About The Kaʻū Calendar

Ka`u, Hawai`i, United States
A locally owned and run community newspaper (www.kaucalendar.com) distributed in print to all Ka`u District residents of Ocean View, Na`alehu, Pahala, Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park, Volcano Village and Miloli`i on the Big Island of Hawai`i. This blog is where you can catch up on what's happening daily with our news briefs. This blog is provided by The Ka`u Calendar Newspaper (kaucalendar.com), Pahala Plantation Cottages (pahalaplantationcottages.com), Local Productions, Inc. and the Edmund C. Olson Trust.

Friday, November 08, 2019

Ka‘ū News Briefs, Friday, November 8, 2019

Reopening of parts of Byron Ledge and Devastation Trail wills provide more parking for Kīlauea Iki Trail, and a
triple view of Kīlauea, Mauna Loa, and Mauna Kea. NPS photo
SECTIONS OF BYRON LEDGE AND DEVASTATION TRAILS REOPEN TOMORROW, Saturday, Nov. 9 in Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park. As eruption recovery efforts continue, the Park has repaired the parts of Byron Ledge Trail and Devastation Trail that lead to Kīlauea Iki Trail.
     The scenic 1.1-mile section of trail was damaged by the 60,000 intense earthquakes during the Kīlauea eruption and summit collapse between April 30 and Aug. 4, 2018. The connector trails provide hikers with views of the Pu‘u Pua‘i cinder cone, and three volcanoes – Kīlauea, Mauna Loa, and Mauna Kea – en route to the Kīlauea Iki trailhead on the west side of the crater.
Panoramic views of Kīlauea caldera and Mauna Loa 
from Byron Ledge Trail. NPS photo/Janice Wei
     The reopening also provides much-needed parking at the Devastation Trail parking lot for hikers wanting to experience the iconic Kīlauea Iki Trail. Parking is limited and often overcrowded at Kīlauea Iki Overlook. Accessing Kīlauea Iki Trail by parking at the Devastation Trail parking lot adds a 2.2-mile "cherry stem" to the four-mile loop trail, for a total of 6.2 miles.
     Additional disaster recovery continues in the Park. Keep track of recovery progress at nps.gov/havo/recovery.htm.

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THE CLEAN ENERGY TRANSITION IN HAWAIʻI, to replace fossil fuels used for the generation of electricity, is the goal of over 75 renewable project submissions sent to the Hawaiian Electric Companies. Plans for solar, wind, energy storage, and other technologies are among response to the utilities' largest procurement effort. The submissions include more than 200 variations on how the resources could be better configured for more clean energy.
     Proposed projects are under review by Hawaiian Electric's renewable acquisitions team and some may ultimately drop out. It is the largest single renewable energy procurement effort in Hawai‘i and among the largest by a U.S. utility.
     Because projects are subject to competitive bidding, the utilities plans to withhold detailed information about the sizes, types and locations proposed until the final award groups are named in May 2020.
Rooftop solar from individual homes, tied to the power grid, may be among
new projects for Hawaiʻi achieving 100 percent clean energy.
Photo by Annie Bosted
     In the first phase of the renewable procurement, completed in 2018, the utilities negotiated contracts for eight projects on three islands. Regulators approved seven  on O‘ahu, Maui, and Hawai‘i Island to add approximately 260 megawatts of solar energy with over one gigawatt-hour of storage by the end of 2021. One project is still pending commission approval. The stable, long-term prices negotiated for those projects are significantly lower than the current cost of fossil fuel generation.
     The utilities will select the final winners on May 8, and begin contract negotiations on May 15. Pending negotiations and final approvals by the Public Utilities Commission, the first renewable projects would come online in 2022.
     Jim Alberts, senior vice president for Hawaiʻi Electric business development and strategic planning, said, "We're really pleased by the strong response, both in the number of projects and the diversity of approaches. Seeing such a robust response from the market is really encouraging. A lot has to fall in place to make this all work but if we're successful with these projects and others already underway we'll be well past the halfway mark to achieving the state's 100 percent renewable energy goal."
     Hawaiian Electric's guiding principles in seeking renewable energy and grid services include transparency, predictability, and streamlining to lower costs for customers, with community engagement essential to success, stated a release from the utilities.

