About The Ka`u Calendar

Ka`u, Hawai`i, United States
A locally owned and run community newspaper (www.kaucalendar.com) distributed in print to all Ka`u District residents of Ocean View, Na`alehu, Pahala, Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park, Volcano Village and Miloli`i on the Big Island of Hawai`i. This blog is where you can catch up on what's happening daily with our news briefs. This blog is provided by The Ka`u Calendar Newspaper (kaucalendar.com), Pahala Plantation Cottages (pahalaplantationcottages.com), Local Productions, Inc. and the Edmund C. Olson Trust.

Saturday, October 22, 2016

Ka`u Calendar News Briefs Saturday, Oct. 22, 2016

The tower at Kulani Cone, with transmitters that will send two Hawai`i Public Radio station streams, HPR-1 and HPE-2 further
into Ka`u, following the acquisition of the KAHU community radio license in Pahala. Photo from HPR
EXPANDED RADIO RECEPTION FOR MORE OF KA`U is expected next week as Hawaiʻi Public Radio turns on its new transmitters located on a tower at Kulani Cone between Volcano and Hilo. The tower is high enough on Mauna Loa to reach the east side of Ka`u and beyond, into the southern most district in the state, the last place in the inhabited Hawaiian Islands without good radio coverage, the last territory targeted for HPR expansion.
      HPR will provide two channels. The existing is HPR-1, now transmitted to a small area of Ka`u from a KAHU radio transmitter at the historic bank and radio building on Maile Street in Pahala. Its new frequency will be 89.1 transmited directly from Kulani Cone. The addition channel, HPR-2, with a separate schedule of programming, will be found at 91.3. Once the new transmitters are broadcasting, HPR will turn its attention to improving the transmission throughout the rest of Ka`u, said HPR's Director of Marketing Phyllis Look, speaking to The Ka`u Calendar newspaper this morning.
     The estimated sign-on date is this Wednesday, October 26, after 12 noon. “This marks the completion of the nonprofit station's long-held goal of a radio network spanning the major Hawaiian islands with both of its programming streams,” said a statement from HPR.
Civil Defense provided funded equipment, above, installed at KAHU community radio
in Pahalaa for emergency broadcasts throughout Ka`u. The license transferred to
Hawai`i Public Radio, which promises to achieve Ka`u-wide coverage, its reach
expanding next week from new transmitters on Kulani Cone. Photo by Julia Neal
     José A. Fajardo, HPRʻs new President and General Manager, who recently moved to Hawai`i from Orlando, FL, made the announcement about the broader coverage for HPR-1 and the addition of HPR-2. He gave an address to listeners on Friday, the final day of the stationʻs statewide fall fund drive, which raised nearly $872,162. "This is a historic moment," he said, "made possible by the community of supporters who have kept the faith and supported the station throughout its statewide expansion." The new HPR GM said, "Credit must also go to my predecessor, the visionary Michael Titterton, the networkʻs master builder.” 
     Titterton visited Ka`u and negotiated the purchase of the licence from the KAHU community radio station, which broadcast live from Pahala, funded in part by county and state Civil Defense to provide Ka`u with emergency broadcasting. It offered local news daily from The Ka`u Calendar newspaper, live and recorded music and talk story sessions with many Ka`u celebrities and students. At the time of the purchase of the KAHU license, with all programming switching to a feed from HPR-1 in Honolulu, Titterton said that local broadcasts or shows coming from Ka`u could be possible in the long-term future of HPR.
Hawai`i International Music Festival helped raise money from Ka`u for
Hawai`i Public Radio. Among the performers were Eric Silberger.
Photo by Carlin Ma
      The new “transmitter project required extensive negotiations for a suitable location, FCC licensing, and structural renovations, as well as scheduling adjustments for extreme weather delays,” said yesterday's HPR statement. A capital campaign began in November 2013, after HPR acquired the broadcast license for the Kaʻu community radio station. HPR achieved its $150,000 goal for the new Kulani transmission site in January 2015. Donations were received from 271 individual charter members, as well as lead gifts from the Atherton Family Foundation, Hawaiian Electric Light Co., KTA Super Stores (in memory of Koichi and Taniyo Taniguchi, founders of KTA Super Stores and K. Taniguchi, Ltd.), McInerny Foundation, and the Schafer Philanthropic Family Fund.
     The Hawai`i International Music Festival held a concert at Pahala Plantation House in August to start raising additional funding from Ka`u supporters of HPR. Donations will soon be sent to the station, said festival co-founder Amy Shoremount-Obra, a soprano with the Metropolitan Opera in New York and family member to Ka`u Coffee farmers and marketers.
     The HPR-2 programs, to be broadcast for the first time in Ka`u, include a mix of national and international news, talk, entertainment, and music. Popular programs are Fresh Air (weekdays, 3 p.m.), Wait, Wait...Don't Tell Me (Saturdays, 11 a.m.), the station's talk shows The Conversation (weekdays, 8 a.m.) or The Body Show, Bytemarks Café, and Town Square (weekdays, 5 p.m.), and the locally produced jazz, Hawaiian, blues, and Latin music programs. See more at hawaiipublicradio.org 
To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter.

