About The Kaʻū Calendar

Ka`u, Hawai`i, United States
A locally owned and run community newspaper (www.kaucalendar.com) distributed in print to all Ka`u District residents of Ocean View, Na`alehu, Pahala, Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park, Volcano Village and Miloli`i on the Big Island of Hawai`i. This blog is where you can catch up on what's happening daily with our news briefs. This blog is provided by The Ka`u Calendar Newspaper (kaucalendar.com), Pahala Plantation Cottages (pahalaplantationcottages.com), Local Productions, Inc. and the Edmund C. Olson Trust.

Sunday, November 03, 2019

Ka‘ū News Briefs, Sunday, November 3, 2019

The dance of Veracruz in Mexico came to the grounds of Pāhala Community Center this weekend.
Photo by Julia Neal
MEXICO CAME TO KAʻŪ THIS WEEKEND WITH TRADITIONAL DANCE. The Mexicans also brought Polynesian movement that reflects training from Hawaiian hula teachers like Kumu Hula Debbie Ryder of Pāhala, along with the dance troupes' own cultural background mixed with dreams and ideas of Polynesia.
     Ballet Bali Hai from Mexico City put on a full show for Hoʻokupu Hula No Kaʻū on Saturday, with a crew of 40 who flew in from Mexico with costumes and instruments to take part in the cultural festival at Pāhala Community Center.
     The dances ranged from spirited Tahitian by men and women, with music and choreography that could be in Las Vegas, to subtle hula in farm village attire. The group also offered a song for protecting Maunakea, where protests have been ongoing in opposition to building more telescopes on the mountain.
     Mexican dancers also shared their own regional performances, with dances that reflect a Spanish tradition with movements steeped in Native Mexican folklore.
     Hawaiian Kumu Hula attending and presenting the dance of their own hālau, lauded the Mexican emissaries of dance, for loving Hawaiʻi and Polynesia enough to dedicate themselves to hula and its music while developing their own stylings and approaches.
     See photos below and more in Monday's Kaʻū News Briefs.

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Yucatan folk dance from Mexico came to Hoʻokupu Hula No Kaʻū Cultural Festival. Photo by Julia Neal
MORE RESEARCH ON INDUSTRIAL HEMP PRODUCTION IN HAWAIʻI can move forward, now that the U.S. Department of Agriculture has released Interim Final Rules for growing and processing it under the 2018 Farm Bill. The only legal way to cultivate hemp in Hawaiʻi is under a license from the Hawaiʻi State Department of Agriculture, overseen by the USDA. This means any cannabis growing in Hawaiʻi outside of the state’s industrial hemp pilot program, no matter how it tests, is legally marijuana.
     The new rules outlines provisions for the USDA to approve plans submitted by states and tribes for the domestic production of hemp. It also establishes a federal plan for producers in states or territories of tribes that do not have their own USDA-approved plan.
     The state Department of Agriculture  issued a statement on Friday saying it expects legislative action in order for Hawaiʻi's hemp growers to transition from the pilot program to commercial
production.  In the interim, the state ag department continues to prepare a plan for submission to USDA, and to run Hawaiʻi's Industrial Hemp Research Pilot Program in accordance with the 2014 Farm Bill and current state law.
Tahitian village folk dance, interpreted by Ballet Bali Hai of Mexico City. Photo by Julia Neal
     There are 36 industrial hemp growers licensed in the state under the pilot program. They include Kaʻū Hemp, with ten acres and Earth Matters, with three acres, in Kaʻū. Also listed on this island are: Mauna Loa Farms, LLC, with ten acres; Gail Baber, with ten acres; Thomas Pace, with ten acres; Lono Holdings, with three acres; Tropical Sunset Farms, LLC, with one acre; Brittany Neal, with one acre; Aloha Hemp Farm, with 8.3 acres; Lion Farms, LLC, with .2 acres; Martin M. Canning, with 9.5 acres; Asante Gardens, LLC, with less than one acre; Aloha Hemp CBD, LLP, with three acres; Island Hemp, LLC, with ten acres; and Mana Property Development, LLC, with ten acres.
     Phyllis Shimabukuro-Geiser, chair of the Hawaiʻi Board of Agriculture, said, "Through the pilot program, there has been significant interest by existing and potential farmers in growing hemp in Hawaiʻi. The department is examining the new federal regulations and will continue to develop a program to ensure future commercial production of hemp in Hawaiʻi."
      More information can be found on the USDA website or hdoa.hawaii.gov/hemp. The new rules will not have an immediate affect on industrial hemp cultivated under the 2014 Farm Bill programs, including Hawaiʻi's Industrial Hemp Research Pilot Program.

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Women of Mexico City who dance Tahitian in Pāhala. Photo by Julia Neal
LOOKING FOR AGRICULTURAL LAND? HAVE AG LAND TO LEASE? The Kohala Center announced that GoFarm Hawaiʻi is a resource for connecting farmers to land. For those with land to lease, the online form helps to gather information and connect farmers with that land. There is also a new land availability fact sheet, to help farmers identify land they can lease or purchase in every county. The fact sheet is available to view and download online. Visit gofarmhawaii.org for more.

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LEARN ABOUT COVER CROPS, SOIL HEALTH, AND SOIL TESTING from three educational videos recorded during a student field day for The Kohala Center's Beginner Farmer-Rancher Development Program. The videos are available to watch online.

Men from Mexico City who dance Tahitian in Pāhala arrived with
a troupe of some 40 members of Ballet Bali Hai. Photo by Julia Neal
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APPLICATIONS FOR FOODEX IN JAPAN in March of 2020 are open. Hawaiʻi Department of Agriculture is accepting applications from eligible Hawaiʻi companies interested in participating in the Hawaiʻi Pavilion at FOODEX, the largest food and beverage trade show in Asia, scheduled for March 10 to 13, 2020. Applications must be submitted online by Saturday, Nov. 30. For questions, contact Yukashi Smith at 808-973-9627 or yukashi.m.smith@hawaii.gov.