The GoFarm Hawaiʻi:Growing Veterans program at Hoʻōla Farms seeks
to give veterans tools for self sufficiencyPhoto from Hoʻōla Farms
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HOʻŌLA FARMS, a non-profit in Hilo, was awarded the U.S. Department of Agriculture National Institute of Food and Agriculture Enhancing Agricultural Opportunities for Military Veterans Grant. Of the 47 applications submitted to the program for review, Hoʻōla Farms' innovative pilot program, GoFarm Hawaiʻi: Growing Veterans, was one of six applicants selected nationwide.
The team at Hoʻōla Farms. Photo from Hoʻōla Farms
     GoFarm Hawaiʻi:Growing Veterans combines GoFarm Hawaiʻi's six month agricultural training program for commercial agriculture production, with essential health and human services to support veterans in their businesses and personal lives. The goal of the program "is to increase the number of veterans seeking and securing educational, employment, and entrepreneurial opportunities in the food and agriculture sector on Hawaiʻi Island."
     The program will last seven months, including a one month orientation phase and six month intensive agricultural training phase. The format consists of classroom-style lectures, in-person and via Internet; hands-on practical work days at the training farm; and field trips to operational farms. Students complete theory and practical coursework related to the fundamentals of crop farming: soil fertility, irrigation, seeds, crop planning, food safety, nutrient management, taxonomy, plant anatomy, and pest management.
Produce from Hoʻōla Farms is sold locally. Photo from Hoʻōla Farms
     Classroom sessions are supplemented by hands-on farm work and field demonstrations of techniques by instructors. Participants transition to applying knowledge and skills learned by growing produce for a community-based supported agriculture program organized by GoFarm Hawaiʻi. Participants are actively farming during this phase while also gaining technical skills related to business planning and management, marketing, product development, and portfolio development.
     After graduation, participants can apply for business incubation support, and utilize shared land and resources provided by GoFarm Hawaiʻi to operate a commercial agribusiness. Support of veterans in business incubator or operating independent businesses is provided by GoFarm Hawaiʻi AgBusiness Services. The services include business consulting and development technical assistance; planning and analysis of financial and operational performance, processes, and procedures; business and marketing plan development and execution; strategic planning and project management services to achieve client goals; and building an ongoing relationship that fosters continual improvement of operations.
     Classes begin early 2020. Interested Veterans may inquire at hoolafarms.org or tomorrow, Saturday, Nov. 9 at 10 a.m. at the Hawaiʻi Island Veterans Day Parade in Hilo.

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CELEBRATE GENERAL KNOWLEDGE in health and Hawaiian culture at the 5th Annual Lā ʻOhana tomorrow, Saturday, Nov. 9, from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. at Miloliʻi Park. Attendees of the free event can receive health screenings from University of 
Hawaiʻi at Hilo School of Pharmacy; get assistance with open enrollment for health insurance from Big Island Kokua Services Partnerships; and experience cultural demonstrations, like Hawaiian medicine, laʻau lapaʻau, from Hui Malama Ola Na ʻOiwi, loi pounding, lauhala and coconut leaf weaving. The event will also have informational booths from marine conservation organization Conservation International; arts and crafts from local vendors; live entertainment by local artists; ono grinds, such as baked goods, drinks, and shaved ice to purchase; and more.
     The Miloliʻi Hipuʻu online virtual academy of Kua o Ka Lā Public Charter School will be fundraising by selling baked goods, drinks, and more. The public can also purchase raffle tickets. Supporters include Hawaiʻi Tourism Authority, Hawaiʻi Community Foundation, Alu Like, UH-Hilo School of Pharmacy, Paʻa Pono Miloliʻi, Conservation International, Kua o Ka Lā PCS, Hauʻoli Kamanaʻo Church, and many others.
     For more, contact Kaimi Kaupiko at (808) 937-1310 or kkaupiko@gmail.com.

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AERIAL ELECTRICITY LINE INSPECTIONS of Hawai‘i Electric Light's major overhead transmission lines will run from Monday, Nov. 18 to Wednesday, Nov. 20. The islandwide inspections are scheduled from 7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. However, exact times and routes will depend on weather conditions. Inspections will be conducted in a Manuiwa Airways helicopter and require the aircraft to fly low and slow, which may cause some noise disturbances. Hawai‘i Electric Light apologizes for any disruption this may cause and sincerely thanks the community for their cooperation and understanding. Questions? Concerns? Call 969-6666.

