About The Kaʻū Calendar

Ka`u, Hawai`i, United States
A locally owned and run community newspaper (www.kaucalendar.com) distributed in print to all Ka`u District residents of Ocean View, Na`alehu, Pahala, Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park, Volcano Village and Miloli`i on the Big Island of Hawai`i. This blog is where you can catch up on what's happening daily with our news briefs. This blog is provided by The Ka`u Calendar Newspaper (kaucalendar.com), Pahala Plantation Cottages (pahalaplantationcottages.com), Local Productions, Inc. and the Edmund C. Olson Trust.

Thursday, October 20, 2016

Ka`u Calendar News Briefs Thursday, Oct. 20, 2016

Hawai`i Board of Agriculture approved a permanent quarantine of `ohi`a on Hawai`i Island to prevent
the spread of rapid `ohi`a death to other islands. See more below. Photo from UH-CTAHR
HAWAI`I COUNTY’S CHILDREN HAVE THE HIGHEST PREVALENCE OF TOOTH DECAY in the United States, according to the state Department of Health. Also, the burden of oral disease is significantly greater in certain segments of the population. For example, tooth decay is disproportionately experienced statewide by low-income children, defined as those who are eligible for the National School Lunch Program. About 31 percent of children eligible for NSLP have untreated tooth decay compared to 13 percent for those not eligible. The disparities gap is even more pronounced when looking at urgent dental needs due to pain and/or infection. The need for urgent dental care is more than five times higher in low-income children compared to their higher-income peers (13 percent vs. two percent respectively).
Hawai`i County's children have the highest prevalence of tooth decay
in the state, as well as in the nation. Graph from Hawai`i DOH
      In its report Hawai`i Smiles, DOH takes its first in-depth look at the oral health status of a representative sample of third-grade children throughout the state. During the 2014-2015 school year, a total of 3,184 third-grade children in 67 public elementary schools on six islands received dental screenings. Third-grade children were screened because third grade is the target elementary school population for the National Oral Health Surveillance System. The findings support the need for culturally appropriate, community-based prevention programs, screening and referral services, and restorative dental care to improve the oral health of Hawai`i’s children
      According to the report, more than seven out of 10 third-graders (71 percent) statewide are affected by tooth decay; substantially higher than the national average of 52 percent. Almost one out of four third-graders (22 percent) in Hawai`i has untreated tooth decay, demonstrating that many children are not getting the dental care they need. About seven percent of Hawai`i’s third-grade children are in need of urgent dental care because of pain or infection. If applied to all children in kindergarten to sixth grade, more than 6,600 children in Hawai`i’s public elementary schools experience pain or infection due to dental disease on any given day. More than 60 percent of children in Hawai`i do not have protective dental sealants, a safe, simple, cost-effective clinical intervention to prevent tooth decay in molars.
      There are significant oral health disparities by income, as well as by race/ethnicity, among third-graders in Hawai`i. Third-graders living in Kaua`i, Hawai`i, and Maui Counties are more likely to have experienced tooth decay than children living in Honolulu County.
Hawai`i DOH offers advise on preventing tooth decay.
Photo from Hawai`i DOH
      DOH urges preventing tooth decay. Medical, dental and public health professionals must focus dental disease prevention efforts on families with children less than two years of age, because two is too late. The American Dental Association, the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry and the American Association of Pediatricians all recommend preventive dental care and parent education by age one.
      Evidence-based strategies for preventing tooth decay in children include applying a fluoride varnish twice a year to the teeth of all infants and children starting when the first tooth comes into the mouth at about six months of age. Fluoride varnish can be applied at medical and dental clinics and in community settings such as preschools and WIC programs.
      Parents should brush children’s teeth with fluoride toothpaste twice a day as soon as teeth appear in the mouth.
      Community water fluoridation has been shown to prevent tooth decay in both children and adults.
      Daily fluoride supplementation starting at six months of age is recommended for children whose water supply does not contain fluoride. Limiting food and beverages with added sugars will prevent dental decay and other health issues.
