesse Marques since she was eight years old.
      Other graduates are Betty Jo Adams, Krystalyne Gascon, Sunshine Kahapea, Donna Kekoa, Daniel Mokiao, Nicole Moore and Mahealani Taganas.
      Ka`u Hospital has agreed to participate in the internship program, along with Hui Malama Ola Na `Oiwi and Hilo Medical Center.
      Funding for the program came from several sources, including the state Department of Health Family Health Services, a Hawai`i County grant-in-aid and Alu Like. Marques said a second program may be offerd based on success of internships and employment of graduates.
      To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter.

LAURENCE CAPELLAS’ PORTRAIT IS TO BE DISPLAYED Ka`u High School’s new gym, according to a group of Ka`u residents who lobbied to name the gym for the principal of long ago. Capellas led the effort to start football, build the pool and much more during his tenure from 1946 to 1959.
Noel Kawachi with a photo of Laurence Capellas.
      A letter written and signed by several Ka`u residents during their efforts stated that Capellas “was the type of person who could envision what could be possible and inspire others. … His leadership and influence went way beyond the walls of the school. The town we have today carries on the foundations inspired and established because of this man who worked tirelessly for others. Mr. Laurence Capellas recognized that confidence-building, decision-making, character-formation happened in and out of the classroom.”
      The plan is to present a large, framed photo of Capellas with a plaque on opening day when the photo will be on a stand draped with a maile lei. After the opening, the county will place it on the wall.
      Opening may be as early as October.
      To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter.

WHAT’S HAPPENING AND WHAT DOES IT MEAN? Those are questions Hawaiian Volcano Observatory answers in the current issue of Volcano Watch regarding the rise and fall of Kilauea’s summit lava lake.
      “In early September 2016, USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory monitoring instruments on Kilauea began recording increased rates of inflation and slightly elevated shallow earthquake activity,” the article states. “These changes indicate a higher rate of magma accumulation within the volcano’s summit magma reservoir.
      “This magma accumulation is also reflected – quite visibly for visitors at the Jaggar Museum Overlook in Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park –by periodic, and sometimes rapid, rises of the lava lake within Halema`uma`u Crater. When the lake level is high, vigorous spattering on the lake surface creates a dazzling display, especially after dark, when the incandescent lava lights up the night sky.
      “Longtime volcano watchers have likely noticed that Kilauea’s summit lava lake rises and falls in concert with summit inflation and deflation. During the last half of 2015, the lava lake level generally fluctuated between about 40 and 70 meters (131 – 230 feet) below the rim of the vent on Halema`uma`u Crater’s floor.
      “Throughout 2016, the lava lake level has typically varied between 20 and 40 meters (66 –131 feet) below the vent rim. That is, until early September, when the increased rate of inflation resulted in higher lake levels. 
On Sept. 10, Kilauea's summit lava lake rose to within 16 feet
of the vent rim. Photo from USGS/HVO
      “On Sept. 10, the summit lava lake rose to within five meters (16 feet) of the vent rim but dropped the next day with the onset of summit deflation. Since then (as of Sept. 22), the lava lake level has fluctuated between 10 and 28 meters (33 – 92 feet) below the rim, rising and falling with periods of inflation and deflation – and thrilling park visitors who happen to see the lake during one of its high stands. 
      “Like those visitors, HVO staff enjoy the beauty of Kilauea’s lava lake activity. But, as scientists, we also ponder what it means.
      “It’s impossible to know the exact outcome(s) of a pressurized magma reservoir. We have, however, identified possible scenarios based on recent observations and past similar events.
      “For example, given long-term trends and current conditions at Kilauea, we expect summit inflation and elevated earthquake activity to continue. With inflation, we also anticipate periodic high lava lake levels – possibly with lava overflowing the vent rim and spreading across the floor of Halema`uma`u Crater, as happened in April-May 2015.
      “Intermittent rockfalls in the summit vent are also expected. Rocks falling from the vent walls and into the lava lake can initiate explosions that send spatter (clots of molten lava), solid rock fragments and bits of volcanic glass (ash, Pele’s hair, Pele’s tears) flying into the air. During past explosions, spatter and solid rocks up to a meter (yard) or more in size have been thrown onto the rim of Halema`uma`u Crater. These hazardous explosions occur suddenly and without warning – as recently as Sept. 19 – one reason why Halema`uma`u has been closed to the public since Feb. 2008.
      “If a lava lake explosion occurs under southerly wind conditions, tiny particles of volcanic glass and pulverized rock could be blown toward Jaggar Museum and other viewing areas. This could result in a ‘dusting’ of Pele’s hair and gritty ash at park overlooks.
      “The summit vent continues to emit sulfur dioxide and other volcanic gases that produce poor air quality downwind from the lava lake. But closer to the vent, along the Halema`uma`u Crater rim, gas concentrations are potentially life-threatening – the main reason why this area remains closed to the public.
      “Inflation of Kilauea’s summit reservoir increases the chance of magma intruding into the volcano’s south caldera or upper rift zones. Such an intrusion would likely result in a rapid drop in the summit lava lake and could cause new breakouts of lava, like the 2011 Kamoamoa fissure eruption. If the magma supplied to Pu`u `O`o increases, changes in the 61g lava flow and Kamokuna ocean entry could occur. 
      “HVO scientists closely watch Kilauea for any signs of an intrusion – changes in deformation and seismicity – that might precede a new breakout of lava. HVO’s monitoring instruments are programmed to rapidly alert us –day and night – to sudden changes on the volcano.
      “It’s an exciting and interesting time on Kilauea – for both the public and the scientists who study the volcano. If you’re unable to visit in person, you can still follow the lava lake’s rise and fall through HVO’s daily updates and recent photos posted at hvo.wr.usgs.gov/activity/kilaueastatus.php.”
      See hvo.wr.usgs.gov/volcanowatch.
      To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter.