A new display at Honolulu International Airport is open to the
public, honoring Japanese American World War II heroes, including
Iwao Yonemitsu and the late Toku Nakano. Photo by Julia Neal
A NEW DISPLAY HONORING JAPANESE AMERICAN WORLD WAR II heroes can be seen by Ka`u residents traveling through the Honolulu International Airport. Sen. Mazie K. Hirono commemorated the service of Japanese American World War II veterans yesterday at the Nisei Veterans Legacy Exhibit. It includes profiles of members of the 100th Infantry Battalion, 442nd Regimental Combat Team, Military Intelligence Service, and the 1399th Engineer Construction Battalion.
     Among the Japanese American World War II heroes from Ka`u are Iwao Yonemitsu and the late Toku Nakano. Another war hero with strong Ka`u connections is the late Sen. Dan Inouye who helped kick start the Ka`u Coffee industry with federal grants when sugar workers lost their jobs 20 years ago. Inouye was also key in the doubling of the size of Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park, much of it in Ka`u.
     During yesterday’s ceremonies, Hirono said that “Through this exhibit, millions of people who pass through Honolulu International Airport each year will have the opportunity to learn more about the heroism and service of Japanese American World War II veterans, who bravely fought for the United States even as their loyalty was questioned at home.”
     In 2010, Senator Hirono championed legislation to award Japanese American World War II veterans the Congressional Gold Medal, one of the country’s highest civilian honors. Yonemitsu and Nakano were among those who received them.
To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter.

THE NATIVE HAWAIIAN CROW, extinct in the wild since 2002, will be released into the native forest, following many years of hard work to bring the ʻalalā species back from the edge of total extinction. More than 100 ʻalalā live in captivity through the Hawaiʻi Endangered Bird Conservation Program at two facilities, including the Keauhou Bird Conservation Center in Kaʻū, near Volcano Village. 
     ʻAlalā will be released in the Puʻu Makaʻala Natural Area Reserve, mauka of Volcano on the slopes of Mauna Loa. Owned and managed by the State of Hawaiʻi, Puʻu Makaʻa offers a dense understory with many ʻalalā food plants. providing a quality habitat for ʻalalā. 
     In November, five males will be released, followed by another seven ʻalalā several months later. “We are very excited to be ready to create a population of this species in its native habitat again,” said Bryce Masuda, conservation program manager for the Hawaiʻi Endangered Bird Conservation Program.
      The historical range of ʻalalā extends from North Kona down into Kaʻū and Puna on the slopes of Hualālai and Mauna Loa.
      To celebrate the release of ʻalalā back into the wild, the ʻAlalā Project is holding a community event on Saturday, Nov. 19 at Mokupāpapa Discovery Center in downtown Hilo. The free, family-friendly gathering runs from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. and will feature video footage of the release, keiki activities, and conservation info booths.
      The restoration of ʻalalā to the wild is a partnership between state Division of Forestry and Wildlife, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and San Diego Zoo Global. To learn more, visit alalaproject.org. 
To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter.