      All children should be referred to a dentist as early as six months of age to establish a dental home. Following that initial visit, most children should have a dental examination at least once a year; some high risk children may need more frequent examinations.
      Dental sealants are placed to protect the chewing surface of the permanent molars soon after they come into the mouth around six and 12 years of age.
      According to DOH, decreasing dental disease among a child’s caregivers benefits the oral health of the child. It also suggests that early education regarding infant oral health can be shared with pregnant mothers and caregivers through routine oral health care.
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Rapid `ohi`a death continues to ravage Hawai`i Island's
native forests. Photo from Hawai`i DLNR
A PERMANENT QUARANTINE OF `OHI`A ON HAWAI`I ISLAND will go into effect if approved by the lieutenant governor. Ivy Ashe reported in Hawai`i Tribune-Herald that the state Board of Agriculture approved the measure on Tuesday.
      With rapid `ohi`a death ravaging the island’s native forests, an emergency quarantine went into effect last August to prevent its spread.
      “We’ve had good leadership at the DOA,” J.B. Friday, of University of Hawai`i College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, told Ashe. “They said ‘No, we’re going to do this.’ It (rapid `ohi`a death) was pretty fast-moving, but there was a window to do something about it.”
      While not banning all shipments of `ohi`a, the quarantine required testing shipments for Ceratocystis fimbriata, the fungus that causes the disease.
      The permanent quarantine requires any product being transported to be tested and properly permitted.
      See hawaiitribune-herald.com.
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HAWAI`I ELECTRIC LIGHT CO. IS OFFERING an optional time-of-use rate program that will charge customers less for power used during the day – when solar energy production is highest – and more at night.
      Developed under the direction of the Hawai`i Public Utilities Commission, these rates encourage customers to use electricity when solar power is abundant and enable cost-effective integration of renewable energy.
      This program will provide customers with an opportunity to save money if they shift their energy use to daytime hours. For example, customers who do laundry, cook or heat water during the day may be able to save. Customers who charge electric vehicles or energy storage systems in the day may also benefit. The amount of any savings will depend on how much a customer changes their usage. As a result, this program may not fit the needs of all customers.
      As directed by the PUC, this program will run for two years and is only for residential customers. Participation will be voluntary and limited to the first 5,000 Hawaiian Electric Co. customers throughout the state who enroll.
Rep. Tulsi Gabbard sends a staff member
to Ka`u tomorrow.
      Participating customers will receive information on their bills that compares their costs under this program and the normal residential rate for electricity. Customers may opt out of the program at any time if they feel it isn’t the right fit for them.
      On Hawai`i Island, the current all-day residential rate is 29.7 cents per kilowatt-hour. With time-of-use, the rate would be 9.7 cents/kwh from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., 49.2 cents/kwh from 5 p.m. to 10 p.m. and 34.3 cents/kwh from 10 p.m. to 9 a.m.
      To enroll or for more information, call Hawai`i Electric Light Co. at 969-6999 in Hilo or 329-3584 in Kona.
      To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter.

KA`U RESIDENTS ARE INVITED TO MEET with a staff member from U.S. Rep. Tulsi Gabbard’s office tomorrow from 10 a.m. to 12 p.m. at Ocean View Community Center. Call 939-7033 for more information.

Learn about coffee production Saturday.
INTERESTED IN KA`U COFFEE PRODUCTION? A workshop on Saturday focuses on the latest processing equipment, coffee berry borer control, crop nutrition, subsidy programs and legislative updates.
      Topics include Latest Tendencies in the Processing of Specialty Coffee, Benefits of Using Cal-Carbonate to Correct Low pH Soils, Herding Predatory Flat Bark Beetles, Impact of Ka`u Soil Type/Qualities on Crop Nutrition Decisions, and several discussions related to coffee berry borer control.
      The workshop takes place at Pahala Community Center from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. with a one-hour lunch break at 11:30 a.m.
      RSVP to Laura Diaz at laura@ldomarket.com, 928-8188 or 408-306-5596.


See kaucalendar.com.
See kaucalendar.com/TheDirectory2016.html
and kaucalendar.com/TheDirectory2016.pdf.