About The Ka`u Calendar

Ka`u, Hawai`i, United States
A locally owned and run community newspaper (www.kaucalendar.com) distributed in print to all Ka`u District residents of Ocean View, Na`alehu, Pahala, Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park, Volcano Village and Miloli`i on the Big Island of Hawai`i. This blog is where you can catch up on what's happening daily with our news briefs. This blog is provided by The Ka`u Calendar Newspaper (kaucalendar.com), Pahala Plantation Cottages (pahalaplantationcottages.com), Local Productions, Inc. and the Edmund C. Olson Trust.

Thursday, March 26, 2015

Ka`u News Briefs Thursday, March 26, 2015

Kilauea Volcano alert level is now watch instead of warning, with eruption and breakouts continuing near Pu`u O`o but not threatening populated areas. Photos from USGS HVO
HAWAIIAN VOLCANO OBSERVATORY has downgraded the volcano alert level for Kilauea from warning to watch because the immediate threat from the June 27th lava flow has been reduced. In recent weeks, Pu`u `O`o lava flows nearest to Pahoa became inactive, although eruption of lava continues at both the Pu`u `O`o vent on Kilauea Volcano’s East Rift Zone and in Halema`uma`u Crater at the volcano’s summit.
Activity continues inside Pu`u O`o.
      Presently, the only active surface lava occurs in four separate breakouts from the main lava tube within three areas in the upper four miles of the flow field below Pu`u `O`o. Lava from these breakouts is moving slowly atop earlier flows and along the margin of the June 27th and the Kahauale`a (2013-2014) flow fields. Based on the rate and trajectory of these active flows, HVO anticipates that it will be at least months before lava could reach to within one mile or one week of homes or infrastructure.
      According to HVO, the ultimate trajectory and path of the lava flow depends on how lava activity evolves in these areas. Should breakouts along the northern margin of the June 27th flow field become dominant, the resulting lava flow will likely follow steepest lines of descent that approach Hawaiian Acres and Ainaloa subdivisions. Should the breakout heading toward the south margin of the June 27th flow field become dominant, the resulting flow will likely parallel the East Rift Zone and approach the Pahoa area.
      At this time, reoccupation of the lava tube that fed lava flows toward Pahoa Marketplace area is unlikely. Should this occur, however, delivery of lava farther downslope to the currently inactive extent of the June 27th lava flow field could happen more quickly, perhaps within weeks.
      This assessment is based on continued lava production at Pu`u `O`o at current eruption rates and vent location. Should the eruption rate increase significantly or the locus of eruption shift to a new vent, the conditions of lava flow advance and associated threat could change quickly.
      HVO will continue to monitor the volcano closely in cooperation with Hawai`i County Civil Defense, and daily updates will continue.
      To comment on or like this story, go to facebook.com/kaucalendar.

HAWAIIAN ISLANDS HUMPBACK WHALE National Marine Sanctuary could expand its size and focus if a rule proposed by the National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration is adopted. The proposed expansion, which would include multiple marine species, follows extensive collaboration with partners including non-governmental organizations, businesses, scientists and other members of the community.
NOAA wants to expand boundaries of the Hawaiian Islands Humpback
Whale National Marine Sanctuary. Map from NOAA
      “This proposal is the result of a multi-year collaborative effort that involved considerable input from all sectors of the local community,” said sanctuary superintendent Malia Chow. “We welcome further public review and input into our proposed new management plan as we move forward with the important job of managing this special place which is critical to both the regional economy and communities in Hawai`i.” 
      In 2012, during the process to review the sanctuary’s management plan, the sanctuary advisory council’s working groups determined that while humpback whales remain the centerpiece of sanctuary protection, there is an increased need and urgency to take a more integrated approach to marine resource management.
      According to NOAA, the ecosystem-based management approach, as proposed, is backed by science and is consistent with the traditional Hawaiian approach to managing natural and cultural resources. NOAA works closely with the state of Hawai`i, local communities and various stakeholders to protect Hawai`i’s natural and cultural resources.
      The proposed rule also includes a boundary expansion that adds 235 square miles of state and federal waters around O`ahu, Kaua`i and Ni`ihau, bringing the total sanctuary area to 1,601 square miles and providing the sanctuary with new opportunities to work closely with communities on priority resource protection issues.
      Members of the public are invited to submit comments to the agency on the proposed rule and draft environmental impact statement through June 19. Following the comment period, a final management plan and environmental impact statement will be prepared through a public process under the National Environmental Policy Act.
      NOAA holds a meeting on the proposed rule May 7 from 5:30 p.m. to 8 p.m. at Kealakehe High School Cafeteria in Kona.
      Comments may also be submitted by the following methods: 
       For more information on the proposal, visit the sanctuary’s website at http://hawaiihumpbackwhale.noaa.gov/management/management_plan_review.html.
      To comment on or like this story, go to facebook.com/kaucalendar.