A PALM TRAIL HIKE AT KAHUKU IN HAWAI`I VOLCANOES NATIONAL PARK is free on Sunday, 9:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. The moderately difficult, 2.6-mile, loop-trail provides one of the best panoramic views Kahuku has to offer. Along the way are relics of the ranching era, sections of remnant native forest and amazing volcanic features from the 1868 eruptive fissures. Kahuku can be hot and dry or cool and rainy. Bring sunscreen, rain gear, good walking shoes for the moderate hike, water and snacks.


Friday, October 21, 2016

Ka`u Calendar News Briefs Friday, Oct. 21, 2016

Pele's hair from the active lava lake at Halema`uma`u is covering parts of the Ka`u Desert.
See more below. Photo from USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory
KAPAPALA RANCH COOPERATIVE GAME MANAGEMENT AREA and Kapapala Forest Reserve will be open for game bird hunting Saturdays, Sundays,and state holidays for the entire upcoming season. The 2016-2017 Game Bird Hunting Season opens on Saturday, Nov. 5. State biologists are predicting a below average season of bird hunting, with lingering drought impacts in many parts of the state. The fall game bird hunting season will run through Sunday, Jan. 29. A valid hunting license and a game bird stamp are required for all game bird hunting on public and private lands. All game bird hunting is regulated by Hawai`i Administrative Rules Title 13, Chapter 122. See http://hawaii.gov/dlnr/dofaw “Administrative Rules” for all legal hunting days.
Game bird hunting season begins soon.
Painting by Mike Brown from DLNR
      Other game bird hunting areas on Hawai`i Island include Mauna Kea GMA & Forest Reserve and Pu`u Mali Mitigation Site, Pohakuloa Training Area, Pu`u Wa`awa`a Forest Reserve & Pu`u Anahulu, Pu`uanahulu GMA, Kaohe GMA & Mitigation Site, Kipuka `Ainahou, Kahua/Ponoholo Ranch Special Permit Area.
      Hunters are required to check in and out at established check stations. First obtain permission from landowners when seeking to hunt on private land. Prevent wildfires by not parking or driving in tall grass or brush. Report fires to 911.
      Report game law violators to the Division of Conservation and Resources Enforcement at 643-DLNR (3567).
      Further information may be obtained by contacting Division of Forestry & Wildlife in Hilo at 974-4221. 
Sen. Brian Schatz
      To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter.

U.S. SEN. BRIAN SCHATZ CALLED FOR PASSAGE of a bill he co-introduced to “fix our broken college accreditation system and reduce college debt.” The bill would require the federal Department of Education to develop standards regarding rates of graduation, job placement and loan repayment.
      “A higher education is meant to help people move up the economic ladder, but too many students are being left deep in debt and without a degree,” Schatz said. “Our college accreditation system should be working to weed out bad schools, but as we’ve seen with the recent closures of fraudulent institutions that remained accredited up until the day they closed, that just isn’t happening. For the protection of students and taxpayers, our bill will put common sense standards in place to improve the quality of higher education and hold accreditors accountable for failing schools.”
      To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter.

Pahala Community Center opens Tuesday for early voting and late
registration. Photo from Hawai`i Office of Elections
EARLY VOTING AND LATE REGISTRATION for the general election begins Tuesday. Although the deadline to register to vote on Nov. 8 has passed, residents can still register and vote at several locations prior to Election Day.
      Pahala Community Center will be open to vote and register Monday through Friday from 9 a.m. to 12 p.m. and 1 p.m. to 3 p.m.
      Other Hawai`i Island sites are Aupuni Center Conference Room in Hilo, West Hawai`i Civic Center Community Room and Waimea Community Center.

KTA IS RAISING FUNDS FOR BOYS & GIRLS CLUBS. Ka`u supporters can donate at any KTA checkout stand throughout the Big Island. One hundred percent of donations taken at KTA go to support the Boys & Girls Clubs. Many Ka`u children spend the afternoons after school at the Boys & Girls Clubs in Ka`u.