PARTICIPANTS LEARN ABOUT THE VITAL ROLE of `ohi`a lehua in native Hawaiian forests, the many forms of the `ohi`a lehua tree and its flower tomorrow from 9:30 a.m. to 10:30 at the Kahuku Unit of Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park.
      Visitors will be able to identify the many differences of the most prominent native tree in Kahuku on this program, which is an easy, one-mile (or less) walk.


Click on document to enlarge.

See kaucalendar.com.
See kaucalendar.com/TheDirectory2016.html
and kaucalendar.com/TheDirectory2016.pdf.

Friday, September 23, 2016

Ka`u Calendar News Briefs Friday, Sept. 23, 2016

Ka`u Plantation Days at Na`alehu Park begins with a pa`u parade on Hwy 11. See more below.
Photo by Ron Johnson 
A FINAL RULE TO CREATE A PATHWAY for reestablishing a formal government-to-government relationship with the Native Hawaiian community has been published by the U.S. Department of the Interior. The final rule sets out an administrative procedure and criteria that the U.S. Secretary of the Interior would use if the Native Hawaiian community forms a unified government that then seeks such a relationship with the United States.
Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell
      “This final rule provides the Native Hawaiian community with the opportunity to exercise self-determination by reestablishing a formal government-to-government relationship with the United States,” U.S. Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell said. “Throughout this two-year rulemaking process, thousands of voices from the Native Hawaiian community and the public testified passionately about the proposal. Today is a major step forward in the reconciliation process between Native Hawaiians and the United States that began over 20 years ago. We are proud to announce this final rule that respects and supports self-governance for Native Hawaiians, one of our nation’s largest indigenous communities.”
      The rule builds on more than 150 federal statutes that Congress enacted over the last century to recognize and implement the special political and trust relationship between the United States and the Native Hawaiian community. It also considered and addressed extensive public comments during the rulemaking process, which included public meetings in Hawai`i and the mainland United States. 
      Native Hawaiians have not had a formal unified government since the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawai`i in 1893. In 1993, Congress enacted the Apology Resolution, which offered an apology to Native Hawaiians on behalf of the United States for its role in the overthrow and committed the federal government to a process of reconciliation. As part of that reconciliation process, in 2000, DOI and the Department of Justice jointly issued a report identifying as its lead recommendation the need to foster self-determination for Native Hawaiians under Federal law.
U.S. Sen. Brian Schatz
      The decision to reorganize a Native Hawaiian government is one for the Native Hawaiian community – not the federal government – to make as an exercise of self-determination. If a formal government-to-government relationship is reestablished, it could provide the community with greater flexibility to preserve its distinct culture and traditions. It could also enhance their ability to affect its special status under federal law by exercising powers of self-government over many issues directly impacting community members.
      “This is an historic step towards doing what is right and just for Native Hawaiians,” Sen. Brian Schatz said. “For far too long, Native Hawaiians have been the only federally recognized native people without a government-to-government relationship with the United States. Generations of Hawaiians and allies have worked to restore this relationship, and this rule is one of the most significant developments in making this a real possibility. Although the rule establishes formal procedures for a Native Hawaiian government to establish its governmental relationship with the United States, it leaves the Hawaiian community with the authority and responsibility to reorganize its governing entity. President Obama’s leadership and personal commitment to Hawai`i was evident in the level of community engagement conducted by his administration and essential to ensuring this path forward for Native Hawaiians.”
U.S. Rep. Tulsi Gabbard
      Ka`u’s U.S. Rep. Tulsi Gabbard said, “For decades, many in the Native Hawaiian community have fought for the same rights and treatment as indigenous groups across the United States, like Native American tribes and Alaska Natives. The Department of Interior announcement today simply places the decision-making authority solely within the hands of Native Hawaiians to determine what, if any, government-to-government relationship they choose to have with the U.S. federal government. I had the great honor of working as a legislative aide to Sen. Akaka, who dedicated so much of his life to creating this opportunity for our Native Hawaiian community. I look forward to continuing to engage and work alongside our Native Hawaiian brothers and sisters as they determine their path forward.”
      The rule, along with Frequently Asked Questions and other supporting documents, is available for review at www.doi.gov/hawaiian.
      To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter.