Image from Hawai`i Tourism Authority
BODY COUNT IS UP, BUT SPENDING is down in tourism to Hawai`i, according to the lastest report from Hawai`i Tourism Authority. 
      Total visitors to the Hawaiian Islands through February 2015 rose slightly (+0.8 percent) to 1.34 million arrivals, 11,224 more compared to the first two months of 2014. Year-to-date, visitor expenditures were down (-3.3 percent) to $2.6 billion, along with state tax revenue down (-3.3 percent) to $274.8 million, as the U.S. dollar continues to strengthen against international currencies.
      In order to offset fluctuating exchange rates, the HTA is working with its global contractors to implement innovative and collaborative campaigns, including major in-market branding and mileage promotions, in an effort to help sustain airlift and arrivals to Hawai`i.
      Total air seats to the state increased 5.3 percent to 1.8 million during the first two months of the year, sustained by growth from the core North America market – U.S. West (+9.2 percent), U.S. East (+5.3 percent) and Canada (+14 percent) – as well as from Oceania (+19.6 percent). This included increased air seats to Kahului (+19.8 percent), Kona (+7.9 percent) and Lihue (+5.8 percent), which contributed to a boost in visitor arrivals to each island.
      Airlift to Hawai`i is projected to increase through the second quarter. Chief Executive Officer Ronald Williams said HTA will continue to work with its industry partners and global contractors to capitalize on this growth to maintain a stable tourism economy.
      To comment on or like this story, go to facebook.com/kaucalendar.

HFBF President Chris Manfredi
HFUU President Vincent Mina with his daughter Kahaulani at Earth
Matters farm in Ka`u. Photo by Julia Neal
HAWAI`I PUBLIC RADIO features representatives of Hawai`i farm organizations today at 5 p.m. on Town Square, one of its oldest public affairs programs. Hawai`i Farmers Union United Vice President and Legislative Chair Simon Russell and President Vincent Mina will speaking about the organization. In addition, according to HFUU, Hawai`i Farm Bureau Federation President Chris Manfredi is a confirmed panelist.
      Hosted and produced by Beth-Ann Kozlovich, Town Square has provided an interactive forum for political, social, educational and cultural issues of local, national and international importance since 1999. According to HPR, “discussions are lively and almost always civil.” 
      The program is available at KAHU-FM 97.1 and also streamed live at http://hpr2.org. Listeners can call in questions and comments at 1-877-941-3689.
      To comment on or like this story, go to facebook.com/kaucalendar.

PARTICIPANTS BRING LUNCH AND LEARN about the vital role of `ohi`a lehua in native Hawaiian forests, the many forms of the `ohi`a lehua tree and its flower during a free program Saturday at 9:30 a.m. at the Kahuku Unit of Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park. Call 985-6011 for more information.

DESIGNS OF MICAH L.K. KAMOHOALI`I are featured in a solo exhibition opening Saturday at Volcano Art Center Gallery in Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park. Kamohoali`i began making kapa as a child using skills passed down through many generations. Hula has been a part of Kamohoali`i life from the age of three. Through the dance tradition, he learned the history of his people. He continues to share these stories through instruction of the ancient tradition as Kumu Hula to Halau Na Kipu`upu`u. 
      Under his direction, the halau will open the exhibit with a Hula Kahiko performance at 10:30 a.m. Kamohoali`i and his halau will be on hand after the performance displaying hand-made regalia and props used.
      An opening reception takes place 5 p.m. to 7 p.m. The exhibit is open daily through April 19 from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.