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REGARDING GENOCIDE, "WE CANNOT ALLOW HISTORY TO REPEAT ITSELF," Rep. Tulsi Gabbard told the U.S. Senate last week. She urged the senators to pass House Resolution 296 to commemorate the genocide of Armenian people.
     Said Gabbard, "The history of the United States has been intertwined with that of the Armenian people and the Armenian Genocide. It was American missionaries and diplomats who let the world know that the Ottoman Empire tried to ethnically cleanse itself of its Armenian and Christian populations. It was the United States that became home to many of the survivors of this genocide. Their experience inspired Raphael Lemkin to create the term genocide only to see his Jewish family suffer the same fate at the hands of Nazi Germany.
     "The denial of the Armenian Genocide has had contemporary consequences. I have visited both Armenia and Nagorno Karabakh. I saw a Turkey which denies genocide and has no fear of committing it again. In fact, Turkey has begun an ethnic cleansing of the Syrian Kurds in northern Syria
     "I've long called for our government to officially recognize the Armenian Genocide. The House has spoken with a clear voice, breaking the silence, recognizing the Armenian Genocide and we call on the Senate and President Trump to do the same."
Kumu Hula Shona Lam Ho brought 30 members of her halau to Kaʻū over the weekend. Photo by Julia Neal
     In 2017, she visited Armenia and Nagorno Karabakh as a Member of the House Armed Services Committee and part of a Congressional delegation led by the Congressional Armenian Caucus. During her visit she met with public and community leaders as well as academics to discuss issues of mutual interest to the U.S. and Armenia and opportunities to strengthen ties between the countries.
     During her visit, stated a release from her office, "she witnessed the lasting impact that the Armenian Genocide had on Armenians in the region as well as the diaspora — including in the United States — and observed their resilience in the face of genocide denial and the struggle to maintain independence in Nagorno Karabakh."
     The Hawai'i's State Legislature has passed resolutions reaffirming the Armenian Genocide and recognizing the independence of Nagorno Karabakh. Hawaiʻi is one of 49 states to acknowledge the historical record on the Armenian Genocide.

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HELICOPTER FLIGHTS LIFTING OFF  FROM HAWAIʻI VOLCANOES NATIONAL PARK to work in remote placed in November are planned as followed
     On Tuesday, Nov. 5, from 7:30 a.m. to 9 a.m., a crew will transport camp equipment in ‘Ōla‘a between 3,000- and 4,000-ft. elevation. Gear will be transferred from Kealakomo pullout to Nāulu/Kalapana Trail intersection. From 9 a.m. to 11 a.m., fence material will be put in place along Mauna Loa Road between 5,000- and 6,000-ft. elevation.
Hula from Hoʻomaikaʻi Hula Studio. Photo by Julia Neal
    On Wednesday, Nov. 6, from 8 a.m. to noon, helicopter flights will help with invasive banana poka control on Mauna Loa Road between 5,000- and 6,000-ft. elevation.
     On Thursday, Nov. 7, from 7:30 a.m. to 9 a.m.,  helicopter flights will transport camp equipment in ‘Ōla‘a between 3,000- and 4,000-ft. elevation. From 10 a.m. to 11 a.m., gear will be moved from Nāulu/Kalapana trail head to the Mauna Ulu helicopter spot.
    On Monday, Nov. 25, from 7 a.m. to noon, helicopter flights will assist with petrel monitoring on Mauna Loa, between 8,000- and 9,000-ft. elevation. From 8 a.m. to noon, they will assist with the control of  invasive fountain grass from coastal areas to the southwest boundary below 3,000-ft. elevation.
    On Tuesday, Nov. 26, from 8 a.m. to noon, flights will help control invasive fountain grass in the Great Crack area, below 1,000-ft. elevation. From 6 a.m. to 9 a.m., flights will assist with ungulate surveys and control work in Kahuku between 3,000-ft. and 7,000-ft. elevation.
     The park regrets any noise impact to residents and park visitors. Dates and times are subject to change based on aircraft availability and weather. Management of the park requires the use of aircraft to monitor and research volcanic activity, conduct search-and-rescue missions and law enforcement operations, support management of natural and cultural resources, and to maintain backcountry facilities.

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EVENTS AT VOLCANO ART CENTER & GALLERY in November include a special member-only Christmas preview, hula, and an update on Hawaiʻi's endemic, endangered crow, the ʻAlala:
     On Wednesday, Nov. 6, 5:30 p.m. at VAC Gallery, Hula Voices features Kumu Hula Pele Kaio.
A keiki dancer and singer watches on as Shona Lam Ho's hālau performs. Photo by Julia Neal
     In this month's Zentangle: Bitty BookZ workshop with Lois and Earl Stokes on Saturday, Nov. 9 at 10 a.m., attendees will create tiny books using Zentangle techniques. 
     On Saturday, Nov. 9 at 5:30 p.m.Constant as the Moon will perform live in concert.
     The ʻAlalā Project will give an update on the Hawaiian crow on Thursday, Nov. 14 at 6:30 p.m.
     All levels are welcome in the beginner and intermediate Mixed Media Encaustic workshop with Mary Milelzcik on Saturday, Nov. 16 at 10 a.m.
     This month's Hula Kahiko performance at 10:30 a.m. will be held on Nov. 16. Kumu Haʻamauliola Aiona with haumāna, students, of Ke Kula ʻO Nāwahīokalaniʻōpuʻu Public Charter School. From 11 a.m. to 1 p.m., come see Nā Mea Hula with Wes Awana at VAC Gallery.
     VAC Gallery merrily invites members, new and old, to attend the Member's Appreciation, Christmas in the Country Preview event on Friday, Nov. 22 at 5:30 p.m. Featuring the 20th Annual Invitational Wreath Exhibit that continues through Dec. 31, this year' Christmas in the Country "promises an abundance of art and aloha to kick start your holiday season," stated the announcement. The Wreath Exhibit presents one-of-a-kind wreaths in a variety of imaginative media, techniques, and styles, from the whimsical to the traditional. Enjoy two weekends of special events.
     Take a look into the future and see some of the programs, events, and exhibits lined up for 2020 in the Program Preview Exhibit on Friday and Saturday, Nov. 29 and 30.
     VAC's newest series of programs, Cultural Understanding Through Art & the Environment, features classes on block printing, lauhala weaving, ti leaf lei making, and more. Visit volcanoartcenter.org/events/ for the full lineup.
     The Volcano Art Center is a non-profit educational organization created in 1974 to promote, develop, and perpetuate the artistic and cultural heritage of Hawai‘i's people and environment through activities in the visual, literary, and performing arts. 