Turmeric root is commonly used in food, to dye cloth, and
in traditional medicine. Photo from gardenandhome.co.za
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A FARM IN HILO IS SEEKING A PART-TIME HARVESTER OF TURMERIC - a root used in food, for dyeing, and in traditional medicine - on Thursdays and Fridays. Compensation is determined by the number of pounds harvested. Contact Richard Kodani at 808-987-5723 for more information.

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THE MONTHLY UPDATE ON KĪLAUEA VOLCANO from U.S. Geologic Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory includes seismic activity information and more in-depth analysis of the water sample, taken from the hot, green pond in Halemaʻumaʻu:
     Kīlauea Volcano Alert Level: NORMAL, Aviation Color Code: GREEN. Kīlauea is not erupting. Monitoring data continue to show steady rates of seismicity and ground deformation, low rates of sulfur dioxide emissions, and only minor geologic changes since the end of eruptive activity in September 2018.
     Monitoring data have shown no significant changes in volcanic activity during September. Seismic stations detected over 1,600 events, which is an increase of about 12 percent from last month. Episodic increases in seismicity seem to have lost their timely periodicity, as the last swarm, on Oct. 13, was followed by low rates of seismicity at the summit. Sulfur dioxide emission rates are low at the summit and are below detection limits at Puʻu ʻŌʻō and the lower East Rift Zone. The pond at the bottom of Halemaʻumaʻu, which began forming on July 25, continues to slowly expand and deepen.
The collapsed summit of Kīlauea. NPS photo
     Although not currently erupting, areas of persistently elevated ground temperatures and minor release of gases are still found in the vicinity of the 2018 lower East Rift Zone fissures. These include steam (water), very small amounts of hydrogen sulfide, and carbon dioxide. These conditions are expected to be long-term. Similar conditions following the 1955 eruption continued for years to decades.
     Since early March 2019, GPS stations and tiltmeters at the Kīlauea summit have recorded deformation consistent with slow magma accumulation within the shallow portion of the Kīlauea summit magma system (1-2 km or approximately 1 mile below ground level). However, gas measurements have yet to indicate significant shallowing of magma. HVO continues to carefully monitor all data streams at the Kīlauea summit for important changes.
     There was an inflationary event near Puʻu ʻŌʻō that occurred during the end of September through the first week of October. Continuous stations near the cone experienced an acceleration of motion consistent with source inflation on the rift between Puʻu ʻŌʻō and Kupaianaha.
     Farther east, GPS stations and tiltmeters continue to show motions consistent with slowed refilling of the deep East Rift Zone magmatic reservoir in the broad region between Puʻu ʻŌʻō and Highway 130. Monitoring data do not suggest any imminent change in volcanic hazard for this area. In addition to motion along the East Rift Zone, the south flank of Kīlauea continues to creep seaward at elevated rates following the May 4, 2018 M6.9 earthquake near Kalapana. HVO continues to carefully monitor all data streams along the Kīlauea East Rift Zone and south flank for important changes.
The hot, green pond in Kīlauea's Halemaʻumaʻu Crater. USGS photo
     A sample of the water collected from the Halemaʻumaʻu water lake by UAS on Oct. 26 has undergone preliminary analysis. Early results indicate that the sample has a pH of 4.2 (moderately acidic, in the range of many fruit juices) and high concentrations of dissolved sulfur and magnesium. This composition reflects complex processes including reactions between magmatic gases, groundwater (that was recharged as precipitation), and Kīlauea's basaltic rocks (through which the groundwater flows towards the pond). The water's composition is significantly different from rainwater and is also significantly different from water present in the deep Keller Well 1.5 km (1 mi) south of Halemaʻumaʻu. The difference from Keller Well water suggests that the release of magmatic gases is currently focused under the crater and ponded water, consistent with long term observations at the summit.
     Results of the water sample analysis will assist HVO in evaluating potential eruptive hazards posed by Kīlauea. For example, the high concentration of dissolved sulfate in the lake water (53,000 mg per liter, 75 percent of total dissolved solids) suggests that it originates from SO2 released by magma residing at shallow depths below Halemaʻumaʻu. Further work may help constrain that depth.
     If much of the SO2 emitted by subsurface magma is being dissolved into the water, current measurements of SO2 emission rate for Kīlauea summit (~30 t/d) are underestimates for true SO2 release from the magma. In the absence of the summit water, SO2 emission rates would likely be higher, perhaps closer to the ~200 t/d emitted prior to the 2008 appearance of the summit lava lake. Future changes in sulfate concentration of the water may indicate changes in SO2 degassing and magma depth.

