About The Kaʻū Calendar

Ka`u, Hawai`i, United States
A locally owned and run community newspaper (www.kaucalendar.com) distributed in print to all Ka`u District residents of Ocean View, Na`alehu, Pahala, Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park, Volcano Village and Miloli`i on the Big Island of Hawai`i. This blog is where you can catch up on what's happening daily with our news briefs. This blog is provided by The Ka`u Calendar Newspaper (kaucalendar.com), Pahala Plantation Cottages (pahalaplantationcottages.com), Local Productions, Inc. and the Edmund C. Olson Trust.

Tuesday, July 25, 2017

Ka`u News Briefs Tuesday, July 25, 2017

Hawai`i Wildlife Fund has been working all summer to clean up the Ka`u Coast and other shorelines, including
a volunteer event this Friday.  Photo by Hawai`i Wildlife Fund
"IF YOU GET SICK, IT'S NOT YOUR FAULT. In the richest country in the world, we can take care of each other," tweeted Hawai`i Sentator Brian Schatz on Tuesday when the U.S. Senate voted to send the Affordable Care Act repeal bill to the floor for debate. "This thing is not over. Not by a long shot. We took a gut punch, but people agree with us, and we should act like it. Keep fighting!" said Schatz.
     Sen. Mazie Hirono released a statement saying, “Today’s vote was disappointing, but our fight to save the Affordable Care Act is only beginning. Any proposal Senate Republicans come up with will kick millions off of their health care and hurt the sickest, oldest, and poorest in our communities. If this is what the Republican Party wants to stand for, the American people will hold them accountable.”
Sen. Brian Schatz with a bull horn, joins Senators  Mazie Hirono,
Elizabeth Warren, Richard Blumenthal, and Cory
Booker on the steps of the Capitol urging protection of health care.
Photo from Brian Schatz
      Rep. Tulsi Gabbard tweeted, "We should be expanding Medicare & increasing access to healthcare, not taking it away from millions - we must fight for the American people."
     Sending the bill to the Senate floor brings it one step closer to passage. AARP vowed to inform its 38 million members and the public the voting record for and against Obamacare "in our publications, online and in direct alerts."
     Almost every health, hospital, doctors and nurses association in the United States lobbied against the proposed repeal. The American Medical Association urged the Senate to reject efforts to repeal or replace the Affordable Care Act, stating, "Recent revisions do not correct core elements that will lead to millions of Americans losing health insurance coverage with a resulting decline in both health status and outcomes.
Sen. Mazie Hirono asked people to help fight to keep health
insurance for the poor, the middle class and the elderly, after
the Senate vote to debate on repealing Obamacare.
Photo from Mazie Hirono
   "In numerous communications this year, we have urged Congress to approach reform of the Affordable Care Act in a manner consistent with a number of key objectives. These objectives, embedded in AMA policy and ratified by the representatives of the more than 190 state and national medical specialty organizations represented in the AMA House of Delegates, have formed the basis for AMA consideration of reforms to our health care system. Among these priorities are efforts to ensure that those currently covered do not become uninsured; the preservation of key insurance market reforms and efforts to stabilize and strengthen the individual insurance market; ensuring that low and moderate income patients are able to secure affordable and meaningful coverage; and the provision of adequate funding for Medicaid and other safety net programs.
     "Unfortunately, neither the proposed Better Care Reconciliation Act nor the Obamacare Repeal Reconciliation Act adequately addresses these key concerns. Each bill results in millions more Americans without health insurance coverage, weakened markets, less access to affordable coverage and care, and the undermining of funding for state Medicaid programs. Furthermore, while efforts have been made to improve the bill through provisions such as supplemental funding to address opioid abuse and market stability funding, these investments are made necessary because of the reduced health insurance coverage and weakened markets brought about by the underlying legislation.
     "Senators from both sides of the aisle have expressed interest in pursuing remedies to stabilize the individual market and foster greater availability and choice of health plans. We urge Congress to take this initial step. Longer term, stakeholders and policymakers need to work in concert to address the challenge of unsustainable trends in health care costs. The AMA is ready to work on both short and long-term solutions.
     "The Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act and the 21st Century Cures Act are recent examples of what can be accomplished to improve the health of the nation when Congress works in a bipartisan fashion and with key stakeholder groups. Again, we urge you to reject efforts to repeal or replace the Affordable Care Act and work instead toward improvements that will increase access to affordable, quality health care coverage for all Americans," the AMA statement concluded.