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Pāhala and Nāʻālehu Fire Stations were recently visited by Tūtū and Me families, where keiki learned about what 
firefighters do, and got to see some of the equipment used. Photo from Tūtū and Me
TŪTŪ & ME TRAVELING PRESCHOOL families recently participated in a community walk field trip, where they learned about community helpers. Michelle Buck, Hawaiʻi South Partners in Development site manager, said, "Many thanks to the Nāʻālehu Public Library, Pāhala and Nāʻālehu Fire Stations, Punaluʻu Bakery, CU Hawaiʻi Federal Credit Union, Nāʻālehu Ace Hardware, and P.A.R.E.N.T.S. Inc. We learned so much about our beautiful community and had a great day!"
Tūtū and Me families visited CU Hawaiʻi 
Federal Credit Union, where keiki learned 
about money. Photo from Tūtū and Me
     Tūtū & Me, under Partners in Development, aims to help support and educate those five years old and younger, and their caregivers – often grandparents, due to socio-economic conditions or tradition and the value of ‘ohana, family – through an innovative traveling preschool program done in cooperation with churches and community organizations serving the Hawaiian and part-Hawaiian community.
     Teaching teams, educators specializing in early childhood education, travel to communities like Nāʻālehu and Pāhala, where teach a curriculum organized around learning themes and cultural aspects, and values that continue to influence the lives of native Hawaiian children. Ten communities on the Hawaiʻi Island benefit from this instruction.
     This project is funded by the U.S. Department of Education and the Kamehameha Schools, at no cost to caregivers or keiki.
     Contact Buck at (808)929-8571 or see pidfoundation.org for information on the program.

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Print edition of The Kaʻū Calendar is free to 5,500 mailboxes 
throughout Kaʻū, from Miloliʻi through Volcano, and free on 
stands throughout the district. Read online at kaucalendar.com

UPCOMING
MONDAY, NOV. 4
Fall Wreath Activity Registration, Nov. 4-12, Ka‘ū District Gym. Program takes place Wednesday, Nov. 13, 3:30-5p.m., multipurpose room. Grades K-6. 928-3102, hawaiicounty.gov/departments/parks-and-recreation/recreation

Cultural Understanding through Art & the Environment: Dietrich Varez Block Printing with Desiree Moana Cruz, Monday, Nov. 4, 11a.m.-1p.m., Volcano Art Center. No registration required. $10 per person supply fee. 967-8222, volcanoartcenter.org

Ocean View Volunteer Fire Department Mtg., Monday, Nov. 4, 4-6p.m., Ocean View Community Center. 939-7033, ovcahi.org

TUESDAY, NOV. 5
Hawai‘i County Council Mtgs., Tuesday, Nov. 5 (Committees), Wednesday, Nov. 6 (Council), Hilo. Ka‘ū residents can participate via videoconferencing at Nā‘ālehu State Office Building. Agendas at hawaiicounty.gov.

Ka‘ū Homeschool Co–op Group, Tuesdays, Nov. 5, 19, and Dec. 3, 9a.m., Ocean View Community Center. Parent-led homeschool activity and social group, building community in Ka‘ū. Call to confirm location before attending. Laura Roberts, 406-249-3351

Empower Meeting, Tuesdays, Nov. 5 and 19 – every other Tuesday, monthly – 1p.m., PARENTS, Inc. office, Nā‘ālehu. Empowering girls group. Registration required. Diana, 935-4805

Ka‘ū Coffee Growers Mtg., Tuesday, Nov. 5, 6-8p.m., Pāhala Community Center.

WEDNESDAY, NOV. 6
Hula Voices with Kumu Hula Pele Kaio, Wednesday, Nov. 6 – 1st Wednesday, monthly – 5:30-7p.m., Volcano Art Center Gallery. Desiree Moana Cruz moderates the talk story session. Free. No December program. 967-7565, volcanoartcenter.org

THURSDAY, NOV. 7
Women's Expression Group, Thursday, Nov. 7 – 1st Thursday monthly – 3-4:30p.m., PARENTS Inc., Nā‘ālehu. Women welcome to drop in. Free. Lindsey Miller, 333-3460, lindsey@hawaiiparents.org

Ocean View Neighborhood Watch Mtg., Thursday, Nov. 7, 6-7p.m., Ocean View Community Center. 939-7033, ovcahi.org

‘O Ka‘ū Kākou Mtg., Thursday, Nov. 7, 6:30-8:30p.m., Aspen Center. okaukakou.org

FRIDAY, NOV. 8
Hawai‘i Disability Legal Services, Friday, Nov. 8, 9a.m.-noon, Ocean View Community Center. Free disability legal services provided by Hawai‘i Legal Aid. 939-7033, ovcahi.org

Community Dance, Friday, Nov. 8, 7-10p.m., Cooper Center, Volcano Village. Minors allowed with supervision only. No alcohol. Variety of music. Snacks provided; additional pūpū welcome. Free. 967-7800, thecoopercenter.org

SATURDAY, NOV. 9
Pancake Breakfast and Raffle, Saturday, Nov. 9, 8-11a.m., Ocean View Community Center. To volunteer, call 939-7033, ovcahi.org

5th Annual Lā ‘Ohana, Saturday, Nov. 9, 9a.m.-3p.m., Miloli‘i Park. Live local entertainment. Free event for health and Hawaiian culture "celebrating generational knowledge." UH-Hilo Pharmacy health screenings, open enrollment for health insurance with Big Island Kokua Services Partnerships, cultural demonstrations, Hawaiian medicine from Hui Mālama Ola Nā ‘Ōiwi, informational booths from marine conservation organization, arts and crafts from community vendors. Baked goods, drinks, shaved ice, ono grinds, and more. Kaimi Kaupiko, 937-1310, kkaupiko@gmail.com

Nā Mamo o Kāwā ʻOhana Work Day, Saturday, Nov. 9, meet 9:30a.m., Northern Gate, Kāwā. RSVP to James Akau, jakau@nmok.org, 561-9111. Bring a water bottle, lunch, closed toed shoes, long sleeved t-shirt, and pants. Tools, gloves, water, and light refreshments provided. nmok.orgfacebook.com/NMOK.Hawaii

Birth of Kahuku, Saturday, Nov. 9, 9:30-11:30a.m., Kahuku Unit, HVNP. Free, easy-to-moderate hike. nps.gov/havo