On Oct. 26, a drone was used to collect a water sample from the hot, green pond in Halemaʻumaʻu. USGS photo
     The lake is also variable in color and temperature. HVO's single sample of water may not be representative of the lake as a whole. Additional water samples may be necessary to best monitor all aspects of Kīlauea's current non-eruptive state.
     Hazards remain in the lower East Rift Zone eruption area and at the Kīlauea summit. Residents and visitors near the 2018 fissures, lava flows, and summit collapse area should heed Hawaii County Civil Defense and National Park warnings. Lava flows and features created by the 2018 eruption are primarily on private property and persons are asked to be respectful and not enter or park on private property.
     HVO continues to closely monitor geologic changes, seismicity, deformation, and gas emissions for any sign of increased activity at Kīlauea. HVO maintains visual surveillance of the volcano with web cameras and field visits. Additional messages and alert level changes will be issued as warranted by changing activity.
     As of June 25, Kīlauea Volcano has been at NORMAL/GREEN. For definitions of USGS Volcano Alert Levels and Aviation Color Codes, see volcanoes.usgs.gov/vhp/about_alerts.html. Kīlauea remains an active volcano, and it will erupt again. Although HVO expects clear signs prior to the next eruption, the time frame of warning may be short. Island of Hawaiʻi residents should be familiar with the long-term hazard map for Kīlauea Volcano at pubs.usgs.gov/mf/1992/2193/, and should stay informed about Kīlauea activity.

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Print edition of The Kaʻū Calendar is free to 5,500 mailboxes 
throughout Kaʻū, from Miloliʻi through Volcano, and free on 
stands throughout the district. Read online at kaucalendar.com
See monthly and weekly Kaʻū and Volcano Events, Meetings, Entertainment, Exercise, and Meditation at kaucalendar.com.

UPCOMING
SATURDAY, NOV. 9
Pancake Breakfast and Raffle, Saturday, Nov. 9, 8-11a.m., Ocean View Community Center. To volunteer, call 939-7033, ovcahi.org

5th Annual Lā ‘Ohana, Saturday, Nov. 9, 9a.m.-3p.m., Miloli‘i Park. Live local entertainment. Free event for health and Hawaiian culture "celebrating generational knowledge." UH-Hilo Pharmacy health screenings, open enrollment for health insurance with Big Island Kokua Services Partnerships, cultural demonstrations, Hawaiian medicine from Hui Mālama Ola Nā ‘Ōiwi, informational booths from marine conservation organization, arts and crafts from community vendors. Baked goods, drinks, shaved ice, ono grinds, and more. Kaimi Kaupiko, 937-1310, kkaupiko@gmail.com

Nā Mamo o Kāwā ʻOhana Work Day, Saturday, Nov. 9, meet 9:30a.m., Northern Gate, Kāwā. RSVP to James Akau, jakau@nmok.org, 561-9111. Bring a water bottle, lunch, closed toed shoes, long sleeved t-shirt, and pants. Tools, gloves, water, and light refreshments provided. nmok.orgfacebook.com/NMOK.Hawaii

Birth of Kahuku, Saturday, Nov. 9, 9:30-11:30a.m., Kahuku Unit, HVNP. Free, easy-to-moderate hike. nps.gov/havo

Zentangle Introduction to Bitty BookZ with Lois and Earl Stokes, Saturday, Nov. 9, 10a.m.-1p.m., Volcano Art Center. Art supplies provided (returning students encouraged to bring favorite supplies). Open to all levels. No experience required. Potluck, bring food to share. $30/VAC member, $35/non-member, plus $15 supply fee. 967-8222, volcanoartcenter.org