AMBER WAVES OF PELE’S HAIR ARE COVERING the Ka`u Desert downwind of Halema`uma`u. Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientists explain why in the current issue of Volcano Watch
      “The lava lake within Halema`uma`u Crater at the summit of Kilauea Volcano is creating a scene remindful of a messy barbershop floor, except that it’s acres and acres wide rather than a few square feet,” the article states. “The ground downwind of the crater is strewn with Pele’s hair, and it is almost impossible to avoid stepping on it.
This close-up of Pele's hair shows how individual strands of volcanic
glass can become aligned with wind direction. Photo from HVO
      “Such a scene has not been reported before at Kilauea. What’s happening? 
      “Pele’s hair consists of long glass fibers that form when gas bubbles burst in the lava lake. Pieces of the fluid bubble skin are propelled violently into the air, drawing out into long, hair-like strands that cool to a golden-colored glass. Since the lake is bubbling almost constantly, large volumes of Pele’s hair are made daily. The resulting hair blows downwind from Halema`uma`u, across the caldera and into the Ka`u Desert.
      “The Pele’s hair collects against embankments, such as gully walls or curbs in the now-closed Halema`uma`u Crater parking lot. It also is strewn across the ground surface, catching on small rocks and ultimately creating a web of interwoven hair. The web is streamlined, with most pieces of hair aligned with the wind direction.
      “When a south (kona) wind blows, Pele’s hair can easily reach the Jaggar Museum Overlook area in Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park, where it drapes `ohi`a like tinsel on a Christmas tree.
      “Drifts of Pele’s hair can survive for years and even decades, but, once the eruption has ended, wind will strip the hair from most surfaces. The photos included here show scenes what many will never see first-hand, because most of the Pele’s hair is blown downwind of the summit vent – an area of the national park that has been closed since 2008 due to elevated sulfur dioxide emissions and other ongoing volcanic hazards.”
      See hvo.wr.usgs.gov/volcanowatch. To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter.

Learn about bookbinding techniques Saturday.
Photo from VAC
A WILD AND UNHINGED WEEKEND IS BEING PLANNED for a week from tomorrow by Volcano Art Center.
      Hawai`i’s year-round growing
 season offers a wide array of wild food options for intrepid localvores. From seeds to leaves, stems to fruits, participants learn what is edible and what is not in the Edible Wild Plants workshop from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. Interact first-hand with many of these under-appreciated edibles during an outing at Kipuka Pua`ulu (Bird Park) in Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park.
      Class size is limited; cost is $40/$30 VAC members. Participants bring lunch.
      VAC reminds residents to never eat anything from the wild without first consulting an expert and forage responsibly. Attendees will carpool from VAC in Volcano Village to Bird Park.
      Charlene Asato dispels mysteries of the piano hinge book in a workshop from 9 a.m. to 12 p.m. Utilizing paper and rods, this structure can be highly sculptural and textural. Piano hinge books are nice to look at and feel in your hands because they move differently than a regular book. You’ll be entranced by the possibilities of this binding, devised by Hedi Kyle, who is well known for her unconventional book structures.
      Cost is $35/$32 VAC members plus a $10 materials fee. Prior bookbinding experience is not necessary.

Hikers on Palm Trail. NPS Photo by Sami Steinkamp
KAHUKU UNIT OF HAWAI`I VOLCANOES NATIONAL PARK offers free programs this weekend.
      Participants discover the Hawaiian goddesses Hi`iaka & Pele and the natural phenomena they represent on a moderate, one-mile walk tomorrow from 9:30 a.m. to 11 a.m.
      The Palm Trail Hike on Sunday from 9:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. follows a moderately difficult, 2.6-mile, loop-trail that provides one of the best panoramic views Kahuku has to offer.