Zentangle Introduction to Bitty BookZ with Lois and Earl Stokes, Saturday, Nov. 9, 10a.m.-1p.m., Volcano Art Center. Art supplies provided (returning students encouraged to bring favorite supplies). Open to all levels. No experience required. Potluck, bring food to share. $30/VAC member, $35/non-member, plus $15 supply fee. 967-8222, volcanoartcenter.org

Sounds at the Summit featuring Constant as the Moon, Saturday, Nov. 9, 5:30-7:30p.m., Volcano Art Center. Doors open 5p.m. $20/VAC member, $25/non-member. Purchase tickets online, VAC Admin Office or VAC Gallery. Wine, beer, soft drinks, and snacks available for purchase. 967-8222, volcanoartcenter.org

Soul Town Band, Saturday, Nov. 9, 7-10p.m., Kīlauea Military Camp's Lava Lounge, in HVNP. $5 cover charge. Open to authorized patrons and sponsored guests. Park entrance fees apply. kilaueamilitarycamp.com

SUNDAY, NOV. 10
Pu‘u Lokuana, Sunday, Nov. 10, 9:30-11a.m., Kahuku Unit, HVNP. Free, short, moderately difficult, 0.4 mile hike. nps.gov/havo

Medicine for the Mind: Teachings in the Tibetan Buddhist Tradition, Sunday, Nov. 10 – 2nd Sunday, monthly – 3-5p.m., Volcano Art Center. Free; calabash donations welcome. Dress warmly. Patty Johnson, 345-1527, volcanoartcenter.org

ONGOING
Paper Bag Pumpkin Activity Registration, through Tuesday, Nov. 5, Ka‘ū District Gym. Program takes place Wednesday, Nov. 6, 3:30-5p.m., multipurpose room. Grades K-6. 928-3102, hawaiicounty.gov/departments/parks-and-recreation/recreation

Read To Me Activity Registration, through Wednesday, Nov. 6, Ka‘ū District Gym. Program takes place Thursdays, Nov. 7-213:30-5p.m., multipurpose room. Grades K-6. 928-3102, hawaiicounty.gov/departments/parks-and-recreation/recreation

West Hawai‘i Master Gardeners Program Accepting Applications through Friday, Nov. 15cms.ctahr.hawaii.edu/whmgprogram/HOME/West-Hawaii. Classes take place Jan. 14 - April 17, 2020, every Tuesday, 9a.m.-noon. $200/person.

P&R Track & Field Practice Registration, through Wednesday, Nov. 20Kahuku Park. Ages 6-14. Athletic shoes required. Program takes place Dec. 2 - Feb. 8, day and time TBA. 929-9113, hawaiicounty.gov/departments/parks-and-recreation/recreation

Vendor Booth Space is Available for the Kamahalo Craft Fair. The 12th annual event will be held Thanksgiving weekend, Friday, Nov. 299 a.m. to 4 p.m., and Saturday, Nov. 30, 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. at Cooper Center. Booths are open for crafters with quality homemade and homegrown products. Food vendors must prepare all food items in a certified kitchen and must have a Department of Health permit displayed prominently at their booth. Application online at thecoopercenter.org. Direct questions to 936-9705 or kilaueatutu@gmail.com.

Tūtū & Me Home Visiting Program is a free service to Pāhala families with keiki, birth to five years old. This caregiver support program offers those taking care of young keiki "a compassionate listening ear, helpful parenting tips and strategies, fun and exciting activities, and wonderful educational resources" from Tūtū & Me Traveling Preschool. Home visits are one hour in length, two to four times per month, for 12 to 15 visits. Snacks are provided. See pidfoundation.org or call Tata Compehos and Melody Espejo at 808-938-1088.

King Cab 2016 Nissan Frontier for Sale by Holy Rosary Church of Pāhala and the Sacred Heart Church of Nāʻālehu. The parishes are selling the truck to raise funds to benefit both churches. The truck is a great 6 cylinder, 2WD automobile. The churches are asking for $21K or best offer. Only cash or cashier's check will be accepted. Anyone interested should contact the parish secretary Tuesday through Friday from 8:30 a.m. - 12:30 p.m. at 928-8208.

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Ka‘ū News Briefs, Saturday, November 2, 2019

Halau hula from Mexico to Japan come forward for a blessing before the beginning of Hoʻokopu Hula No
Kaʻū today in Pāhala. Photo by Julia Neal
THE TENTH ANNUAL HOʻOKUPU HULA CULTURAL CELEBRATION drew waves of people throughout Saturday on the grounds of Pāhala Community Center. The festival was a day of learning  about Hawaiian agricultural and aquaculture practices, building traditional Hawaiian houses and instruments, and witnessing music, hula and dances from as far away as Tahiti, Mexico, and Japan.
Hoʻokopu Hula No Kaʻū founder Debbie Ryder and Mayor Harry Kim 
today at the festival. Photo by Julia Neal
     Among those who attended were Mayor Harry Kim and Kaʻū-Keaʻau-Pāhoa District School Superintendent Keoni Farias. Both said they were inspired by the Hawaiian culture presented at the festival.
     The theme was appreciation of cultures worldwide, and the welcoming of those from afar who study Polynesian music and dance. A Tahitian group from Mexico City and Hawaiian dancers from Japan were among those who graced the stage. Kumu Debbie Ryder and her husband Kawehi founded the festival on Lanaʻi, and established a cultural exchange with Hawaiian dancers and musicians from Kaʻū who traveled there. After five years the festival moved from Lanaʻi to the grounds of Pāhala Plantation House, which it quickly outgrew, and on to Pāhala Community Center. The Ryders now live and work in Kaʻū with the schools and community, teaching Hawaiian dance, music, agriculture, and other cultural practices. See photos below and more in Sunday's Kaʻū News Briefs.
   