Sounds at the Summit featuring Constant as the Moon, Saturday, Nov. 9, 5:30-7:30p.m., Volcano Art Center. Doors open 5p.m. $20/VAC member, $25/non-member. Purchase tickets online, VAC Admin Office or VAC Gallery. Wine, beer, soft drinks, and snacks available for purchase. 967-8222, volcanoartcenter.org

Soul Town Band, Saturday, Nov. 9, 7-10p.m., Kīlauea Military Camp's Lava Lounge, in HVNP. $5 cover charge. Open to authorized patrons and sponsored guests. Park entrance fees apply. kilaueamilitarycamp.com

SUNDAY, NOV. 10
Pu‘u Lokuana, Sunday, Nov. 10, 9:30-11a.m., Kahuku Unit, HVNP. Free, short, moderately difficult, 0.4 mile hike. nps.gov/havo

Medicine for the Mind: Teachings in the Tibetan Buddhist Tradition, Sunday, Nov. 10 – 2nd Sunday, monthly – 3-5p.m., Volcano Art Center. Free; calabash donations welcome. Dress warmly. Patty Johnson, 345-1527, volcanoartcenter.org

MONDAY, NOV. 11
P&R Coach Pitch Baseball League Registration, Nov. 11 - Jan. 6, Kahuku Park. Ages 7-8. Athletic shoes, glove, and uniform required. Program takes place Jan. 13 - Apr. 16, day and time TBA. 929-9113, hawaiicounty.gov/departments/parks-and-recreation/recreation

Free Entrance to Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park in honor of Veterans Day, Monday, Nov. 11, sunrise to sunset. nps.gov/havo

AdvoCATS, Wednesday, Nov. 11, 7a.m.-4:30p.m., Ocean View Community Center. Free spay/neuter for cats. 895-9283, advocatshawaii.org

Veteran's Day Celebration, Monday, Nov. 11, 9a.m., Nā‘ālehu Community Ball Park. Live entertainment. Free lunch for all. Informational booths. Free. All ages. Sponsored by ‘O Ka‘ū Kakou. 939-2510, hawaiicounty.gov/departments/parks-and-recreation/recreation, okaukakou.org

Veterans Day Ceremony, Monday, Nov. 11, 3p.m., Kīlauea Military Camp's Front Lawn. Keynote Speaker: Captain Dylan Nonaka, Commander of the 871st EN CO. All veterans that attend the ceremony invited as guests for free Prime Rib Buffet. Call 967-8371 to reserve voucher before Nov. 8, late registration can register on site. Open to authorized patrons and sponsored guests. 967-8356, kilaueamilitarycamp.com

Veterans Day Buffet, Monday, Nov. 11, 4-7.m., Kīlauea Military Camp's Crater Rim Cafe. All veterans that attend the ceremony at 3p.m. on the front lawn of KMC are invited as guests for free Prime Rib Buffet. Call 967-8371 to reserve voucher before Nov. 8, late registration can register on site. All others - $29.95/adult, $15.95/child (ages 6-11). Open to authorized patrons and sponsored guests. 967-8356, kilaueamilitarycamp.com

TUESDAY, NOV. 12
Turkey Trot Event Registration, Nov. 12-27, Ka‘ū District Gym. Event takes place Wednesday, Nov. 27, noon-2p.m. Grades Pre-K to 6. 928-3102, hawaiicounty.gov/departments/parks-and-recreation/recreation

Turkey Windsock Activity Registration, Nov. 12-19, Ka‘ū District Gym. Program takes place Wednesday, Nov. 20, 3:30-5p.m., multipurpose room. Grades K-6. 928-3102, hawaiicounty.gov/departments/parks-and-recreation/recreation

Mobile Spay & Neuter Waggin', Saturday, Nov. 12, 7:30a.m.-4p.m., St. Jude's Episcopal Church, Ocean View. Low income pet parents and those with limited transportation qualify for mobile spay/neuter service. Free. Surgery by phone appointment only. Hawai‘i Island Humane Society, 796-0107, hihs.org

Birding at Kīpukapuaulu, Tuesday, Nov. 12, 8-10a.m., Kīpukapuaulu - Bird Park - parking lot, HVNP. Led by retired USGS Biologist Nic Sherma. Two hour birding tour. $40/person. Register online. Organized by Friends of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park. 985-7373, admin@fhvnp.org, fhvnp.org