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Blue Zone offers a cooking demo in Na`alehu on Friday
and a healthy gardening demo on Aug. 2,
Photo from Blue Zone
BLUE ZONE IS HOSTING HEALTHY LIVING EVENTS on Thursday, July 27 at Na`alehu Community Center at 11 a.m. with a cooking demonstration. On Wednesday, Aug. 2 from 9:30 a.m. to 11 a.m. iwll be a gardening demonstration at Pahala Community Center. A statement from Blue Zone says, "The world’s longest-lived people live in environments that constantly nudge them toward a healthy lifestyle that includes moving naturally, eating wisely, having the right outlook, and connecting with family and friends." Blue Zone is sponsored by HMSA, the largest health insurer in Hawai`i.

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HELP CLEAN THE KA`U COAST with a Kamilo workday this Friday, July 28. Join Hawai`i Wildlife Fund, The Nature Conservancy and KUPU volunteers. Space is limited. Contact Hawai`i Wildlife Fund through Megan Lamson, kahakai.cleanups@gmail.com.

THE NATURE CONSERVANCY'S CORPORATE COUNCIL FOR THE ENVIRONMENT raised over $200,000 for local conservation in fiscal year 2017.
     Ka`u sites include the Kamehame Hawksbill Turtle Preserve, and native forest preserves stretching from Pahala to Na`alehu.
Hawksbill turtle nest at Kamehame.
Photo by Will Olsen/Hawksbille Turtle Project
     The Corporate Council for the Environment is a group of local business leaders who recognize the vital link between Hawaii’s environment and its economy. Since its launch in 1987, the Corporate Council has raised over $4 million to protect Hawaii’s natural resources.
     Corporate Visionary supporters with donations of $25,000 or more are: Alaska Airlines, Moana ‘Ohana, and Skyline Eco-Adventures. Executive Leadership Circle supporters with donations of $10,000 or more are: ABC Stores, Alexander & Baldwin, Hawaiian Electric Industries, The Shidler Family Foundation, and William Yeoward Crystal.
     “In Hawai‘i, the environment is the economy,” said Ulalia Woodside, the Conservancy’s Hawai‘i Executive Director. “These companies know the importance of protecting the lands and waters that sustain Hawaii’s people, economy and island way of life.”
     Since 1980, The Nature Conservancy has protected more than 200,000 acres of natural lands in Hawai‘i and works with other public and private landowners to protect the islands’ key watersheds. The Conservancy manages a statewide network of 14 preserves and works in 20 coastal communities to protect the near-shore waters of the main Hawaiian Islands.

Hawksbill Turtle Preserve makai of Pahala, cared for
by The Nature Conservancy and the Hawksbill
Turtle Project. Photo by Steve Raner
Ohe Kāpala Demonstration, Wed, July 26, 10 a.m. – 12 p.m., Kīlauea Visitor Center lānai in Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park. Learn to create designs from traditional patterns using bamboo stamps (‘ohe kāpala). Free; park entrance fees apply.

Free Cooking Demo, Thursday, July 27, 9:30 a.m., Nā‘ālehu Community Center. Learn how to prepare plant-based recipes that are Blue Zones-approved. Enjoy samples, meet people from your community, and join a walking or potluck group to win prizes. RSVP jade.iokepa@healthways.com.

Coffee Talk, Friday, July 28, 9:30 – 11 a.m., Kahuku Unit of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park. An informal conversation on a wide variety of topics. Ka‘ū coffee, tea and pastries available for purchase. Free.