A 3.2-magnitude quake shook Ka`u this morning.
Photo from USGS/HVO
DID YOU FEEL IT? An earthquake rattle Ka`u’s sloped of Mauna Loa at about 9:30 a.m. According to Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, the minor earthquake was centered 8.8 miles from Kilauea’s summit. Originally listed at magnitude 3.0, a seismic analyst later increased it to 3.2.
      To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter.

TWENTY AUTOMATED EXTERNAL DEFIBRILLATORS will be donated by Big Island Toyota to Hawai`i Island nonprofits as part of the Be a Lifesaver Hawai`i campaign effort. Each recipient organization will also receive free lifesaving bystander chest compression only CPR and AED training at its facility as part of the AED donation. Deadline for submitting applications/nominations is close of business on Oct. 15.
Hawai`i Island nonprofits can apply to receive free AEDs.
Photo from American Red Cross
      Winning nonprofits will be notified no later than Oct. 20 of their selection by the Be a Lifesaver Hawai`i committee and will be invited to attend a special presentation at Big Island Toyota’s main showroom in Hilo on Oct. 27.
      Applications can be mailed or delivered in person to Big Island Toyota, Attn: Calvin Koga, 811 Kanoelehua Avenue, Hilo, HI 96720.
      Contact Lisa Rantz at 932-3636 with any questions.
       To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter.

Hawaiian Volcano Observatory founder Dr. Thomas Jaggar
is on holiday for two weeks. Photo from KDEN
“A WALK INTO THE PAST,” Kilauea Drama & Entertainment Network’s Living History program, is taking a two-week break. There will be no shows on Sept. 27 and Oct. 4. The program will resume on Oct. 11 and will repeat every Tuesday, with performances at 10 a.m., 12 p.m. and 2 p.m. At that time participants can meet Dr. Thomas Jaggar, portrayed by Ka`u resident Dick Hershberger, and find out what drew him to the edge of Kilauea to study volcanoes. Meet at Kilauea Visitor’s Center to be escorted to Whitney Vault, home of the original seismograph.
      Hershberger is a playwright-director-actor-entertainer best known for this long-running and critically acclaimed presentation.
      The performance is free; park entrance fees apply. Donations are gratefully accepted.
      For more information, call 982-7344, or email kden73@aol.com.

A FREE LEGAL CLINIC COMES TO KA`U tomorrow. The Senior Counsel Division of Hawai`i Bar Association, in coordination with Ka`u Rural Health Community Association, Inc., provides legal information at Ka`u Resource & Distance Learning Center, 96-3126 Puahala Street in Pahala, from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m.
      Topics include law on estate/probate/trust, criminal, no-fault/insurance, environmental, immigration, employment/labor, landlord/tenant, personal injury, civil rights and Hawaiian rights.