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Making poi at Hoʻokopu No Kaʻū Cultural Festival
Photo by Julia Neal
MICROSCOPIC INVASIVE SPECIES, ARRIVING TO HAWAIʻI IN POTTED ORCHIDS, is the subject of legislation that passed the U.S. Senate this week. Senators Mazie Hirono and Marco Rubio (R-FL)  authored the measure that requires the U.S. Department of Agriculture to submit a report on the economic and environmental impacts of importing orchids in "growing media." 
     The provision would require collection of data from orchid growers on a state-by-state basis to include incidences of pest detection. It also mandates an analysis of additional resources needed to prevent and mitigate introduction of pests when importing potted orchids.
     In 2014, the USDA Animal Plant Health Inspection Service began the rulemaking process to allow the importation of orchid plants from Taiwan and Korea. In response to Hawaiʻi orchid growers' concerns, Hirono led the Hawaiʻi delegation in sending comment letters to APHIS, expressing concern with the proposed rules in 2015 and 2017. USDA APHIS moved forward with publishing final rules to allow importation of orchids in growing media.  
A collection of stone poi pounders used to make poi.
Photo by Julia Neal
   Said Hirono, "Unfortunately, when it approved the importation of foreign orchids the USDA ignored the warnings raised by our orchid growers about the threat of invasive species that could be imported as well. That is why we need to quantify the impacts and identify the resources necessary to protect Hawaiʻi's orchid industry. This provision is part of a broader appropriations package that includes numerous important priorities for Hawaiʻi and I will continue to fight to secure these provisions as the legislation goes to conference with the House."

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HAWAIʻI PRIORITIES in the U.S. Senate's fiscal year 2020 appropriations bills were approved on an 84-9 vote this week. The bipartisan appropriations package includes annual funding for the federal Departments of Commerce, Justice, Interior, Agriculture, Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, the Environmental Protection Agency, Food and Drug Administration, and several others. The bill now moves to a conference committee to reconcile differences with the House-passed appropriations bills.
     Sen. Mazie Hirono said she successfully fought for many Hawaiʻi priorities "the Trump Administration sought to eliminate" or "block," in the FY2020 budget. They are:
     A report on Micronesia and Hawaiʻi to update federal agencies' implementation of a Regional Biosecurity Plan.
Noa of Kamehameha Schools learns about native
seaweed, limu, from expert Wally Ito.
Photo by Julia Neal
     Language highlighting the importance of Tropical and Subtropical crop research at USDA. This language highlights the importance of research by the Agricultural Research Service in combating invasive pests that threaten crop security in the Pacific and Insular Areas.
     Funding to support the USDA Geographically Disadvantaged Farmers and Ranchers Program. The bill provides $2 million in support of the program, which reimburses producers in Hawaiʻi, Alaska, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and insular areas for transportation costs.
     Funding to acquire land for the Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail. The bill provides $6 million for the National Park Service to acquire land to add to the Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail on Hawaiʻi Island.
     Kīlauea eruption; Language directs USGS to keep the local community informed as plans evolve for replacing facilities.
     Funding to replace U.S. Geological Survey facilities on Hawaiʻi Island that were damaged during the 2018 eruption and earthquakes.
     Funding to replace lost days at sea due to the sudden decommissioning of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Hiʻialakai research ship. The bill provides $7 million to replace lost days at sea for research throughout the Hawaiian Islands.
     Language rejecting proposed staffing cuts at the National Weather Service and the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center. This language rejects the Trump Administration's proposal to cut staff at NWS and to merge the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center with the National Tsunami Warning Center in Alaska.
Pam Lota Fujii helps to educate the public about local seaweed and the limu's
nutritional and cultural value. She said she hopes to come back
to Kaʻū to help with a workshop. Photo by Julia Neal
     Micro-Grants for Food Security Program, $2 million. Hirono helped to create this program in the 2018 Farm Bill. Funds will be directed to nonprofit organizations in Hawaiʻi, Alaska, and outlying areas to increase the quality and quantity of locally grown food in food insecure communities through small-scale gardening, herding, and livestock operations.
     Department of Transportation's Essential Air Service Program -  $162 million. EASP ensures minimum standards for and provides subsidized air service to rural communities across the country including Waimea and Hana.
     U.S. Interagency Council on Homelessness, an independent agency tasked with coordinating federal efforts to address homelessness, $3.7 million.
     National Sea Grant College Program at $75 million, a $7 million increase over 2019. NOAA's Sea Grant program funds research, education, extension, and outreach activities that benefits coastal communities in Hawaiʻi and throughout the nation.
     Funding for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Space Grant Program at $47 million, a $3 million increase over 2019. The Space Grant program supports scholarships, fellowships, and internships in higher education, research infrastructure, precollege, and informal education through its 52 Space Grant consortia, including the Hawaiʻi Space Grant Consortium at the University of Hawaiʻi Mānoa, and supports flight project activities led by student teams.
Na Mamo O Kaʻū ,with James Akau preparing
kukui nuts and sea salt. Photo by Julia Neal
     Compact Impact Discretionary Grants, $4.5 million. These grants provide additional financial support to affected jurisdictions to compensate for unreimbursed costs, particularly health care related costs, associated with providing services to Freely Associated States citizens.
     Community Development Block Grants, $3.6 billion. "One of the federal government's most effective means to revitalize low and moderate income communities across the country," stated Hirono, CDBG funds support home ownership, housing rehabilitation, public improvements, and economic development projects throughout the nation.
     HOME Investment Partnership Program, $1.25 billion. The program is a block grant to state and local government designed to produce affordable housing for low-income families.
     Self-Help and Assisted Homeownership Opportunity Program, $54 million. The program helps low-income homebuyers contribute to the construction of their own homes, helps local organizations develop affordable housing and community development projects, and provides grants to nonprofit organizations to rehabilitate or make improvements to the residences of low-income and disabled veterans.

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A MEASURE TO SUPPORT URBAN AGRICULTURE was introduced by Sen. Mazie Hirono to the U.S. Senate this week. The measure would provide $5 million in funding to support activities such as indoor and vertical farms, community gardens, and urban farms.