Ocean View Community Development Corp. meeting, Friday, July 28, 5 p.m., Hawaiian Ranchos office.

Kimchi Making, Sat, July 29, 10 a.m. – 2 p.m., Volcano Art Center in Volcano Village. Aaron and Soohee Martinson introduce students to techniques used to make traditional Korean kimchi. 967-8222.

Monday, July 24, 2017

Ka`u News Briefs Monday, July 24, 2017

Ka`u photographer Peter Anderson captured this Ka`u silversword image through infrared photography.
Photo by Peter Anderson
TWO HURCULEAN FEATS IN HAWAIIAN PLANT CONSERVATION have been announced by Hawaiian Volcanoes National Park. A team of biologists has the successful reintroduction of the endangered Ka'ū silversword (Argyroxiphium kauense) and Pele lobeliad (Clermontia peleana) on Mauna Loa and Kīlauea volcanoes in Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park.
     In an article recently published in the leading science journal, Biological Conservation, the biologists describe their 20-year efforts on Hawai'i Island to rescue the plants from the edge of extinction.
Park ecologist David Benitez and Rob Robichaux collecting pollen 
from a Ka'ū silversword. NPS Photo/Janice Wei
     "It's been two decades of painstaking efforts by devoted individuals from federal, state and private agencies and institutions to save these plants," said Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park botanist Sierra McDaniel. "The team used technical rope systems to produce cuttings from Pele lobeliads in the rainforest canopy, flew by helicopter to remote volcanic slopes to rescue Ka'ū silverswords, and worked long hours in the field and greenhouses to save them. It's impossible to describe the joy we feel to see these plants thrive in the wild again," she said.
     The 11-page article describes the efforts and plants in detail, with color photographs that illustrate the nature of the efforts and convey the exceptional beauty of the plants. The article celebrates the centennial anniversary of Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park, which was established Aug. 1, 1916 and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Pele lobeliad flowers with nectar droplet at Volcano Rare Planet
Facility greenhouse.. The abundant nectar serves as a food reward
for native honeycreepers. Photo courtesy of Rob Robichaux
     The Pele lobeliad nearly went extinct. Only five remnant plants are known in the wild, but now, more than 1,000 Pele lobeliads have been reintroduced in protected areas in the national park. The effort with the Ka'ū silversword has been similarly successful, with more than 21,000 plants having been reintroduced in the park. Furthermore, the Ka'ū silversword has now produced offspring of its own – a key factor for long-term recovery.
     An important aspect of the work has been linking the reintroduction efforts to landscape restoration at large scales in the park and in adjacent state and private lands, thereby providing opportunities for future growth and expansion of the silversword and lobeliad populations.
     "The highly collaborative nature of the work has been the key to its success," said Rob Robichaux, professor of ecology and evolutionary biology at the University of Arizona, and coordinator of the silversword and lobeliad recovery efforts. "Daunting challenges remain. Yet the story of the Ka'ū silversword and Pele lobeliad offers hope for a brighter future in which the landscapes of Hawai'i are once again replenished with its many native plant species, which are true marvels of evolution," he said.
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The FDA agrees that eating mac nuts can help reduce coronary heard disease risk.
Photo from Royal Hawaiian Orchards
ROYAL HAWAIIAN ORCHARDS, with thousands of macadamia acres in Ka`u and a large workforce in the community confirmed on Monday that the U.S. Food & Drug Administration has approved its parent company's petition to advertise that consuming macadamia nuts can help reduce the risk of coronary heart disease under certain circumstances. The company also purports to sell non-GMO products.