A WORKSHOP TOMORROW FOCUSES ON THE LATEST coffee processing equipment, coffee berry borer control, crop nutrition, subsidy programs and legislative updates.
      The workshop takes place at Pahala Community Center from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. with a one-hour lunch break at 11:30 a.m.
      RSVP to Laura Diaz at laura@ldomarket.com, 928-8188 or 408-306-5596.


See kaucalendar.com.
See kaucalendar.com/TheDirectory2016.html
and kaucalendar.com/TheDirectory2016.pdf.

Thursday, October 20, 2016

Ka`u Calendar News Briefs Thursday, Oct. 20, 2016

Hawai`i Board of Agriculture approved a permanent quarantine of `ohi`a on Hawai`i Island to prevent
the spread of rapid `ohi`a death to other islands. See more below. Photo from UH-CTAHR
HAWAI`I COUNTY’S CHILDREN HAVE THE HIGHEST PREVALENCE OF TOOTH DECAY in the United States, according to the state Department of Health. Also, the burden of oral disease is significantly greater in certain segments of the population. For example, tooth decay is disproportionately experienced statewide by low-income children, defined as those who are eligible for the National School Lunch Program. About 31 percent of children eligible for NSLP have untreated tooth decay compared to 13 percent for those not eligible. The disparities gap is even more pronounced when looking at urgent dental needs due to pain and/or infection. The need for urgent dental care is more than five times higher in low-income children compared to their higher-income peers (13 percent vs. two percent respectively).
Hawai`i County's children have the highest prevalence of tooth decay
in the state, as well as in the nation. Graph from Hawai`i DOH
      In its report Hawai`i Smiles, DOH takes its first in-depth look at the oral health status of a representative sample of third-grade children throughout the state. During the 2014-2015 school year, a total of 3,184 third-grade children in 67 public elementary schools on six islands received dental screenings. Third-grade children were screened because third grade is the target elementary school population for the National Oral Health Surveillance System. The findings support the need for culturally appropriate, community-based prevention programs, screening and referral services, and restorative dental care to improve the oral health of Hawai`i’s children
      According to the report, more than seven out of 10 third-graders (71 percent) statewide are affected by tooth decay; substantially higher than the national average of 52 percent. Almost one out of four third-graders (22 percent) in Hawai`i has untreated tooth decay, demonstrating that many children are not getting the dental care they need. About seven percent of Hawai`i’s third-grade children are in need of urgent dental care because of pain or infection. If applied to all children in kindergarten to sixth grade, more than 6,600 children in Hawai`i’s public elementary schools experience pain or infection due to dental disease on any given day. More than 60 percent of children in Hawai`i do not have protective dental sealants, a safe, simple, cost-effective clinical intervention to prevent tooth decay in molars.
      There are significant oral health disparities by income, as well as by race/ethnicity, among third-graders in Hawai`i. Third-graders living in Kaua`i, Hawai`i, and Maui Counties are more likely to have experienced tooth decay than children living in Honolulu County.
Hawai`i DOH offers advise on preventing tooth decay.
Photo from Hawai`i DOH
      DOH urges preventing tooth decay. Medical, dental and public health professionals must focus dental disease prevention efforts on families with children less than two years of age, because two is too late. The American Dental Association, the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry and the American Association of Pediatricians all recommend preventive dental care and parent education by age one.
      Evidence-based strategies for preventing tooth decay in children include applying a fluoride varnish twice a year to the teeth of all infants and children starting when the first tooth comes into the mouth at about six months of age. Fluoride varnish can be applied at medical and dental clinics and in community settings such as preschools and WIC programs.
      Parents should brush children’s teeth with fluoride toothpaste twice a day as soon as teeth appear in the mouth.
      Community water fluoridation has been shown to prevent tooth decay in both children and adults.
      Daily fluoride supplementation starting at six months of age is recommended for children whose water supply does not contain fluoride. Limiting food and beverages with added sugars will prevent dental decay and other health issues.
      All children should be referred to a dentist as early as six months of age to establish a dental home. Following that initial visit, most children should have a dental examination at least once a year; some high risk children may need more frequent examinations.
      Dental sealants are placed to protect the chewing surface of the permanent molars soon after they come into the mouth around six and 12 years of age.
      According to DOH, decreasing dental disease among a child’s caregivers benefits the oral health of the child. It also suggests that early education regarding infant oral health can be shared with pregnant mothers and caregivers through routine oral health care.
      To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter.