KA`U FARM BUREAU MEETS MONDAY, March 30 at 6 p.m. at Pahala Community Center. Election of officers is on the agenda, along with a guest speaker. For more information, email ralph@rustyshawaiian.com.


See kaucalendar.com/KauCalendar_March2015.pdf.
See kaucalendar.com/Directory2015.pdf and

Wednesday, March 25, 2015

Ka`u News Briefs Wednesday, March 25, 2015

With humpback whales preparing to head north, the final Sanctuary Ocean Count for this year is Saturday. Photo from NOAA
BOTH RESTAURANTS IN VOLCANO HOUSE are set to reopen tomorrow after being closed for at least two days to investigate a kitchen fire that occurred Tuesday morning.
The Rim Restaurant and Uncle George's Lounge are set to reopen today
after a kitchen fire Tuesday. Photo from hawaiivolcanohouse.com
      The Rim Restaurant and Uncle George’s Lounge are closed as National Park Service investigators investigate the cause of the small blaze, said Hawai`i Volcanoes Lodge Company, LLC General Manager David Macilwraith. Volcano House Hotel remains open.
      Park rangers, Hawai`i County medics and Engine 19 responded quickly to the fire alarm and calls to park dispatch around 10:30 a.m. Tuesday. A 42-year-old hotel employee suffered burns to his upper arms and was transported by county medics to the hospital.
      To comment on or like this story, go to facebook.com/kaucalendar.

HAWAI`I’S PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS have shown that the transformative, systemwide changes undertaken by the Hawai`i State Department of Education in the implementation of its 2011-18 Strategic Plan are paying off.

 The College and Career Indicators Report released by Hawai`i P-20 Partnerships for Education shows Hawai`i’s students have made steady, and in some cases, significant improvements in key indicators of college and career readiness, including Hawai`i State Assessment reading and mathematics scores, college enrollment and early credit attainment.
      The CCRI report provides a detailed look at accomplishments of Class of 2014 students in high schools statewide and provides a measurement of their readiness for college and career.
Kathryn Matayoshi
      Hawai`i State Assessment proficiency scores in mathematics increased 11 percentage points to 60 percent for the Class of 2014 from 49 percent for the Class of 2012, while reading proficiency rose to 72 percent from 67 percent. These gains are reflected in graduates’ readiness for college-level coursework in both increased enrollment in college-level math and English courses and decreased enrollment in remedial courses at University of Hawai`i campuses.
      “The progress reflected in this year’s report is a real tribute to the continued hard work and dedication of our students, educators and administrators,” Superintendent Kathryn Matayoshi said. “The graduating class of 2014 was the freshman class when Hawai`i first implemented Race to the Top reforms, so this CCRI report is significant in that it shows the positive impact of the reform efforts. There have been significant challenges in making these changes, but the resiliency and dedication of teachers, education leaders and everyone in our schools and communities to focus on what is best for students have allowed us to overcome the challenges and move the needle on student success. We’re setting high expectations with the Hawai`i Common Core and the new Smarter Balanced assessments so that students are ready to succeed once they graduate from high school, whether they choose to go to college or to begin an entry-level career.”
      Hawai`i P-20 Partnerships for Education, a statewide partnership led by the Executive Office on Early Learning, the Hawai`i State Department of Education and the University of Hawai`i System works to strengthen the education pipeline from early childhood through higher education so that all students achieve college and career success. Hawai`i P-20’s partners share a sense of urgency about the need to improve Hawai`i’s educational outcomes in an increasingly global economy and have established a goal of 55 percent of Hawai`i’s working age adults having a two- or four-year college degree by 2025.
      For more information, see http://www.p20hawaii.org .
      See hawaiipublicschools.org.
      To comment on or like this story, go to facebook.com/kaucalendar.