     A statement was released by Royal Hawaiian Macadamia Nut, Inc. referring to its "nutritiously delicious Hawaiian island-harvested macadamia nut foods under the Royal Hawaiian Orchards, brand."
Royal Hawaiian boosts the health benefits
of cooking with macadamia. 
Photo from Royal Hawaiian Orchards
Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death in men and women in the United States, said the statement. While the FDA previously approved a qualified health claim for the consumption of other tree nuts, the announcement is the first time the agency has extended a qualified health claim to macadamia nuts specifically. The following statement may now be applied in connection to the consumption of whole or chopped macadamia nuts, including raw, blanched, roasted, salted or unsalted, and/or lightly coated and/or flavored macadamia nuts:
     “Supportive but not conclusive research shows that eating 1.5 ounces per day of macadamia nuts, as part of a diet low in saturated fat and cholesterol and not resulting in increased intake of saturated fat or calories may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease.”
     “This is a truly a historic day for everyone in the macadamia nut industry,” said Scott Wallace of Royal Hawaiian Macadamia Nut. “Research about the benefits macadamia nuts have for heart health has existed for decades, and we’ve worked tirelessly to secure the legal right to share this with the masses. Many people associate almonds, pistachios and walnuts with better health, but this momentous decision from the FDA now puts macadamia nuts in a similar category. We want consumers to know that there is real, supportive evidence with respect to the benefits of consuming macadamia nuts. Consumers are aware of the benefits of consuming other tree nuts like almonds and walnuts, and we want them to know similar benefits are available from consuming macadamia nuts. Royal Hawaiian Orchards makes a variety of options – from savory roasted nuts, to macadamia milks, confections and more – that are now widely available, so it’s easy to enjoy both the great taste and the benefits of macadamias almost anywhere in the country.”
     Wallace pointed out that macadamia nuts have no cholesterol and are high in monounsaturated fats—the same healthy fats found in olive oil and avocados, which are known to help reduce bad cholesterol levels and can lower risk of heart disease and stroke. Scientists first discovered that
Royal Hawaiian sells non GMO nuts.
Photo from Royal Hawaiian Orchards
adding macadamia nuts to the diet appeared to lower the amount of LDL cholesterol in the blood during the 1990s and 2000s. Since then, researchers have been exploring the connection, resulting in a growing body of scientific evidence supporting that a diet including macadamia nuts can help lower LDL cholesterol levels. One ounce of macadamia nuts (about 15 nuts) is also an excellent source of thiamin and manganese, a good source of dietary fiber and copper, and contains protein, magnesium, iron and phytosterols, said Wallace.
    Royal Hawaiian Orchard offers a portfolio of macadamia nut-based snacks, including: Roasted Macadamia Nuts, Macadamia Nut Milk, Dark Chocolate Covered Macadamia Nuts and Fruit & Macadamia Nut Crunches. "It is the only brand with a range of macadamia nut-based snacks in several high-growth grocery categories," states a press release from Royal Hawaiian Orchards.
     Royal Hawaiian Orchards products are available in grocery, natural food, club and convenience stores throughout the United States, including Safeway/Albertsons, Stop and Shop, Giant, Publix, Meijer, Jewel, Savemart/Lucky, 7-Eleven, select Whole Food Markets and Costco locations and more. To learn more about Royal Hawaiian Orchards and the health benefits of macadamia nuts, see www.royalhawaiianorchards.com.