CELEBRATE KA`U PLANTATION DAYS tomorrow at Na`alehu Park. A parade, with horses and riders representing the Hawaiian islands, begins at 9 a.m. along Hwy 11. 
      For more information, call Darlyne Vierra at 640-8740.

Mishka performs tomorrow. Photo from
Mauli Ola Festival
MAULI OLA FESTIVAL CONTINUES through tomorrow evening at Wood Valley Farm.
      Saturday workshop topics include fermented foods, soil microbes and permaculture.
      An evening concert features music by Malian, Drew Daniels, David Kai, Dread Ashanti, Love Eternal, Mishka and Youssoupha Sidibe.
      For more information and tickets, see mauliolafestival.com.

TOMORROW IS A FEE-FREE DAY at Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park. Entry fees are waived on National Public Lands Day.
      Kīlauea Military Camp invites the public to experience how KMC supports America’s troops by utilizing any of its facilities and services.


Click on document to enlarge.

See kaucalendar.com.
See kaucalendar.com/TheDirectory2016.html
and kaucalendar.com/TheDirectory2016.pdf.

Thursday, September 22, 2016

Ka`u Calendar News Briefs Thursday, Sept. 22, 2016

Pa`u riders and horses return to Na`alehu Saturday to celebrate Ka`u Plantation Days.
See more below. Photo by Ron Johnson
BAY CLINIC IS ONE OF 14 HAWAI`I HEALTH CENTERS that will receive a total of $753,064 from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to support health information technology enhancements. The clinic’s allocation of $66,682 is part of more than $87 million provided by HHS to 1,310 health centers in every U.S. state, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands and the Pacific Basin. The funding will support health IT enhancements to accelerate health centers' transition to value-based models of care, improve efforts to share and use information to support better decisions and increase engagement in delivery system transformation. This is the first significant investment directly awarded to health centers to support the purchase of health IT since 2009.
      “Health centers across Hawai`i provide high-quality health and wellness services that our communities depend upon,” Gabbard said. “Yet, in Hawai`i and in states across the country, remote locations, lack of funding and staff shortages make it difficult to keep up with rapidly changing healthcare technology. Investing in our local health centers will increase information sharing, improve electronic healthcare record systems and expand access to comprehensive, quality care for people in every county across the state.”
      To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter.

THE PROPOSED PAHALA WATER BOTTLING PLANT has drawn more discussion. Ken Sugai, who owns the house at Honu`apo, pointed to a 2014 Hawai`i Supreme Court decision regarding a Kaua`i water bottling company. The decision drew upon Hawai`i’s Public Trust Doctrine in Article 11 of the Constitution. It states, “For the benefit of present and future generations, the state and its political subdivisions shall conserve and protect Hawai`i’s natural beauty and all natural resources, including land, water, air, minerals and energy sources, and shall promote the development and utilization of these resources in a manner consistent with their conservation and in furtherance of the self-sufficiency of the state.
David Minkin
      “All public natural resources are held in trust by the state for the benefit of the people.”
      The Supreme Court ruled in favor of the Kaua`i Planning Commission after a lower court ruled that the commission “exceeded its jurisdiction” when it denied Kaua`i Springs, Inc. its permit to operate.
      In a story in The Garden Island newspaper, attorney David Minkin told reporter Chris D’Angelo that the Supreme Court decision “means that, especially when water’s at issue, that every agency that has some duty or responsibility has to take a look at it from the constitutional perspective of the Public Trust Doctrine.
      “You just can’t punt it and say, ‘Not my kuleana.’ You have to look at it. You have to evaluate it. You have to get information. And if you’re left with a question in the back of your mind that you don’t have enough information, it’s not the department, in this case the Planning Commission, it’s not their duty to go out and track down and get information.
     “ Instead, the applicant — in this case, Kaua`i Springs — must present the appropriate information.”
      The court’s ruling “basically shifts the burden,” Minkin said.
      On The Ka`u Calendar Facebook page, Mariah Penelope Aguilar posted about the use of spring from Ka`u for a bottling plant. “I would be worried that if they create a company, they might close out wells that are free,” she said.
      Jimbeaux Black, of Na`alehu, posted, “To come onto the edge of a desert, tap into the watershed for bottled profit packaged in plastic is not sustainable on so many levels. Water is being bought and stolen, in all parts of the world. This is not good for Ka`u’s future. Very shortsighted. Water is life.”
      Hawai`i County Planning Department is currently reviewing the Pahala water bottling plant proposal and accepting public comments. Emails can be sent to planning@hawaiicounty.gov, susan.gagorik@hawaiicounty.gov and larry.nakayama@hawaiicounty.gov.
      To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter.