Sen. Mazie Hirono
Sen. Brian Schatz
THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE will allocate almost $3.3 million to Hawai`i for programs that prevent the introduction or spread of plant pests, diseases and pathogens, including the Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle and other invasive species.
      “Hawai`i is home to many unique plants and animals found nowhere else in the world,” Sen. Brian Schatz said. “The indigenous wildlife of our islands must be preserved, and these funds from the USDA will help prevent the spread of invasive species and protect our ecosystem.
      Sen Mazie Hirono said, “As an island state, Hawai`i’s agricultural community faces unique challenges as we work to increase our food security. ... These grants provided by the U.S. Department of Agriculture will facilitate increased collaboration between federal, state and academic partners to strengthen protections for our growers against invasive species. I look forward to discussing these issues with members of our agricultural community and USDA officials in the coming weeks and months.”
      The bulk of the funds, $2.2 million, will be diverted to the rapid response to new detection of Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle in Hawai`i – Year Two program. The program seeks to combat spread of the Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle, an invasive species that was first detected in Hawai`i in December of 2013.
      Additional funds will be allocated to the National Clean Plant Program, a program that seeks to ensure the availability of a healthy and clean national plant stock. These funds are provided through the Agricultural Act of 2014. In total the grant would provide an additional $3,289,278 in funding for Hawai`i.
      A multi-agency group has been working under the Incident Command System to manage this eradication program. Agencies currently involved include U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. Navy, Hawai`i Department of Agriculture, Hawai`i Dept. of Land and Natural Resources, UH-College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, O`ahu Invasive Species Committee and others.
      To comment on or like this story, go to facebook.com/kaucalendar.

Rep. Tulsi Gabbard
THE U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES has passed the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Reauthorization Act of 2015.
      NAHASDA was first established in 1996 with the consolidation of several separate assistance programs, provided by the Department of Housing and Urban Development, into a single block grant program. In 2000, NAHASDA was amended to add Title VIII – Housing Assistance for Native Hawaiians. The amendment adds similar programs for Native Hawaiians who reside on Hawaiian Home Lands to the NAHASDA legislation.
      “Since its enactment, this legislation has strengthened indigenous self-determination by empowering Native people by addressing affordable housing needs,” said Rep. Tulsi Gabbard. “In my home state of Hawai`i, it has increased homeownership among Native Hawaiians, bringing hope to many people who are living paycheck to paycheck. ... It is an important step toward removing roadblocks to economic success, not only in Hawai`i but in Native communities across the country.
      “I am extremely pleased that Congress passed the NAHASDA Reauthorization. This crucial piece of legislation reaffirms the commitment of the United States to the Native peoples of our country. NAHASDA not only helps with providing funding for housing programs, but also provides vital resources to foster the indigenous cultures of our great nation. Hawai`i has one of the highest costs of living in the nation, so support through NAHASDA is essential for Native Hawai`i families who wish to remain on their ancestral lands. I would like to extend a warm mahalo to my colleagues in the House … who fought to reauthorize NAHASDA and recognize its vital importance in regards to fostering the indigenous cultures of America.”
      The House passed NAHASDA with a vote of 297-98.
      To comment on or like this story, go to facebook.com/kaucalendar.

Ka`u Learning Academy screens Secrets of the Mummy Dinosaur Sunday.
Photo from Joe Iacuzzo
KA`U LEARNING ACADEMY SCREENS THE FILM Secrets of the Mummy Dinosaur this Sunday, March 29 at 6:15 p.m. at the charter school’s Discovery Harbour campus. Following the video, KLA Managing Director Joe Iacuzzo, one of the show’s producers, gives a talk on the role Thomas Jefferson played in the fossil history of America. 
      KLA begins teaching grades three through six in the 2015-2016 school year. “This is a great opportunity to meet fellow students and family members,” Iacuzzo said.
      For more information, call 213-1097.

HAWAI`I WILDLIFE FUND’S VEHICLES are full for Saturday’s Ka`u Coast Cleanup, but residents can still sign up and use their own 4WD vehicles. Volunteers meet at Wai`ohinu Park at 7:45 a.m. to carpool/caravan to Kamilo Point. Register at 769-7629 or kahakai.cleanups@gmail.com

THE FINAL SANCTUARY OCEAN COUNT of 2015 takes place Saturday from 8 a.m. to 12:15 p.m. Volunteers count and monitor whales at various coastal sites including South Point, Punalu`u and Ka`ena Point. Preregistration is required at sanctuaryoceancount.org.