Denyse Woo-Ockerman plays Queen Emma
Tuesday at Hawai`i Volcanoes
National Park.
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HOVE Road Maintenance board of directors meeting, Tue, July 25, 10 a.m., St. Jude’s Church. 929-9910

Ka‘ū Food Pantry, Tue, July 25, 11:30 a.m. – 1 p.m., St. Jude’s Episcopal Church in Ocean View.

A ONE-WOMAN SHOW ON QUEEN EMMA'S LIFE comes to Kīlauea Visitor Center, Tuesday, July 25 at 7 p.m. 
     Hānaiakamālama stars UH Hilo Performing Arts graduate Denyse Woo-Ockerman who brings the audience into Queen Emma’s home as she contemplates her eventful life, rich in family history and the weight of unexpected tragedy. Married to Alexander Liholiho, Kamehameha IV, the queen reveals her resilience as they attempted to build, side by side, a better life for all Hawaiians, in a time of great change in the islands.
The event is free; a suggested $2.00 donation helps support park programs - Park entrance fees apply.

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Sunday, July 23, 2017

Ka`u News Briefs Sunday, July 23, 2017

Gloria Camba, President of the Ka`u Coffee Growers Cooperative, grows coffee with Rogelio Aquino. Their
Ka`u Royal Coffee placed in the top ten in the state for the Creative Division in this weekend's Hawai`i Coffee
Association Convention. Photo from R&G

R&G FARM'S KA`U ROYAL COFFEE RANKED IN THE TOP TEN in the Creative Division of the Ninth Annual Hawai`i Coffee Association Cupping Contest. Grown by Gloria and Rogelio Aquino, the Typica variety was conventionally cultivated and wet fermented for processing. The score for this Ka`u Coffee was 84.05, taking eighth place.
Rogelio Aquino partners with Gloria Camba in their
award-winning R&G Ka`u Royal Coffee.
Photo from R&G
     Camba said that "Bong and I are very, very excited to rank in the top ten statewide in the Creative Division."
      A five-way tie for sixteenth place included two coffees from Mailan Lahey's Wood Valley farm, a Typica, conventionally cultivated and processed through carbonic maceration, and a Caturra, organically cultivated and washed. Both coffees scored at 82.93.
     The Creative Division's first place winner was from Olinda Organic Farm. The coffee was a red catuai, organically cultivated and wet fermented. Other top-ten finishers were Hula Daddy Kona Coffee, LLC, Kainaliu-Kona Coffee, Hala Tree, Maui Mountain coffee Farm, Second Alarm Farm, Big Island Coffee Roasters, Maui Estate Coffee Co. and Pueo Coffee Co.
     The top four in the Ka`u District rankings were Miranda's Farms and  R&G, with Wood Valley Farm taking third and fourth.
100 Percent Pure Ka`u Coffee took top ten positions in cupping
competitions this weekend at the statewide coffee convention.
Photo from R&G
     A press release from Hawai`i Coffee Association says that "The new board of directors features broad representation spanning a variety of business disciplines including Big Island Coffee Roasters, Heavenly Hawaiian Farms, Hawai`i Coffee Company, Royal Kona Visitors Center, Hawai`i Coffee Growers Association, Hula Daddy Kona Coffee, Hawai`i Agricultural Research Center, Kaua`i Coffee Company LLC, Daylight Mind Coffee Co., Maui Coffee Association and UCC-Hawai`i."
    The Hawai`i Coffee Associaiton board member from Ka`u is Chris Manfredi, who brokers coffee to Starbucks for Ka`u Coffee farmers. Vice President is Tom Greenwell, of Greenwell Farms. Treasurer is Adrian Guillen of Hawaiian Queen Coffee and Secretary is Donna Wooley of the Kona Coffee Council.
Spinning this way from Mexico, tropical storms are lining up.
Image from National Hurricane Center

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TROPICAL STORMS ARE LINED UP COMING THIS WAY FROM MEXICO. While Greg is expected to diminish, Irwin is slowly gaining strength and Hilary is primed to become a major hurricane by Tuesday. Where the two wind up could depend on their interaction with one another, reports the National Hurricane Center.
Kīlauea Volcano’s Kamokuna ocean entry photographed on May 23, 2017 (left) and July 13, 2017 (right) show how lava flowing from the tube has both widened and thickened the delta. Near the sea cliff, the delta appears to have doubled in thickness over the past seven weeks, creating a distinctly sloped surface from the base of the cliff to the sea. As of mid-July, the Kamokuna lava delta was estimated to be about 1150 feet (350 m) wide and about 6 acres in area. Large cracks on the delta indicate its instability and potential for collapse. USGS photos by L. DeSmither.