Handbade Polynesian drums by the master, Ika Vea. Photo by Julia Neal
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EARLY ENDORSEMENTS FOR KAI KAHELE'S RUN TO REPRESENT KAʻŪ and all of Hawaiʻi's second congressional district have come in from community leaders from across the state of Hawaiʻi.
     Among them are: West Kaʻū and Kona state Sen. Dru Kanuha, and state senators Stanley Chang, Kurt Fevella, Jarrett Keohokalole, Clarence Nishihara, Gil Riviere, and Maile Shimabukuro. State representatives supporting Kahele include Stacelynn Eli, Cedric Gates, Joy San Buenaventura, Chris Todd, and Tina Wildberger.
     Hawaiʻi County Councilmember Sue Lee Loy, Honolulu City Council Chairman Ikaika Anderson, and former Vermont governor and Democratic National Committee Chairman Howard Dean also endorse Kahele.
     Other community leaders endorsing Kahele are: Chief Master Sergeant Robert Lee (Ret.), Hawaiʻi National Guard; Hon. Steven Levinson (Ret.), Hawaiʻi Supreme Court Justice; Dr. Amy Agbayani, Civil Rights Activist; Dr. Patricia Nekoba, Educator; Toni Lee and Debbie Nakanelua-Richards, Native Hawaiian Community Leaders; and Sivan Leoni and Rick Tune, former University of Hawaiʻi Men's Volleyball Teammates.
     These leaders join former Hawaiʻi governors John Waiheʻe, Ben Cayetano, and Neil Abercrombie, who serve as honorary co-chairs of the Kahele for Congress Campaign Committee.
Lei from the kumu of Hoʻomakaʻi. Photo by Julia Neal
     Said Kahele, "October turned into a banner month for our campaign. I am grateful and humbled to receive the strong support of these key community leaders. They come from every corner of the state and span the entire political spectrum. While they may not agree on every issue, I am proud that they stand united in their support of our grassroots movement and my bid for Congress. Their ongoing commitment to their communities lend to the good work we can do together to move Hawaiʻi forward. Thank you all for your endorsements as well as your faith and confidence that I will serve as a true voice for every resident of the second congressional district as their representative in Congress." 
     The Kahele for Congress Campaign Committee announced that it has raised $105,310 in online donations from over 5,000 donors, with an average contribution of $20.86 during the month of October. Kahele's campaign has raised over half a million dollars since Jan. 21.
     Kahele serves as Majority Floor Leader and Chairman of the Committee on Water and Land in the Hawaiʻi State Senate where he represents his hometown of Hilo. He is an 18-year combat veteran aviator who was recently promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in the Hawaiʻi Air National Guard.
     The second Congressional District encompasses Kaʻū, along with the entirety of Hawaiʻi Island, Maui, Kahoʻolawe, Molokaʻi, Lānaʻi, Kaua'i, Niʻihau, and the rural parts of Oʻahu, including Waimānalo, Kailua, Kāneʻohe, the North Shore, and the Leeward coast.

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Two HVO geologists document road cutting activities on HWY 132 on Aug. 7. One geologist is taking visual
photographs while another geologist is taking thermal photographs to make a tandem pair for comparison.
The temperature of the solidified lava was measured to 425° C (800° F) at the digging site.
USGS/geologist K. Mulliken photo
LEARN WHY THE 2018 LAVA IS STILL SO HOT in this week's Volcano Watch, written by U.S. Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory geologist Carolyn Parcheta:
     As roads are recut into Kīlauea's 2018 lava flow field, many have been surprised at how hot the lava remains under the surface, even though it is solidified. Why is it still so hot? The short and simple answer is that lava insulates itself very well.  
     Since last writing about this topic in a February 28, 2019, Volcano Watch article, we now have more accurate calculations of lava thickness, cooling times, and the relative proportions of the internal molten core to the exterior solid crust for Kīlauea's 2018 lava flow field.
     Previous work by HVO scientists published in 1994 measured the cooling rate of pāhoehoe lava at Kalapana. They found that the upper crust of a basalt lava flow grows thicker as a function of the square root of time. In other words, the lava flow crust grows more slowly with time. Therefore, thicker lava flows will take longer to become completely solid.
     Lava erupts from Kīlauea at a temperature of 1150° C (2100° F). In 1917, Thomas Jaggar published results from the then-active Halema‘uma‘u lava lake that indicated basalt can remain molten at temperatures as low as 750–850° C (1380–1560° F). For the calculations here, crust is considered solid when it is below 850° C (1560° F) and crust is viscoelastic (semi-solid or malleable) at 850–1070° C (1560–1950° F). 
Why are roads still hot, more than a year after the flow crossed the roads? Photo by Julia Neal
   Additional insight comes from previous HVO studies of active lava lakes in Kīlauea Iki, Makaopuhi, and ‘Alae craters. By drilling into the cooled upper crusts of lava lakes within these craters, scientists documented that solidification takes decades – specifically the 44-m (140 ft)-thick 1959 Kīlauea Iki lava lake took about 35 years to fully solidify. Today, its core is still hotter than 540° C (1,000° F).
     Therefore, although the top surface of Kīlauea's 2018 lava flows are already solid and cool to the touch, just beneath the surface is still very hot. 
     Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) mapping in 2018 helped HVO create a lava flow thickness map. This map indicates that, at the intersection known as Four Corners, there is approximately 15 m (50 ft) of lava. Using this value and the equations from the 1994 study of the Kalapana lava flows, we can calculate how much of the 2018 flows have solidified.
     Over the 14 months since the end of the eruption last year, the upper 7.8 m (24 ft) and lower 5.5 m (18 ft) at Four Corners should already be solidified crust, and the middle 1.7 m (5.5 ft ) should still be malleable.  
     It will take about 3 more years for the remaining 1.7 m (5.5 ft ) of malleable lava over the Four Corners intersection to reach 850° C (1560° F) and be completely solid.  
     When construction of new roads in the area expose hot temperatures just below the surface, the lava cooling profile is effectively reset. The newly-exposed surface will quickly lose heat, as if it were the original cooling surface.  
     This matches recent observations by road-construction crews, who noticed hot rocks being exposed at a road cut along HWY 132. HVO geologists confirmed this in August, when temperatures of 425° C (800° F) were measured at the newly-cut road site.  Hot temperatures will remain several feet below the surface for now and will likely generate steam when there is rain.  
     Lava retains heat so well that thick flows take years to decades to completely solidify, and even longer to cool off.  The UAS lava-flow thickness map indicates that over Kapoho Bay, the flow is over 50 m (160 ft) thick. The maximum thickness of 250 m (820 ft) is located east of the bay in an area that was formerly offshore. At both locations, the solid crusts will be the same thickness as at Four Corners, but the viscoelastic layer will be 4.7 m (15 ft).  A thick molten inner core should exist within the ‘a‘ā flow delta and have a thickness of 32 m (105 ft) in the bay and an astonishing 232 m (761 ft) at the eastern area of maximum thickness.
     Although Kīlauea's 2018 eruption ended 14 months ago, it will be years before the lava flows emplaced on land are entirely solidified below 850° C (1560° F), and over a century before the 250-m (820 ft)-thick area offshore fully solidifies.
     Volcano Activity Updates
     Kīlauea Volcano is not erupting and its USGS Volcano Alert level remains at NORMALKīlauea monitoring data have shown no significant changes in volcanic activity during September. Rates of earthquake activity or seismicity across the volcano remain largely steady with three periods of increased microseismic activity each lasting a couple of days. Sulfur dioxide emission rates are low at the summit and are below detection limits at Puʻu ʻŌʻō and the lower East Rift Zone. The pond at the bottom of Halema‘uma‘u, which began forming on July 25, 2019, continues to slowly expand and deepen.
Make a glass Christmas tree ornament at Volcano Art
Center this Sunday. Photo from VAC
     Visit volcanoes.usgs.gov/hvo for past Volcano Watch articles, Kīlauea and Mauna Loa updates, volcano photos, maps, recent earthquake info, and more. Call 808-967-8862 for weekly Kīlauea updates. Email questions to askHVO@usgs.gov.