Rapid `ohi`a death continues to ravage Hawai`i Island's
native forests. Photo from Hawai`i DLNR
A PERMANENT QUARANTINE OF `OHI`A ON HAWAI`I ISLAND will go into effect if approved by the lieutenant governor. Ivy Ashe reported in Hawai`i Tribune-Herald that the state Board of Agriculture approved the measure on Tuesday.
      With rapid `ohi`a death ravaging the island’s native forests, an emergency quarantine went into effect last August to prevent its spread.
      “We’ve had good leadership at the DOA,” J.B. Friday, of University of Hawai`i College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, told Ashe. “They said ‘No, we’re going to do this.’ It (rapid `ohi`a death) was pretty fast-moving, but there was a window to do something about it.”
      While not banning all shipments of `ohi`a, the quarantine required testing shipments for Ceratocystis fimbriata, the fungus that causes the disease.
      The permanent quarantine requires any product being transported to be tested and properly permitted.
      See hawaiitribune-herald.com.
      To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter.

HAWAI`I ELECTRIC LIGHT CO. IS OFFERING an optional time-of-use rate program that will charge customers less for power used during the day – when solar energy production is highest – and more at night.
      Developed under the direction of the Hawai`i Public Utilities Commission, these rates encourage customers to use electricity when solar power is abundant and enable cost-effective integration of renewable energy.
      This program will provide customers with an opportunity to save money if they shift their energy use to daytime hours. For example, customers who do laundry, cook or heat water during the day may be able to save. Customers who charge electric vehicles or energy storage systems in the day may also benefit. The amount of any savings will depend on how much a customer changes their usage. As a result, this program may not fit the needs of all customers.
      As directed by the PUC, this program will run for two years and is only for residential customers. Participation will be voluntary and limited to the first 5,000 Hawaiian Electric Co. customers throughout the state who enroll.
Rep. Tulsi Gabbard sends a staff member
to Ka`u tomorrow.
      Participating customers will receive information on their bills that compares their costs under this program and the normal residential rate for electricity. Customers may opt out of the program at any time if they feel it isn’t the right fit for them.
      On Hawai`i Island, the current all-day residential rate is 29.7 cents per kilowatt-hour. With time-of-use, the rate would be 9.7 cents/kwh from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., 49.2 cents/kwh from 5 p.m. to 10 p.m. and 34.3 cents/kwh from 10 p.m. to 9 a.m.
      To enroll or for more information, call Hawai`i Electric Light Co. at 969-6999 in Hilo or 329-3584 in Kona.
      To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter.

KA`U RESIDENTS ARE INVITED TO MEET with a staff member from U.S. Rep. Tulsi Gabbard’s office tomorrow from 10 a.m. to 12 p.m. at Ocean View Community Center. Call 939-7033 for more information.

Learn about coffee production Saturday.
INTERESTED IN KA`U COFFEE PRODUCTION? A workshop on Saturday focuses on the latest processing equipment, coffee berry borer control, crop nutrition, subsidy programs and legislative updates.
      Topics include Latest Tendencies in the Processing of Specialty Coffee, Benefits of Using Cal-Carbonate to Correct Low pH Soils, Herding Predatory Flat Bark Beetles, Impact of Ka`u Soil Type/Qualities on Crop Nutrition Decisions, and several discussions related to coffee berry borer control.
      The workshop takes place at Pahala Community Center from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. with a one-hour lunch break at 11:30 a.m.
      RSVP to Laura Diaz at laura@ldomarket.com, 928-8188 or 408-306-5596.


See kaucalendar.com.
See kaucalendar.com/TheDirectory2016.html
and kaucalendar.com/TheDirectory2016.pdf.