KILAUEA VOLCANO'S KAMOKUNA OCEAN ENTRY REACHES ONE YEAR ANNIVERSARY, reports the latest Volcano Watch from Hawai`i Volcano Observatory.
July 26th marks the one-year anniversary of Kīlauea Volcano’s episode 61g lava flow reaching the sea. And at this time, there’s no indication that the Kamokuna ocean entry will soon end.
      The story began in late May 2016, when a new vent opened on the flank of the Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō cone on Kīlauea Volcano’s East Rift Zone. This new phase was called “episode 61g,” as it was the seventh subevent of the 61st episode of the Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō eruption, which began in 1983.
    The episode 61g flow gradually advanced down the south flank of Kīlauea, and, within two months, reached the coast. Just after 1:00 a.m. on July 26, 2016, lava entered the ocean in an area historically called Kamokuna.
Lava creating explosion of steam as it hits the ocean.
USGS Photo
      When the 61g flow first spilled over the sea cliff, it had been almost three years since lava entered the ocean. Just two weeks later, another branch of the 61g flow entered the ocean west of the main Kamokuna entry. But this second entry was short-lived, lasting only a few months.
      The initial Kamokuna ocean entry then became the focus of activity, and the lava wasted no time in building a delta at the base of the sea cliff. By the end of 2016, the lava delta was approximately 24 acres in size.
      Lava deltas are inherently unstable features, and the instability of the large Kamokuna delta soon became apparent. Large cracks formed parallel to the coast and the front of the delta slumped seaward.
     On New Year’s Eve (Dec. 31, 2016), around 21 acres of the delta and 4 acres of the adjacent older sea cliff collapsed into the ocean. This collapse occurred in piecemeal fashion over the course of several hours. Afterward, only a small remnant of the delta, a ledge of about 2.5 acres, remained along the base of the sea cliff.
      Following the delta collapse, tube-fed lava jetted from the cliff face and plunged into the seawater below. Due to its appearance, the gushing lava stream was referred to as a “firehose” flow. This firehose lasted for nearly three months, but surprisingly, a delta did not begin to build right away.
Active delta on the southeast coast of Kialuea Volcano
USGS Photo
      As the flow entered the ocean, spectacular explosions—caused by the interaction of hot lava and cool seawater— hurled fragments of molten and solid rock and volcanic glass both landward and seaward. These ballistic fragments, which can be larger than a basketball and reach several hundred yards (meters), are one of the many hazards at an ocean entry.
      After the 2016 delta collapse, the sea cliff near the ocean entry became unstable. The exact cause of this is instability is unknown, but it’s possible that the collapse oversteepened the cliff below sea level, weakening its foundation.
      In early February 2017, a large slice of the sea cliff, separated from the coastal plain by a deep crack, could be seen vibrating. As it did, the adjacent ground shook. This slice, along with other portions of the sea cliff, eventually collapsed into the sea. These cliff failures can generate large ocean waves and swells, airborne rocky debris, and other dangers for people too close to the ocean entry—on land and at sea.
Lava drizzling into the ocean, creating new land.
USGS Photo
      Near the end of March, the firehose flow was no longer visible, and lava finally began building a small delta. This delta grew to roughly 3 acres (estimated from time-lapse images) before collapsing on May 3. After this collapse, another delta quickly began to form, growing to approximately 6 acres as of mid-July.
      A steep ramp of crusted-over lava currently extends from the lava tube exit point (near the top of the cliff) to the delta surface. This ramp formed as the firehose surface cooled and hardened.
      Cracks and failures of the ramp have resulted in lava spilling onto the delta surface repeatedly during the past month. These flows have thickened the delta significantly, creating a distinctly sloped surface from the base of the cliff to the sea.
      Currently, large, arcuate cracks span nearly the entire length of the lava delta—a reminder that it is unstable and could collapse without warning. Like other ocean entries during the Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō eruption, the Kamokuna entry is a highly dynamic, and potentially dangerous, part of the lava flow field.

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HOVE Road Maintenance board of directors meeting, Tue, July 25, 10 a.m., St. Jude’s Church. 929-9910

Ka‘ū Food Pantry, Tue, July 25, 11:30 a.m. – 1 p.m., St. Jude’s Episcopal Church in Ocean View.