Help David Benitez remove fountain grass
in Ocean View. Photo from NPS
VOLUNTEERS ARE INVITED TO WORK with Ocean View Community Association and Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park staff to remove invasive fountain grass from roadsides in Ocean View on Saturday from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. 
      Fountain grass (Pennisetum setaceum) is a highly flammable bunch grass native to North Africa. This fire-promoting plant spreads quickly and is one of the few invasive species that can colonize young lava flows that would otherwise serve as natural firebreaks. In August 2005, this noxious weed contributed to the spread of a 25,000-acre wildfire that forced evacuation of Waikoloa Village. Fountain grass aggressively chokes out native plants and increases fire potential in natural areas. It is a problem for all districts around the island, especially leeward areas.
      Volunteers will meet Ocean View Community Center at 9 a.m. Bring lunch, water, a hat and sunscreen.
      For more information, call Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park ecologist David Benitez at 985-6085, or email david_benitez@nps.gov.
      To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter.

Keiki and adults are invited to help remove invasive Himalayan ginger 
on National Public Lands Day. NPS Photo by Jessica Ferracane
HAWAI`I VOLCANOES NATIONAL PARK invites everyone to lend a helping hand on National Public Lands Day this Saturday as it celebrates 100 years of protecting native ecosystems. It’s a fee-free day, and while all park visitors can enjoy the park at no charge, NPLD volunteers will receive a free pass to use on another day of their choosing.
      Join volunteers for Stewardship at the Summit from 8:45 a.m. to noon. Meet NPLD coordinator Jane Field at Kilauea Visitor Center, then head into the rainforest to remove invasive Himalayan ginger from the summit of Kilauea. Wear sturdy, closed-toe shoes and long pants. Bring a hat, sunscreen, raingear, snacks, and water. Loppers/gloves provided. No advance registration required.
      While pretty and fragrant, Himalayan ginger (also called kahili) is one of the most invasive plants in the park and on Earth. It is listed by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature as one of the 100 World’s Worst Invasive Alien Species. The park strives to protect the rainforest habitat of native birds and plants, but Himalayan ginger takes over the native rainforest understory and makes it impossible for the next generation of forest to grow. This inedible ginger species crowds out many native plants, including pa`iniu (a Hawaiian lily), `ama`u fern, and others.
      To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter.

Ka`u state Sen. Russell Ruderman performs with El Leo
ate Wood Valley Farm tomorrow. Photo by Julia Neal
ACTIVITIES AT MAULI OLA FESTIVAL at Wood Valley Farm tomorrow include morning and afternoon yoga sessions, Gilberto Baraona’s introduction of a new coffee variety and a Korean Natural Farming Workshop with Drake Weinert.
      An evening concert begins with music by El Leo, featuring Ka`u’s state Sen. Russell Ruderman, followed by Kalapana Awa Band, Jeff Peterson and Liko Martin.
      See mauliolafestival.com for more information and tickets.

HAWAI`I WILDLIFE FUND’S annual “Get the Drift & Bag it Ka`u Coast Cleanup is Saturday from 8:45 a.m. to 3:45 p.m. Email kahakai.cleanups@gmail.com or text 808-769-7629 for more information.
      To date, HWF and volunteers have removed over 192 tons of marine debris from the shores of Hawai`i Island.

KA`U PLANTATION DAYS is Saturday at Na`alehu Park. A parade, with horses and riders representing the Hawaiian islands, begins at 9 a.m. along Hwy 11. 
      For more information, call Darlyne Vierra at 640-8740.


Click on document to enlarge.

See kaucalendar.com.
See kaucalendar.com/TheDirectory2016.html
and kaucalendar.com/TheDirectory2016.pdf.