See kaucalendar.com/KauCalendar_March2015.pdf.
See kaucalendar.com/Directory2015.pdf and

Tuesday, March 24, 2015

Ka`u News Briefs Tuesday, March 24, 2015

Cultural practitioners and rangers share the art of lauhala weaving tomorrow in Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park. Photo from NPS
WHO WILL BE THE NEXT MISS KA`U COFFEE QUEEN? Four young Ka`u women are hoping to earn the title of Miss Ka`u Coffee on Sunday, April 26 at Pahala Community Center at 6:30 p.m. Doors open at 6 p.m. Tickets are $10 each and available from contenders and their families.
Maria Caroline Miranda
Joyce Anne Ibasan
      All candidates are from families deeply embedded in the Ka`u Coffee industry. In alphabetical order:
      Joyce Anne Ibasan was born on Jan. 26, 1994 in Dagupan, the Philippines. She is the daughter of Orlando Ibasan and Jocelyn Tamayo, of Pahala. The 21-year-old is a 2012 graduate of Ka`u High School. Ibasan graduates this spring with an Associate of Arts degree in administration of justice from Hawai`i Community College and plans to transfer to University of Hawai`i in Hilo to major in criminal justice. She works fulltime at Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park. She completed two high school Youth Ranger internships with the interpretation and eruption crew/protection division of Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park and continues in park internship programs. Ibasan is a fulltime student and fulltime employee.
      Some of her family members recently started a Ka`u Coffee farm above Wood Valley Road. Her talents are singing and dancing.
       Maria Caroline Miranda was born on June 4, 1992 in the California agricultural town of Visalia in the San Joaquin Valley. She is the daughter of award-winning coffee farmers Jose and Berta Miranda, of Discovery Harbour. The 23-year-old graduated from high school through Safe Haven Christian Co-op in 2012. She plans to study nursing at University of Hawai`i in Hilo after completing an Associate of Arts degree at Hawai`i Community College. At HCC, Miranda interned as a laboratory assistant. She is a Ka`u Chamber of Commerce scholarship winner. She volunteers at Ka`u Hospital, visiting residential patients, some with no family. Miranda works in her family Ka`u Coffee business, from picking to processing and marketing. She is developing a Sunday school program for Amazing Grace Baptist Church of South Point. Her talent is playing piano and singing.
Louise Vivien Santos
Jennifer Flores Tabios
       Louise Vivien Santos was born on Dec. 2, 1994 in Ilocos Norte in the Philippines. She is the daughter of Arnel and Amelita Santos, of Pahala, her father a schoolteacher and mother an employee of a macadamia orchard. 
      Her aunt Anabelle Orcino is a Ka`u Coffee farmer, and Santos helps with the business. The 20-year-old graduated from Ka`u High School in 2013. Santos also graduated from high school with honors in the Philippines. She is a Ka`u Chamber of Commerce scholarship winner who studies in the nursing program at University of Hawai`i – Hilo. She aspires to become a nurse at Ka`u Hospital. She was a member of the National Honor Society, Interact Club and Akamai Finance Academy and has interned with the international Longshore & Warehouse Union. She has tutored at Pahala and Na`alehu schools, won statewide awards for science and engineering projects and speaks several languages. Her talent is playing the violin.
      Jennifer Flores Tabios was born Jan. 11, 1997 on the Big Island. She is the daughter of William and Grace Tabios, of Na`alehu. The 18-year-old is a senior at Ka`u High School. She serves as vice president of the student body and is a member of National Honor Society and the Interact Club. She has earned one of the highest grade-point averages in her class. At the 2015 Science and Engineering Fair at `Imiloa, she won best project for astronomy and earned the Galileo Award for her experiment on surface tension. She works with her family’s The Rising Sun Ka`u Coffee, which has taken top awards at the international Specialty Coffee Association of America competition. She also works with the Will & Grace store in Na`alehu. Upon graduation, Tabios hopes to attend UCLA where she plans to study neurology. Her talent is singing and playing `ukulele.
      To comment on or like this story, go to facebook.com/kaucalendar.