Cultural Understanding through Art and the Environment: Lauhala Weaving with Ku‘uipo Kakahiki-Morales, Tuesday, Nov. 12, 11a.m.-1p.m., Volcano Art Center. $10 per person supply fee. 967-8222, volcanoartcenter.org

After Dark in the Park - Sixty Years Later: 1959 Eruption of Kīlauea Iki and its Impacts on Volcanology, Tuesday, Nov. 12, 7-8p.m., Kīlauea Visitor Center Auditorium. Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientist emeritus Don Swanson presents. Free; park entrance fees apply. 985-6011, nps.gov/havo/

WEDNESDAY, NOV. 13
Nā Pa‘ani Hula, Wednesday, Nov. 13, 10a.m.-noon, outside Hale Noa o Kīlauea, across from Volcano Art Center Gallery, HVNP. Hula practitioner Amy Kaʻawaloa demonstrates the instruments used to provide rhythmic structure to hula. Free; park entrance fees apply. 985-6011, nps.gov/havo/

Trail Less Traveled, Wednesday, Nov. 13, 10a.m.-noon, Devastation Trail parking lot, HVNP. Moderate, 2 mile, two hour roundtrip hike. $40/person. Register online. Family friendly. Organized by Friends of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park. 985-7373, admin@fhvnp.org, fhvnp.org

THURSDAY, NOV. 14
Birding at Kīpukapuaulu, Thursday, Nov. 14, 8-10a.m., Kīpukapuaulu - Bird Park - parking lot, HVNP. Led by retired USGS Biologist Nic Sherma. Two hour birding tour. $40/person. Register online. Organized by Friends of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park. 985-7373, admin@fhvnp.org, fhvnp.org

‘Alalā Project Update, Thursday, Nov. 14, 6:30-8p.m., Volcano Art Center. $5 donation suggested. 967-8222, volcanoartcenter.org

Hawaiian Civic Club of Ka‘ū, Thursday, Nov. 14, 6:30p.m., United Methodist Church, Nā‘ālehu. Pres. Berkeley Yoshida, 747-0197

FRIDAY, NOV. 15
Health Insurance Sign-Up, Friday, Nov. 15, 10a.m.-3p.m., Ocean View Community Center. 939-7033, ovcahi.org

ONGOING
West Hawai‘i Master Gardeners Program Accepting Applications through Friday, Nov. 15, cms.ctahr.hawaii.edu/whmgprogram/HOME/West-Hawaii. Classes take place Jan. 14 - April 17, 2020, every Tuesday, 9a.m.-noon. $200/person.

P&R Track & Field Practice Registration, through Wednesday, Nov. 20Kahuku Park. Ages 6-14. Athletic shoes required. Program takes place Dec. 2 - Feb. 8, day and time TBA. 929-9113, hawaiicounty.gov/departments/parks-and-recreation/recreation

Vendor Booth Space is Available for the Kamahalo Craft Fair. The 12th annual event will be held Thanksgiving weekend, Friday, Nov. 299 a.m. to 4 p.m., and Saturday, Nov. 30, 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. at Cooper Center. Booths are open for crafters with quality homemade and homegrown products. Food vendors must prepare all food items in a certified kitchen and must have a Department of Health permit displayed prominently at their booth. Application online at thecoopercenter.org. Direct questions to 936-9705 or kilaueatutu@gmail.com.

Tūtū & Me Home Visiting Program is a free service to Pāhala families with keiki, birth to five years old. This caregiver support program offers those taking care of young keiki "a compassionate listening ear, helpful parenting tips and strategies, fun and exciting activities, and wonderful educational resources" from Tūtū & Me Traveling Preschool. Home visits are one hour in length, two to four times per month, for 12 to 15 visits. Snacks are provided. See pidfoundation.org or call Tata Compehos and Melody Espejo at 808-938-1088.

King Cab 2016 Nissan Frontier for Sale by Holy Rosary Church of Pāhala and the Sacred Heart Church of Nāʻālehu. The parishes are selling the truck to raise funds to benefit both churches. The truck is a great 6 cylinder, 2WD automobile. The churches are asking for $21K or best offer. Only cash or cashier's check will be accepted. Anyone interested should contact the parish secretary Tuesday through Friday from 8:30 a.m. - 12:30 p.m. at 928-8208.

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