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FUSED GLASS BASIC: ORNAMENTS CLASS with Claudia McCall will be held Sunday, Nov. 3 from 11 a.m. to 3 p.m. at Volcano Art Center Niʻaulani Campus in Volcano Village. This one-day kilnforming workshop will introduce participants to basic techniques of glass fusing. Glass artist McCall will share her expertise and knowledge, teaching students the skills involved in working safely with fused glass, and creating a beautiful, sturdy piece of art. "'Tis the season to create your own Christmas tree glass ornament!" states the announcement.
     Kilnforming is the process of shaping glass in a kiln with heat and gravity. When the glass is heated in a kiln, its consistency takes a liquid form. Once gravity takes hold of the molten glass, the glass fills the space in which it is contained and fuses with other pieces of compatible glass. Participants will create their own Christmas tree-shaped ornament using pre-cut molds by provided by McCall. As the kiln will need to cool for a couple of hours after running the project, a break will be held for lunch. Participants are welcome to bring their own lunch for a picnic at Niʻaulani or break elsewhere.
     The class fee is $30, $25 for VAC members, plus a $20 fee, inclusive of all supplies. All levels are welcome to enroll. Advance registration required; workshop limited to six adults.
     "Claudia McCall started working in stained glass in 2006, when a friend gifted her with a piece. She loved the way the sunlight played through the different types of glass, and wanted to explore the possibilities of interpreting the natural world, and interest spurred by her mother's love of art and her grandmother's love of birding," stated the announcement. "Her goal is to interpret Hawaiʻi's unique environment through the stylized lens of stained glass."

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Print edition of The Kaʻū Calendar is free to 5,500 mailboxes 
throughout Kaʻū, from Miloliʻi through Volcano, and free on 
stands throughout the district. Read online at kaucalendar.com
See monthly and weekly Kaʻū and Volcano Events, Meetings, Entertainment, Exercise, and Meditation at kaucalendar.com.

UPCOMING
SUNDAY, NOV. 3
Palm Trail, Sunday, Nov. 3, 9:30-12:30p.m., Kahuku Unit, HVNP. Free, moderately difficult hike - 2.6 mile loop. nps.gov/havo

Fused Glass Basics: Ornaments Workshop with Claudia McCall, Sunday, Nov. 3, 11a.m.-3p.m., Volcano Art Center. One day kilnforming workshop introducing basic techniques of glass fusing. $25/VAC member, $30/non-member, plus $20 fee, includes supplies. 967-8222, volcanoartcenter.org

Ham Radio Potluck Picnic, Sunday, Nov. 3 – 1st Sunday, monthly – noon-2p.m., Manukā State Park. Anyone interested in learning about ham radio is welcome to attend. View sites.google.com/site/southpointarc or sites.google.com/viewith southhawaiiares/home. Rick Ward, 938-3058

MONDAY, NOV. 4
Fall Wreath Activity Registration, Nov. 4-12, Ka‘ū District Gym. Program takes place Wednesday, Nov. 13, 3:30-5p.m., multipurpose room. Grades K-6. 928-3102, hawaiicounty.gov/departments/parks-and-recreation/recreation

Cultural Understanding through Art & the Environment: Dietrich Varez Block Printing with Desiree Moana Cruz, Monday, Nov. 4, 11a.m.-1p.m., Volcano Art Center. No registration required. $10 per person supply fee. 967-8222, volcanoartcenter.org

Ocean View Volunteer Fire Department Mtg., Monday, Nov. 4, 4-6p.m., Ocean View Community Center. 939-7033, ovcahi.org

TUESDAY, NOV. 5
Hawai‘i County Council Mtgs., Tuesday, Nov. 5 (Committees), Wednesday, Nov. 6 (Council), Hilo. Ka‘ū residents can participate via videoconferencing at Nā‘ālehu State Office Building. Agendas at hawaiicounty.gov.

Ka‘ū Homeschool Co–op Group, Tuesdays, Nov. 5, 19, and Dec. 3, 9a.m., Ocean View Community Center. Parent-led homeschool activity and social group, building community in Ka‘ū. Call to confirm location before attending. Laura Roberts, 406-249-3351

Empower Meeting, Tuesdays, Nov. 5 and 19 – every other Tuesday, monthly – 1p.m., PARENTS, Inc. office, Nā‘ālehu. Empowering girls group. Registration required. Diana, 935-4805

Ka‘ū Coffee Growers Mtg., Tuesday, Nov. 5, 6-8p.m., Pāhala Community Center.