Rep. Richard Creagan
THE HOUSE COMMITTEE ON ENERGY and Environmental Protection is scheduled to decide on a resolution regarding Hawaiian Electric Co.’s proposed merger with NextEra Energy today. HR 158 requests that the Public Utilities Commission protect the public interest in reviewing the proposed acquisition to determine whether NextEra is likely to act in the long-term best interests of Hawai`i ratepayers and whether the transaction is in the long-term public interest, including the state’s ability to achieve its renewable energy goals. It also requests that the PUC consider, at a minimum, imposing strict conditions to ensure the bedrock principles of reliability, reasonable rates, competition and customer choice and protecting local jobs and economic benefits to the state. 
      Ka`u’s Rep. Richard Creagan told Chris D’Angelo, of West Hawai`i Today, that public perception is that the merger “is being rushed forward, which is unacceptable given that it will change lives across the state for a long time.” Creagan also said concerns about NextEra are “real, not rumors” and that the company is not a “white knight coming in to save Hawaiians” from high energy bills.
      “They’re not coming in here to lose money. They’re coming in here to make money,” he said.
      Creagan also told D’Angelo that Hawai`i Island should be given a chance to pursue an independent cooperative.
      See westhawaiitoday.com.
     To comment on or like this story, go to facebook.com/kaucalendar.

NEXTERA ENERGY, INC., HAWAIIAN ELECTRIC CO. and Hawai`i Electric Light Company yesterday announced that the companies will be hosting open house informational meetings to introduce residents to NextEra Energy and the benefits of the companies’ pending merger as well as to provide members of the public with the opportunity to provide input directly to company officials.
      “Since we announced our merger late last year, we’ve been gratified at the reception we’ve received as well as the high level of interest in this important topic for Hawai`i,” said Eric Gleason, president of NextEra Energy Hawai`i, LLC. “NextEra Energy shares Hawaiian Electric’s vision of increasing renewable energy, modernizing its grid, reducing Hawai`i’s dependence on imported oil, integrating more rooftop solar energy and, importantly, lowering customer bills. We recognize that addressing Hawai`i’s energy challenges requires Hawai`i-specific energy solutions, and that is why we look forward to meeting with and listening to residents across Hawai`i. The meetings will provide us with the opportunity to receive valuable feedback while allowing residents to learn more about NextEra Energy and the significant near- and long-term benefits this merger will deliver to Hawaiian Electric customers and the state of Hawai`i.”
      Alan Oshima, Hawaiian Electric’s president and chief executive officer, said, “In selecting NextEra Energy as our partner, we will join a company that shares our community and environmental values, has a proven track record of lowering electric bills, is the world’s largest generator of renewable energy from the wind and sun, and is committed to rooftop solar in Hawai`i. We can’t imagine a better match to help us accelerate the clean energy transformation we all want for Hawai`i. We hope our customers will take the opportunity to meet members of the NextEra Energy team and learn firsthand why NextEra Energy is the right partner to help us achieve a cleaner and more affordable energy future for Hawai`i.” 
      Each open house meeting will be held from 5 p.m. to 8 p.m. Meetings are on Monday, April 13 at Hilo and Pahoa High School Cafeterias and Tuesday, April 14 at Kealakehe High School Cafeteria and Hawai`i Preparatory Academy’s Village Campus Dining Hall.
      To comment on or like this story, go to facebook.com/kaucalendar.

Beekeepers James Severtson and Carol Conner Photo from Aloha Honey Co.
LITTLE LEAGUE REGISTRATION is now open for children from nine to 12 years old. Registration forms and fees of $55 are due by this Friday. All parents or guardians must bring participants’ birth certificates and three documents proving residency or one document supporting school enrollment. Anyone interested can stop by Na`alehu Park in the afternoons or call Jolisa Masters at 640-2135. 

BEEKEEPERS JAMES SEVERTSON AND CAROL CONNER discuss Bees In Hawai`i: Trouble in Paradise? today at After Dark in the Park. The program takes place at 7 p.m. at Kilauea Visitor Center Auditorium in Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park. $2 donations support After Dark programs. Park entrance fees apply.

HAWAI`I VOLCANOES NATIONAL PARK rangers and cultural practitioners share the art of pandanus weaving and how to prepare leaves tomorrow from 10 a.m. to 12 p.m. at Kilauea Visitor Center lanai. Free; park entrance fees apply.


See kaucalendar.com/KauCalendar_March2015.pdf.
See kaucalendar.com/Directory2015.pdf and