WEDNESDAY, NOV. 6
Hula Voices with Kumu Hula Pele Kaio, Wednesday, Nov. 6 – 1st Wednesday, monthly – 5:30-7p.m., Volcano Art Center Gallery. Desiree Moana Cruz moderates the talk story session. Free. No December program. 967-7565, volcanoartcenter.org

THURSDAY, NOV. 7
Women's Expression Group, Thursday, Nov. 7 – 1st Thursday monthly – 3-4:30p.m., PARENTS Inc., Nā‘ālehu. Women welcome to drop in. Free. Lindsey Miller, 333-3460, lindsey@hawaiiparents.org

Ocean View Neighborhood Watch Mtg., Thursday, Nov. 7, 6-7p.m., Ocean View Community Center. 939-7033, ovcahi.org

‘O Ka‘ū Kākou Mtg., Thursday, Nov. 7, 6:30-8:30p.m., Aspen Center. okaukakou.org

FRIDAY, NOV. 8
Hawai‘i Disability Legal Services, Friday, Nov. 8, 9a.m.-noon, Ocean View Community Center. Free disability legal services provided by Hawai‘i Legal Aid. 939-7033, ovcahi.org

Community Dance, Friday, Nov. 8, 7-10p.m., Cooper Center, Volcano Village. Minors allowed with supervision only. No alcohol. Variety of music. Snacks provided; additional pūpū welcome. Free. 967-7800, thecoopercenter.org

SATURDAY, NOV. 9
Pancake Breakfast and Raffle, Saturday, Nov. 9, 8-11a.m., Ocean View Community Center. To volunteer, call 939-7033, ovcahi.org

5th Annual Lā ‘Ohana, Saturday, Nov. 9, 9a.m.-3p.m., Miloli‘i Park. Live local entertainment. Free event for health and Hawaiian culture "celebrating generational knowledge." UH-Hilo Pharmacy health screenings, open enrollment for health insurance with Big Island Kokua Services Partnerships, cultural demonstrations, Hawaiian medicine from Hui Mālama Ola Nā ‘Ōiwi, informational booths from marine conservation organization, arts and crafts from community vendors. Baked goods, drinks, shaved ice, ono grinds, and more. Kaimi Kaupiko, 937-1310, kkaupiko@gmail.com

Nā Mamo o Kāwā ʻOhana Work Day, Saturday, Nov. 9, meet 9:30a.m., Northern Gate, Kāwā. RSVP to James Akau, jakau@nmok.org, 561-9111. Bring a water bottle, lunch, closed toed shoes, long sleeved t-shirt, and pants. Tools, gloves, water, and light refreshments provided. nmok.orgfacebook.com/NMOK.Hawaii

Birth of Kahuku, Saturday, Nov. 9, 9:30-11:30a.m., Kahuku Unit, HVNP. Free, easy-to-moderate hike. nps.gov/havo

Zentangle Introduction to Bitty BookZ with Lois and Earl Stokes, Saturday, Nov. 9, 10a.m.-1p.m., Volcano Art Center. Art supplies provided (returning students encouraged to bring favorite supplies). Open to all levels. No experience required. Potluck, bring food to share. $30/VAC member, $35/non-member, plus $15 supply fee. 967-8222, volcanoartcenter.org

Sounds at the Summit featuring Constant as the Moon, Saturday, Nov. 9, 5:30-7:30p.m., Volcano Art Center. Doors open 5p.m. $20/VAC member, $25/non-member. Purchase tickets online, VAC Admin Office or VAC Gallery. Wine, beer, soft drinks, and snacks available for purchase. 967-8222, volcanoartcenter.org

Soul Town Band, Saturday, Nov. 9, 7-10p.m., Kīlauea Military Camp's Lava Lounge, in HVNP. $5 cover charge. Open to authorized patrons and sponsored guests. Park entrance fees apply. kilaueamilitarycamp.com

ONGOING
Tiny Treasure Invitational Exhibit at Volcano Art Center gallery in Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park runs through tomorrow, Sunday, Nov. 3. Open to the public, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. daily. Free; Park entrance fees apply. The exhibition also celebrates VAC's 45th anniversary, Oct. 21.
     Artists include Daniel Rokovitz, Stone O'Daugherty, Kristin Mitsu Shiga, Pat Pearlman, and Amy Flanders, Karen and Mark Stebbins. Also on display, small works from the annual Volcano Art Collaboration from June, featuring Rose Adare, Nash Adams-Pruitt, Lisa Louise Adams, Ed Clapp, Amy Flanders, Bill Hamilton, Liz Miller, Joe Laceby, and Erik Wold. volcanoartcenter.org

Paper Bag Pumpkin Activity Registration, through Tuesday, Nov. 5, Ka‘ū District Gym. Program takes place Wednesday, Nov. 6, 3:30-5p.m., multipurpose room. Grades K-6. 928-3102, hawaiicounty.gov/departments/parks-and-recreation/recreation

Read To Me Activity Registration, through Wednesday, Nov. 6, Ka‘ū District Gym. Program takes place Thursdays, Nov. 7-213:30-5p.m., multipurpose room. Grades K-6. 928-3102, hawaiicounty.gov/departments/parks-and-recreation/recreation

West Hawai‘i Master Gardeners Program Accepting Applications through Friday, Nov. 15cms.ctahr.hawaii.edu/whmgprogram/HOME/West-Hawaii. Classes take place Jan. 14 - April 17, 2020, every Tuesday, 9a.m.-noon. $200/person.

P&R Track & Field Practice Registration, through Wednesday, Nov. 20Kahuku Park. Ages 6-14. Athletic shoes required. Program takes place Dec. 2 - Feb. 8, day and time TBA. 929-9113, hawaiicounty.gov/departments/parks-and-recreation/recreation

Vendor Booth Space is Available for the Kamahalo Craft Fair. The 12th annual event will be held Thanksgiving weekend, Friday, Nov. 299 a.m. to 4 p.m., and Saturday, Nov. 30, 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. at Cooper Center. Booths are open for crafters with quality homemade and homegrown products. Food vendors must prepare all food items in a certified kitchen and must have a Department of Health permit displayed prominently at their booth. Application online at thecoopercenter.org. Direct questions to 936-9705 or kilaueatutu@gmail.com.

Tūtū & Me Home Visiting Program is a free service to Pāhala families with keiki, birth to five years old. This caregiver support program offers those taking care of young keiki "a compassionate listening ear, helpful parenting tips and strategies, fun and exciting activities, and wonderful educational resources" from Tūtū & Me Traveling Preschool. Home visits are one hour in length, two to four times per month, for 12 to 15 visits. Snacks are provided. See pidfoundation.org or call Tata Compehos and Melody Espejo at 808-938-1088.

King Cab 2016 Nissan Frontier for Sale by Holy Rosary Church of Pāhala and the Sacred Heart Church of Nāʻālehu. The parishes are selling the truck to raise funds to benefit both churches. The truck is a great 6 cylinder, 2WD automobile. The churches are asking for $21K or best offer. Only cash or cashier's check will be accepted. Anyone interested should contact the parish secretary Tuesday through Friday from 8:30 a.m. - 12:30 p.m. at 928-8208.

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